Advertisement

Human Ecology

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 245–270 | Cite as

Homegardens in Smallholder Farming Systems: Examples From Bangladesh

  • Abu Muhammad Shajaat Ali
Article

Abstract

Homegardens are integral part of rural households in Bangladesh. The present study examines some physical, biological, and socioeconomic characteristics of 32 homegardens randomly selected from four villages representing different agro-ecological conditions, variable population densities, and market opportunities. The study results suggest that large numbers of plant and animal species occupy homegardens, and their composition and intensity of cultivation vary directly with the household physiologic density and access to urban markets, and inversely with environmental constraints to agriculture. Homegardens form the activity space for household women and children, who perform most homegarden farming tasks. Uses of home generated inputs at no or low cost make homegardens economically more efficient and sustainable compared to non-homegarden rice farming. In the context of the intensive subsistence agriculture patterns that dominate Bangladesh, homegardens contribute significantly to smallholder household income.

Keywords

homegardens smallholder farming behavior Bangladesh 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abedin, M. Z., and Quddus, M. A. (1990). Household fuel situation, homegardens and agroforestry practice at six agro-ecologically different locations of Bangladesh. In Abedin, M. Z., Lai, C. K., and Ali, M. O. (eds.), Homestead Plantation and Agroforestry in Bangladesh, BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh, pp. 19–53.Google Scholar
  2. Boserup, E. (1965). The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure, Aldine, Chicago.Google Scholar
  3. Chayanov, A. V. (1966). Peasant farm organization. In Thorner, D., Kerblay, B., and Smith, R. E. F. (eds.), The Theory of Peasant Economy, American Economic Association, Homewood, IL, p. 91.Google Scholar
  4. Dalmacio, M. V. (1989). Agro-Forestry for Forest Land Management Systems in Bangladesh, Working paper No. 21, Assistance to the Forestry Sector Phase-II, FAO, BGD/85/085, Dhaka, Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  5. Dash, S. S., and Misra, M. K. (2001). Studies of hill agro-ecosystems of three tribal villages on the Eastern Ghats of Orissa, India. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 86: 287–302.Google Scholar
  6. Davidson, J. (1984). Research in the Forest Management, Branch of Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Field Document No. 4., Vol. No. 1. FAO/UNDP project BGD/79/017.Google Scholar
  7. Fernandes, E. C. M., and Nair, P. K. R. (1986). An evaluation of the structure and function of tropical homegardens. Agricultural Systems 21: 279–310.Google Scholar
  8. Jose, D., and Shanmugaratnam, N. (1993). Traditional homegardens of Kerala: A sustainable human ecosystem. Agroforestry Systems 24: 203–213.Google Scholar
  9. Khaleque, K. (1987). Homestead forestry practices in Bangladesh. Agroforestry for rural needs. In Proceedings of the Workshop of the IUFRO Project Group 1.15, India, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  10. Khan, N. A. (1998). A Political Economy of Forest Resource Use: Case Studies of Social Forestry in Bangladesh, Ashgate, England.Google Scholar
  11. Landauer, K., and Brazil, M., (eds.) (1990). Tropical Homegardens, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  12. Leuscher, W. A., and Khaleque, K. (1987). Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh. Agroforestry Systems 5: 139–151.Google Scholar
  13. Lipton, M. J. (1968). The theory of optimizing peasants. Journal of Development Studies 4: 327–351.Google Scholar
  14. Meertens, H. C. C., Fresco, L. O., and Stoop, W. A. (1996). Farming systems dynamics: Impact of increasing population density and the availability of land resources on changes in agricultural systems. The case of Sukumaland, Tanzania. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 56: 203–215.Google Scholar
  15. Mellor, J., and Desai, G. (eds.) (1966). Agricultural Change and Rural Poverty, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  16. Millat-e Mustafa, M. (1997). Gender roles in homegarden management in Bangladesh. Chittagong University Studies (Part II) 21(2): 71–78.Google Scholar
  17. Millat-e Mustafa, M., Hall, J. B., and Teklehaimanot, Z. (1996). Structure and floristics of Bangladesh homegardens. Agroforestry Systems 33: 263–280.Google Scholar
  18. Millat-e Mustafa, M., Hall, J. B., and Teklehaimanot, Z. (1999). The indigenous management techniques of Bangladesh homegardens. International Tree Crop Journal.Google Scholar
  19. Millat-e Mustafa, M., Khan, N. A., Ahmed, F. U., and Ali, A. (2000). The status of traditional homegarden systems of Thakurgaon. Chittagong University Journal of Science.Google Scholar
  20. Nair, P. K. R. (2001). Do tropical homegardens elude science, or is it the other way around? Agroforestry Systems 53: 239–245.Google Scholar
  21. Ninez, V. (1987). Household gardens: Theoretical and policy considerations. Agriculture Systems 23: 167–187.Google Scholar
  22. Scot, J. C. (1976). The Moral Economy of the Peasant, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.Google Scholar
  23. Sinclair, R. (1967). Von Thunen and urban sprawl. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 57: 72–87.Google Scholar
  24. Torquebiau, E. (1992). Are tropical agroforestry homegarden sustainable? Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 41: 189–207.Google Scholar
  25. Turner, B. L., II., and Ali, A. M. S. (1996). Induced intensification: Agricultural change in Bangladesh with implications for Malthus and Boserup. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA 93: 14984–14991.Google Scholar
  26. Turner, B. L., II., and Brush, S. B. (1987). The nature of farming systems and views of their changes. In Turner, B. L., II., and Brush, S. B. (eds.), Comparative Farming Systems, Guilford, New York, pp. 11–48.Google Scholar
  27. Turner, B. L., II., Hanham, R. Q., and Portararo, A. V. (1977). Population pressure and agricultural intensity. Association of American Geographers 67: 384–396.Google Scholar
  28. Wojtkowski, P. A. (1993). Toward an understanding of tropical homegardens. Agroforestry Systems 24: 215–222.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesThe University of Texas at TylerTyler

Personalised recommendations