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Heart Failure Reviews

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 469–479 | Cite as

Heart failure risk and major cardiovascular events in diabetes: an overview of within-group differences in non-insulin antidiabetic treatment

  • Paola Terlizzese
  • Fabrizio Losurdo
  • Massimo Iacoviello
  • Nadia Aspromonte
Article

Abstract

Recently, great attention is paid to cardiovascular impact of non-insulin glucose-lowering drugs, particularly in terms of major cardiovascular events and risk of heart failure. In this regard, a surprising diversity among different molecules within the same pharmacological class has been noticed, yielding to an intra-class discrepancy which has no analogous in other cardiovascular fields. The aim of this paper is to review the literature, giving an insight of the heterogeneous effects among groups and within group shown by oral antidiabetic drugs, with a special concern to fragile patients, such as those with or at risk of heart failure.

Keywords

Heart failure Diabetes Oral antidiabetic drugs Biguanides Sulfonylureas Thiazolidinediones Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors GLP-1 agonists SGLT-2 inhibitors 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of CardiologyUniversity of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Diabetic Foot Care CenterHumanitas GavazzeniBergamoItaly
  3. 3.Cardiology Unit, Cardiothoracic DepartmentPoliclinic University HospitalBariItaly
  4. 4.Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic SciencesCatholic University of the Sacred Heart, Agostino Gemelli FoundationRomeItaly

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