‘When in Rome, do as the Romans do’ Do international students’ acculturation attitudes impact their ethical academic conduct?
- 1.4k Downloads
International students undertaking higher education in foreign countries bring with them some perceived beliefs about academic conduct. These beliefs are often in contrast with the host countries’ academic practices, which may generate confusion and frustration among international students, affecting their learning behaviours. As a consequence of intercultural interactions in a foreign country, international students’ beliefs and behaviours may change. Since Malaysia has emerged to be a hub of educational excellence in the region by transforming its higher education, thereby attracting increasing number of international students, this paper aims to investigate whether international students’ acculturation-oriented attitudes impact their ethical academic conduct pertaining to research, exams and assignments in a public university in Malaysia. The results reveal that students adjusting to the local academic norms demonstrate significant positive commitments to host country’s academic norms concerning research, exam and assignments. However, students upholding the norms of their home countries tend to show non-significant attitudes towards host country’s academic norms. These findings have strategic policy implications for the host educational institutions that are highlighted in the paper. The paper also identifies its limitations and explores future research potential.
KeywordsAcculturation Adjustment attitude Attachment attitude Academic conduct International students Malaysia
Azadeh Shafaei is the recipient of USM Global Fellowship.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Arokiasamy, A. R. A. (2010). The impact of globalization on Higher Education in Malaysia. Retrieved 20 January, 2015, from http://www.nyu.edu/classes/keefer/waoe/aroka.pdf
- Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology, 46(1), 5–34.Google Scholar
- Berry, J. W. (1998). Acculturation and health: Theory and research. In S. S. Kazarian & D. R. Evans (Eds.), Cultural clinical psychology: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 39–57). New York: University Press.Google Scholar
- Birtch, T. A., & Chiang, F. F. (2013). The influence of business school’s ethical climate on students’ Unethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 1–12.Google Scholar
- Bray, M. (2002). The costs and financing of education: Trends and policy implications. Manila: Asian Development Bank and Hong Kong and Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Brown, R., Hinkle, S., Ely, P. G., Fox-Cardamone, L., Maras, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1992). Recognizing group diversity: Individualist-collectivist and autonomous-relational social orientations and their implications for intergroup processes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31(4), 327–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chin, W. W. (2010). How to write up and report PLS analyses. In Handbook of partial least squares (pp. 655–690). Springer, New York.Google Scholar
- Deaux, K. (1996). Social identification. In E. T. Higgins & A. W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principle (pp. 777–798). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Diamantopoulos, A., & Siguaw, J. A. (2000). Introducing LISREL: A guide for the uninitiated. SAGE Publications Limited.Google Scholar
- Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.Google Scholar
- Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2009). Multivariate data analysis. New Jersey: Person Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Hofstede, G. H. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. (2007). The national higher education strategic plan: Laying the foundation beyond 2020. Retrieved 20 February, 2014, from www.mohe.gov.my
- Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. (2009). Laporan Statistik Pelajar. 2009. Retrieved 20 February, 2014, from http://www.mohe.gov.my/web_statistik/index.htm
- Reuters, Thomson. (2014). The Asian higher education rankings. London: Amity University.Google Scholar
- Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., & Will, A. (2005). SmartPLS 2.0 (Beta). from http://www.smartpls.de
- Song, H.-H., & Shin, E.-H. (2004). Acculturation and consumption behavior of Korean immigrants. Development and Society, 33(1), 39–79.Google Scholar
- Sumer, S. (2009). International students’ psychological and sociocultural adaptation in the United States. Counseling and psychological services dissertations, Paper 34.Google Scholar
- Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behaviour. In W. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 7–24). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.Google Scholar
- Terry, L. (2011). International initiatives that facilitate global mobility in higher education. Mich. St. L. Rev., 2011 Google Scholar
- Universiti Sains Malaysia. (1998). Corporatisation of the Centre for Innovation and Consultancy. Penang: Universiti Sains Malaysia.Google Scholar
- Verbik, L., & Lasanowski, V. (2007). International student mobility: Patterns and trends. World Education News and Reviews, 20(10), 1–16.Google Scholar
- Yang, B., & Clum, G. A. (1994). Life stress, social support, and problem-solving skills predictive of depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and suicide ideation in an Asian student population: A test of a model. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 24(2), 127–139.Google Scholar