Advertisement

Husserl Studies

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 229–257 | Cite as

The Concept of Krisis in Husserl’s The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology

  • George HeffernanEmail author
Article

Abstract

In The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, Husserl argues that the only way to respond to the scientific Krisis of which he speaks is with phenomenological reflections on the history, method, and task of philosophy. On the assumption that an accurate diagnosis of a malady is a necessary condition for an effective remedy, this paper aims to formulate a precise concept of the Krisis of the European sciences with which Husserl operates in this work. Thus it seeks an answer to the question: What exactly, according to Husserl, is “the ‘crisis’ [Krisis] of the European sciences”? There are two different tendencies in the literature on this question. According to the traditional interpretation, the Krisis of the European sciences lies not in the inadequacy of their scientificity but in the loss of their meaningfulness for life. According to an innovative suggestion, the Krisis lies not in the loss of their meaningfulness for life but in the inadequacy of their scientificity. These readings are mutually exclusive because each claims that the other misidentifies the Krisis as something that it is not. The argument of this paper, however, is that, given the many different senses of Krisis in The Crisis, an adequate understanding of the Krisis that Husserl identifies requires not a disjunctive but an inclusive approach. Therefore the paper proposes that Husserl’s Krisis of the European sciences is both a crisis of their scientificity and a crisis of their meaningfulness for life. The relevance of this result to Husserl’s philosophical and historical sense-investigations in The Crisis—as well as to the present critical situation of philosophy—is self-evident.

Keywords

Human Existence Positivistic Sense European Science European Humanity Transcendental Phenomenology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bambach, C. (1995). Heidegger, Dilthey, and the Crisis of Historicism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Banfi, A. (1959). Husserl et la crise de la pensée européenne. In Cahiers de Royaumont, Philosophie No. III: Husserl (pp. 411–427). Paris: Éditions de Minuit.Google Scholar
  3. Bernet, R., Kern, I., & Marbach, E. (1993). An Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Boehm, R. (1979). Husserls drei Thesen über die Lebenswelt. In E. Ströker (Ed.), Lebenswelt und Wissenschaft in der Philosophie Edmund Husserls (pp. 23–31). Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.Google Scholar
  5. Bollnow, O. F. (19554). Existenzphilosophie. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer.Google Scholar
  6. Buckley, P. (1992). Husserl, Heidegger, and the Crisis of Philosophical Responsibility. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carr, D. (1974). Phenomenology and the Problem of History. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Carr, D. (2010). The Crisis as Philosophy of History. In D. Hyder & H.-J. Rheinberger (Eds.), Science and the Life-world: Essays on Husserl’s “Crisis of European Sciences” (pp. 83–99). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. De Gandt, F. (2004). Husserl et Galilée: Sur la crise des sciences européennes. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  10. De Warren, N. (2008). La crise de la raison et l’énigme du monde. In C. Majolino & F. De Gandt (Eds.), Lectures de la “Krisis” de Husserl (pp. 23–44). Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  11. Dodd, J. (2004). Crisis and Reflection: An Essay on Edmund Husserl’s “Crisis of the European Sciences”. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  12. Gadamer, H.-G. (1986). Wahrheit und Methode: Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik (1960). In Gadamer, Gesammelte Werke 1: Hermeneutik I. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr.Google Scholar
  13. Gadamer, H.-G. (1987). Existentialismus und Existenzphilosophie (1981). In Gadamer, Gesammelte Werke 3, Neuere Philosophie I: Hegel, Husserl, Heidegger (pp. 175–185). Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr.Google Scholar
  14. Gasché, R. (2009). Europe, or The Infinite Task: A Study of a Philosophical Concept. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gens, J.-C. (2008). La Krisis de Husserl: Approches contemporaines. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  16. Graf, R. (2010). Either-Or: The Narrative of “Crisis” in Weimar Germany and in Historiography. Central European History, 43, 592–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grunewald, M., & Puschner, U. (Eds.) (2010). Krisenwahrnehmungen in Deutschland um 1900. – Zeitschriften als Foren der Umbruchszeit im wilhelminischen Reich/Perceptions de la crise en Allemagne au début du XXe siècle. – Les périodiques et la mutation de la société allemande à l’époque wilhelmienne. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  18. Gurwitsch, A. (1956). The Last Work of Edmund Husserl. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 16, 380–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gurwitsch, A. (1957). The Last Work of Edmund Husserl: II. The Lebenswelt. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 17, 370–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heffernan, G. (2014). Phenomenology Is A Humanism: Husserl’s Hermeneutical-Historical Struggle to Determine the Genuine Meaning of Human Existence in The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Analecta Husserliana, 115, 183–216.Google Scholar
  21. Heidegger, M. (1927). Sein und Zeit. Halle-an-der-Saale: Max Niemeyer.Google Scholar
  22. Heidegger, M. (1992). Die Grundbegriffe der Metaphysik: Welt—Endlichkeit—Einsamkeit (Vorlesungen Wintersemester 1929/1930). In Heidegger, Gesamtausgabe, 29/30. Ed. F.-W. von Herrmann. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.Google Scholar
  23. Husserl, E. Gesammelte Werke (Husserliana) (I–XLII). The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1950–1987/Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988–2004/Dordrecht: Springer, 2004–2014.Google Scholar
  24. Husserl, E. (1954/19622/19762). Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie: Eine Einleitung in die phänomenologische Philosophie (1936). Husserliana VI. Ed. W. Biemel. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  25. Husserl, E. (1970). The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Tr. D. Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Husserl, E. (1974). Formale und transzendentale Logik: Versuch einer Kritik der logischen Vernunft (1929). Husserliana XVII. Ed. P. Janssen. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  27. Husserl, E. (1987). Aufsätze und Vorträge (1911–1921), Mit Ergänzenden Texten. Husserliana XXV. Ed. T. Nenon & H. R. Sepp. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff and Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  28. Husserl, E. (1989). Aufsätze und Vorträge (1922–1937), Mit Ergänzenden Texten. Husserliana XXVII. Ed. T. Nenon & H. R. Sepp. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  29. Husserl, E. (1993). Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie, Ergänzungsband: Texte aus dem Nachlass 1934–1937. Husserliana XXIX. Ed. R. Smid. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  30. Husserl, E. (1994). Briefwechsel (I–X). Husserliana Dokumente Band III. Ed. K. Schuhmann with E. Schuhmann. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  31. Ingarden, R. (1972). What is New in Husserl’s “Krisis”? Analecta Husserliana, 2, 23–47.Google Scholar
  32. Janssen, P. (1970). Geschichte und Lebenswelt: Ein Beitrag zur Diskussion von Husserls Spätwerk. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jaspers, K. (1931). Die geistige Situation der Zeit. Berlin and Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  34. Jaspers, K. (1932). Philosophie, Zweiter Band: Existenzerhellung. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Knies, K. (2015). Crisis and the Limits of Phenomenological Reason. Dialogue and Universalism, 8, 39–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Knies, K. (2016). A Qualified Defense of Husserl’s Crisis Concepts. Metodo: International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy, 4, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  37. Koselleck, R. (1959). Kritik und Krise: Ein Beitrag zur Pathogenese der bürgerlichen Welt. Freiburg and Munich: Karl Alber.Google Scholar
  38. Koselleck, R. (1982). Krise. In O. Brunner, W. Konze, & R. Koselleck (Eds.), Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe: Historisches Lexicon zur politisch-sozialen Sprache in Deutschland (vol. 3, pp. 617–650). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.Google Scholar
  39. Majolino, C. (2008). Un livre sédimentaire. In C. Majolino & F. De Gandt (Eds.), Lectures de la “Krisis” de Husserl (pp. 7–22). Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  40. Mann, D. (1992). Does Husserl Have a Philosophy of History in The Crisis of European Sciences? Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, 23, 156–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Moran, D. (2000). Husserl and the Crisis of the European Sciences. In M. W. F. Stone & J. Wolff (Eds.), The Proper Ambition of Science (pp. 122–150). London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  42. Moran, D. (2011). “Even the Papuan is a Man and not a Beast”: Husserl on Universalism and the Relativity of Cultures. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 49, 463–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Moran, D. (2012). Husserl’s “Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology”: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Morrison, J. (1977). Husserl’s “Crisis”: Reflections on the Relationship of Philosophy and History. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 37, 312–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Orth, E. W. (1999). Edmund Husserls “Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie”: Vernunft und Kultur. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.Google Scholar
  46. Paci, E. (1963). Funzione delle scienze e significato dell’uomo. Milano: Il Saggiatore.Google Scholar
  47. Pohle, R. (2009). Max Weber und die Krise der Wissenschaft: Eine Debatte in Weimar. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  48. Prufer, T. (1975). An Outline of Some Husserlian Distinctions and Strategies, Especially in The Crisis. In E. W. Orth (Ed.), Phänomenologische Forschungen 1 (pp. 89–104). Freiburg and Munich: Karl Alber. (Reprinted as Husserlian Distinctions and Strategies in The Crisis. In T. Prufer, Recapitulations: Essays in Philosophy [pp. 48–57]. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1993.)Google Scholar
  49. Richir, M. (1990). La Crise du sens et la phénoménologie: Autour de la Krisis de Husserl suivi de Commentaire de L’origine de la géométrie. Grenoble: Jérôme Millon.Google Scholar
  50. Rockmore, T. (1984). The Concept of Crisis and the Unity of Husserl’s Position. Man and World, 17, 245–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Schuhmann, K. (Ed.) (1977). Husserl-Chronik: Denk- und Lebensweg Edmund Husserls. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  52. Sokolowski, R. (1972). Husserl’s Protreptic. In L. Embree (Ed.), Life-World and Consciousness: Essays for Aron Gurwitsch (pp. 55–82). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Ströker, E. (1988). Edmund Husserls Phänomenologie: Philosophia perennis in der Krise der europäischen Kultur. Husserl Studies, 5, 197–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ströker, E. (1992). Husserls Werk: Zur Ausgabe der “Gesammelten Schriften”. Hamburg: Felix Meiner.Google Scholar
  55. Ströker, E. (1996). Krise der europäischen Kultur: Ein Problemerbe der husserlschen Philosophie. Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, 50, 309–322.Google Scholar
  56. Trizio, E. (2016). What is the Crisis of Western Sciences? Husserl Studies, 32, 191–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Trotignon, P. (1986). La Coeur de la raison: Husserl et la crise du monde moderne. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  58. Vetter, H. (Ed.) (1998). Krise der Wissenschaften—Wissenschaft der Krise? Wiener Tagungen zur Phänomenologie im Gedenken an Husserls “Krisis”–Abhandlung (1935/36–1996). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy DepartmentMerrimack CollegeNorth AndoverUSA

Personalised recommendations