Human Ecology

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 245–270 | Cite as

Homegardens in Smallholder Farming Systems: Examples From Bangladesh

  • Abu Muhammad Shajaat Ali


Homegardens are integral part of rural households in Bangladesh. The present study examines some physical, biological, and socioeconomic characteristics of 32 homegardens randomly selected from four villages representing different agro-ecological conditions, variable population densities, and market opportunities. The study results suggest that large numbers of plant and animal species occupy homegardens, and their composition and intensity of cultivation vary directly with the household physiologic density and access to urban markets, and inversely with environmental constraints to agriculture. Homegardens form the activity space for household women and children, who perform most homegarden farming tasks. Uses of home generated inputs at no or low cost make homegardens economically more efficient and sustainable compared to non-homegarden rice farming. In the context of the intensive subsistence agriculture patterns that dominate Bangladesh, homegardens contribute significantly to smallholder household income.


homegardens smallholder farming behavior Bangladesh 


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© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesThe University of Texas at TylerTyler

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