Journal of Molecular Histology

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 35–45 | Cite as

Co-localization of LTBP-2 with FGF-2 in fibrotic human keloid and hypertrophic scar

  • Mohamed A. Sideek
  • Abdulrahman Teia
  • Zlatko Kopecki
  • Allison J. Cowin
  • Mark A. Gibson
Original Paper


We have recently shown that Latent transforming growth factor-beta-1 binding protein-2 (LTBP-2) has a single high-affinity binding site for fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and that LTBP-2 blocks FGF-2 induced cell proliferation. Both proteins showed strong co-localisation within keloid skin from a single patient. In the current study, using confocal microscopy, we have investigated the distribution of the two proteins in normal and fibrotic skin samples including normal scar tissue, hypertrophic scars and keloids from multiple patients. Consistently, little staining for either protein was detected in normal adult skin and normal scar samples but extensive co-localisation of the two proteins was observed in multiple examples of hypertrophic scars and keloids. LTBP-2 and FGF-2 were co-localised to fine fibrous elements within the extracellular matrix identified as elastic fibres by immunostaining with anti-fibrillin-1 and anti-elastin antibodies. Furthermore, qPCR analysis of RNA samples from multiple patients confirmed dramatically increased expression of LTBP-2 and FGF-2, similar TGF-beta 1, in hypertrophic scar compared to normal skin and scar tissue. Overall the results suggest that elevated LTBP-2 may bind and sequester FGF-2 on elastic fibres in fibrotic tissues and modulate FGF-2’s influence on the repair and healing processes.


LTBP-2 FGF-2 Fibrosis Keloid Hypertrophic scar 

Supplementary material

10735_2015_9645_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (277 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 277 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed A. Sideek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdulrahman Teia
    • 1
  • Zlatko Kopecki
    • 3
  • Allison J. Cowin
    • 3
  • Mark A. Gibson
    • 1
  1. 1.Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, School of MedicineUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Sciences, Kulliyyah of Allied Health SciencesInternational Islamic University MalaysiaKuantan, PahangMalaysia
  3. 3.Regenerative Medicine, Mawson InstituteUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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