Higher Education

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 85–97 | Cite as

Academic dishonesty in higher education—a nationwide study in Taiwan

Original Paper

Abstract

Academic dishonesty has been an important issue. However, only few researches had been done in Asian countries, especially a nationwide study. A sample of 2,068 college students throughout Taiwan was selected and surveyed on four domains of academic dishonesty, including: cheating on test, cheating on assignment, plagiarism, and falsifying documents. The major findings of this study were: (1) the prevalence rate for all types of dishonesty behaviors among college students in Taiwan was 61.72%; (2) the top five most practiced academic dishonesty behaviors in Taiwan are provided paper or assignment for another student, gave prohibited help to others on their assignment, copied others’ assignments, passed answers to other students, and copied from other students; (3) students’ attitudes correlated with behaviors in all four domains of academic dishonesty; (4) females reported less acceptable to and behaved less academic dishonesty behaviors than males; and (5) freshmen had more dishonest practices than other class ranks.

Keywords

Academic dishonesty Colleges and universities Higher education Cheating Plagiarism Taiwan 

References

  1. Bernardi, R. A., Metzger, R. L., Bruno, R. G., Hoogkamp, M. A., Reyes, L. E., & Barnaby, G. H. (2004). Examining the decision process of students’ cheating behavior: An empirical study. Journal of Business Ethics, 50(4), 397–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown, B. S., & Choong, P. (2005). An investigation of academic dishonesty among business students at public and private United States universities. International Journal of Management, 22(2), 201–214.Google Scholar
  3. Chang, H. (1995). College student test cheating in Taiwan. Student Counseling, 41, 114–128.Google Scholar
  4. Crown, D. F., & Spiller, M. S. (1998). Learning from the literature on collegiate cheating: A review of empirical research. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(6), 683–700.Google Scholar
  5. Davis, S. F., Grover, C. A., Becker, A. H., & McGregor, L. N. (1992). Academic dishonesty: Prevalence, determinants, techniques, and punishments. Teaching of Psychology, 19, 16–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Lambert, K., Ellen, N., & Taylor, L. (2003). Cheating-what is it and why do it: A study in New Zealand tertiary institutions of the perceptions and justifications for academic dishonesty. The Journal of American Academy of Business, 3, 98–103.Google Scholar
  7. Diekhoff, G. M., LaBeff, E. E., Shinohara, K., & Yasukawa, H. (1999). College cheating in Japan and the United States. Research in Higher Education, 40(3), 343–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Finn, K. V., & Frone, M. R. (2004). Academic performance and cheating: Moderating role of school identification and self-efficacy. The Journal of Educational Research, 97(3), 115–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Grimes, P. W. (2004). Dishonesty in academics and business: A cross-cultural evaluation of student attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics, 49(3), 273–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lawson, R. A. (2004). Is classroom cheating related to business students’ propensity to cheat in the “real world”. Journal of Business Ethics, 49(2), 189–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lupton, R. A., Chapman, K. J., & Weiss, J. E. (2000). A cross-national exploration of business students’ attitudes, perceptions, and tendencies toward academic dishonesty. Journal of Education for Business, March/April, 231–235.Google Scholar
  12. Lupton, R. A., & Chapman K. J. (2002). Russian and American college students’ attitudes, perceptions, and tendencies towards cheating. Educational Research, 44(1), 17–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Magnus, J. R., Polterovich, V. M., Danilov, D. L., & Savvateev A.V. (2002). Tolerance of cheating: An analysis across countries. Journal of Economic Education, 33(2), 125–135.Google Scholar
  14. McCabe, D. L., & Trevino, L. K. (1996). What we know about cheating in college. Change, 28(1), 28–33.Google Scholar
  15. McCabe, D. L., Trevino, L. K., & Butterfield, K. D. (2001). Dishonesty in academic environments. The Journal of Higher Education, 72(1), 29–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. McCabe, D. L., Trevino, L. K., & Butterfield, K. D. (2001). Cheating in academic institutions: A decade of research. Ethics and Behaviors, 11(3), 219–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ministry of Education in Taiwan (2004). Number of students applying for visa to study abroad, summary and statistics (2003–2004). Retrieved September 15, 2005 from Ministry of Education Statistic Reports Online: http://www.edu.tw/EDU_WEB/EDU_MGT/STATISTICS/EDU7220001/indicator/3–8.htm?open.Google Scholar
  18. Nonis, S., & Swift, C. O. (2001). An examination of the relationship between academic dishonesty and workplace dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Journal of Education for Business, 77(2), 69–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nowell, C., & Laufer, D. (1997). Undergraduate student cheating in the fields of business and economics. Journal of Economic Education, 28(1), 3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pincus, H. S., & Schmelkin, L. P. (2003). Faculty perceptions of academic dishonesty: A multidimensional scaling analysis. The Journal of Higher Education, 74(2), 196–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pino, N. W., & Smith, W. L. (2003). College students and academic dishonesty. College Student Journal, 37(4), 490–496.Google Scholar
  22. Roig, M., Caso, M. (2005). Lying and cheating: Fraudulent excuse making, cheating, and plagiarism. The Journal of Psychology, 139(6), 485–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shen, L. (1995). Assessing students’ academic dishonesty in junior colleges in south Taiwan. Chia-Nan Annual Bulletin, 21, 97–112.Google Scholar
  24. Sims, R. (1993). The relationship between academic dishonesty and unethical business practices. Journal of Education for Business, March/April, pp. 207–211.Google Scholar
  25. Smyth, M. L., Davis, J. R., (2004). Perceptions of dishonesty among two-year college students: Academic versus business situations. Journal of Business Ethics, 51(1), 63–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. West, T., Revenscroft, S. P., & Shrader, C. B. (2004). Cheating and moral judgment in the college classroom: A natural experiment. Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 173–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Whitley, B. E. Jr., (1998). Factors associated with cheating among college students: A review. Research in Higher Education, 39, 235–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Whitley, B. E. Jr., Nelson, A. B., & Jones, C. J. (1999). Gender differences in cheating attitudes and classroom cheating behavior: A meta-analysis. Sex Roles, 41(9/10), 657–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business EducationNational Changhua University of EducationChanghuaTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Health Care AdministrationDiwan College of ManagementTainanTaiwan

Personalised recommendations