Advertisement

Higher Education

, Volume 77, Issue 5, pp 871–887 | Cite as

Comprehensive internationalisation of Slovenian higher education? The rhetoric and realities

  • Maruša Hauptman Komotar
Article

Abstract

Policies on comprehensive internationalisation are currently in the focus of discourses on the development of internationalisation in European higher education. However, it remains to be answered, whether in Slovenian higher education, internationalisation policies and practices are indeed being implemented consistently and comprehensively, contributing to the overall quality of the higher education system. The paper obtains answers to this question through the analysis of different documentary sources and findings from semi-structured interviews, which were conducted as part of the PhD research. Firstly, it provides a general overview of the Slovenian higher education system, whilst afterwards, it explores the comprehensiveness of internationalisation in Slovenian higher education through the analysis of internationalisation policies before and after the Bologna Process. Based on the distinction between the ‘abroad’ and ‘at home’ dimension of internationalisation in higher education (Knight 2008), it continues with the examination of trends in mobility and internationalisation at home, which represent essential parts of comprehensive internationalisation policies and strategies. On this basis, it discusses the real importance of internationalisation for the quality of (Slovenian) higher education and concludes that the existence of different internationalisation models results from diverse approaches and rationales for internationalisation and hence, from often-contrasting views of individual actors and stakeholders on what is the quality of higher education and its (comprehensive) internationalisation.

Keywords

Higher education Internationalisation Mobility Internationalisation at home Slovenia EHEA 

References

  1. Beerkens, E., Brandenburg, U., Evers, N., van Gaalen, A., Leichsenring, H., & Zimmermann, V. (2010). Indicator projects on internationalisation: approaches, methods and findings: a report in the context of the European project “indicators for mapping & profiling internationalisation” (IMPI). Gütersloh: CHE Consult.Google Scholar
  2. Bleiklie, I. (2013). Comparing university organizations across boundaries. Higher Education, 67(4), 381–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bologna Declaration (1999). http://archive-2010-2015.ehea.info/article-details.aspx?ArticleId=80. Accessed 3 Oct 2017.
  4. Brandenburg, U., McCoshan, A., Bischof, L., Kreft, A., Storost, U., Leichsenring, H., Neuss, F., Morzick, B., & Noe, S. (2013). Delivering education across borders in the European Union: final report. European Union: Publication Office.Google Scholar
  5. EAIE. (2015). The EAIE Barometer: internationalisation in Europe, executive summary. https://www.eaie.org/community/projects-advocacy/barometer.html. Accessed 12 May 2018.
  6. EUA. (2013). Internationalisation in European higher education: European policies, institutional strategies and EUA support. Brussels: EUA.Google Scholar
  7. European Commission (2013). European higher education in the World. https://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/international-cooperation/world-education_en. Accessed 2 Nov 2017.
  8. European Commission, EACEA, & Eurydice (2015). The European higher education area in 2015: implementation report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  9. European Commission, EACEA, & Eurydice (2018). The European higher education area in 2018: Bologna Process implementation report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  10. Evidenca visokošolskih zavodov in študijskih programov (2018). [Public registry of higher education institutions and study programmes 2018]. http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/News/Index/6665. Accessed 28 Apr 2018.
  11. Harvey, L., & Green, D. (1993). Defining quality. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 18(1), 9–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hauptman Komotar, M. (2018). Quality assurance of internationalisation and internationalisation of quality assurance in Slovenian and Dutch higher education. European Journal of Higher Education.  https://doi.org/10.1080/21568235.2018.1458635.
  13. Javna evidenca visokošolskega transnacionalnega izobraževanja 2017. [Public registry of transnational higher education 2017]. http://www.nakvis.si/sl-SI/Content/Details/46. Accessed 25 Apr 2018.
  14. Kälvemark, T., & van der Wende, M. (Eds.). (1997). National policies for the internationalisation of higher education in Europe. Stockholm: National Agency for Higher Education.Google Scholar
  15. Klemenčič, M., & Flander, A. (2013). Evaluation of the impact of the Erasmus programme on higher education in Slovenia. Ljubljana: CMEPIUS.Google Scholar
  16. Knight, J. (2008). Higher education in turmoil: the changing world of internationalisation. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Komotar, M. (2017). Convergence or diversity in quality assurance systems? The case of Slovenia and the Netherlands. Hungarian Educational Research Journal, 7(3), 73–88.Google Scholar
  18. Lamberger Khatib, M. (2009). Social networks among Arabs in Slovenia. Razprave in gradivo, 58, 141–158.Google Scholar
  19. Leuven Communiqué (2009). http://archive-2010-2015.ehea.info/article-details.aspx?ArticleId=80. Accessed 9 Nov 2017.
  20. Marginson, S., & Rhoades, G. (2002). Beyond national states, markets, and systems of higher education: a glonacal agency heuristic. Higher Education, 43(3), 281–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. (2015). The value of knowledge: strategic agenda for higher education and research 2015–2025. The Hague: Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.Google Scholar
  22. Ministry of Education and Sport. (1997). Strokovna izhodišča za nacionalni program visokega šolstva v Republiki Sloveniji [Expert platform for the national higher education programme in the Republic of Slovenia]. Ljubljana: Ministrstvo za šolstvo in šport.Google Scholar
  23. Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (2016a). Strategy for the internationalisation of Slovenian higher education 2016–2020. http://www.mizs.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/direktorat_za_visoko_solstvo/sektor_za_visoko_solstvo/internacionalizacija_vs/. Accessed 3 Dec 2017.
  24. Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (2016b). Pregled stanja v slovenskem visokem šolstvu na področju internacionalizacije [Overview on the state of Slovenian higher education in the field of Internationalisation]. http://www.mizs.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/direktorat_za_visoko_solstvo/sektor_za_visok o_solstvo/internacionalizacija_vs/. Accessed 2 Dec 2017.
  25. Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (2016c). Action plan strategy for the internationalisation of Slovenian higher education 2016–2018: collected objectives, measures, indicators, responsibilities with a time plan. http://www.mizs.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/direktorat_za_visoko_solstvo/sektor_za_visoko_solstvo/internacionalizacija_vs/. Accessed 3 Dec 2017.
  26. Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (2018). List of study programmes delivered in English for the 2018/19 academic year. http://www.mizs.gov.si/en/areas_of_work/directorate_of_higher_education/higher_education_system_in_slovenia/. Accessed 30 July 2018.
  27. Nacionalni program visokega šolstva (2002). [National higher education programme 2002]. http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=NACP33. Accessed 3 Nov 2017.
  28. Resolucija o nacionalnem programu visokega šolstva (2007–2010) [Resolution on the national higher education programme 2007–2010]. http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO4295. Accessed 3 Oct 2017.
  29. Resolucija o nacionalnem programu visokega šolstva (2011–2020) [Resolution on the national higher education programme 2011–2020]. http://www.drznaslovenija.mvzt.gov.si/ch01.html. Accessed 6 Dec 2017.
  30. Rezultati raziskovanj 1982 [Results of the Surveys 1982], no. 285/1982. Ljubljana: Zavod SRS za statistiko.Google Scholar
  31. Rezultati raziskovanj 1992 [Results of the Surveys 1992], no. 575/1992. Ljubljana: Zavod za statistiko.Google Scholar
  32. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (2018). The number of tertiary education students continues to fall; in 2017/18 it was again lower than a year earlier. http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/News/Index/7433. Accessed 23 July 2018.
  33. Sursock, A. (2015). Trends 2015: learning and teaching in European universities. Brussels: EUA.Google Scholar
  34. Teichler, U. (2010). Internationalising higher education: debates and changes in Europe. In D. Mattheou (Ed.), Changing educational landscapes (pp. 263–283). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2018). Global flow of tertiary-level students. http://uis.unesco.org/en/uis-student-flow. Accessed 15 May 2018.
  36. University of Ljubljana (2014). Strategija internacionalizacije Univerze v Ljubljani 2014–2017 (2020) [Internationalisation strategy of the University of Ljubljana 2014–2017(2020)]. https://www.uni-lj.si/o_univerzi_v_ljubljani/strategija_ul/. Accessed 15 Nov 2017.
  37. University of Maribor (2013). Development strategy of the University of Maribor 2013–2020. https://www.um.si/en/about/mission.../Strategija%20UM%202013-2020_ang.pdf. Accessed 19 Dec 2017.
  38. University of Primorska (2014). Srednjeročna razvojna strategija Univerze na Primorskem 2014–2020 [The medium-term development strategy of the University of Primorska 2014–2020]. http://www.upr.si/index.php?page=static&item=82. Accessed 8 Dec 2017.
  39. Wächter, B., & Ferencz, I. (2012). Student mobility in Europe: recent trends and implications of data collection. In A. Curaj, P. Scott, L. Vlasceanu, & L. Wilson (Eds.), European higher education at the crossroads: between the Bologna Process and national reforms (pp. 387–411). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wächter, B., & Maiworm, F. (Eds.). (2015). English-taught programmes in European higher education: the state of play in 2014. Bonn: Lemmens Medien GmbH.Google Scholar
  41. de Wit, H. (2002). Internationalisation of higher education in the United States of America and Europe. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  42. de Wit, H. (2017). The importance of internationalization at home: in a time of political tensions. THEMA, 5, 25–29 www.themahogeronderwijs.org/assets/Preview-bestanden/Thma-2017-5-The-Importance-of-Internationalization-at-Home-.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2018.Google Scholar
  43. de Wit, H., Hunter, F., Howard, L., & Egron-Polak, E. (2015). Internationalisation of higher education. Brussels: European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies.Google Scholar
  44. Working Group on Mobility (2012). Mobility for better learning: mobility strategy 2020 for the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). https://www.ehea.info/cid101043/ministerial-conference-bucharest-2012.html. Accessed 15 Mar 2018.
  45. Yerevan Communiqué. (2015). https://www.ehea.info/pid34363/ministerial-declarations-and-communiques.html. Accessed 13 Nov 2017.
  46. Zakon o ratifikaciji Konvencije o priznavanju visokošolskih kvalifikacij v evropski regiji 1999 [Act ratifying the convention on the recognition of qualifications concerning higher education in the European region 1999]. Uradni list RS [Official gazette RS], no. 14/1999.Google Scholar
  47. Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah zakona o visokem šolstvu 1999 [Act Amending the Higher Education Act 1999]. Uradni list RS [Official gazette RS], no. 99/1999.Google Scholar
  48. Zakon o usmerjenem izobraževanju 1980 [Law on career-oriented education 1980]. Uradni list SRS [Official gazette SRS], no. 11/1980.Google Scholar
  49. Zakon o visokem šolstvu 1993 [Higher Education Act 1993]. Uradni list RS [Official gazette RS], no. 67/1993.Google Scholar
  50. Zakon o visokem šolstvu 2004 [Higher Education Act 2004]. Uradni list RS [Official gazette RS], no. 100/2004.Google Scholar
  51. Zakon o visokem šolstvu 2006. [Higher Education Act 2006]. Uradni list RS [Official gazette RS], no. 119/2006.Google Scholar
  52. Zgaga, P. (2004). Analiza gibanj v strukturi študentov in diplomantov terciarnega izobraževanja (1981–2004) [Analysis of trends in the structure of students and graduates in tertiary education (1981–2004)]. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Pedagoška fakulteta/CEPS.Google Scholar
  53. Zgaga, P. (2016). Education in the whirlwinds of “transition”: on people who won freedom but must now learn how to enjoy it properly. Hungarian Educational Research Journal, 6(2), 8–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zgaga, P., Klemenčič, M., Komljenovič, M., Miklavič, K., Repac, I., & Jakačić, V. (2013). Higher education in the Western Balkans: reforms, developments, trends. Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Education/CEPS.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LitijaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations