Advertisement

Higher Education

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 381–409 | Cite as

Welcome to America? International student perceptions of discrimination

  • Jenny J. LeeEmail author
  • Charles Rice
Article

Abstract

This research explores the experiences of international students at a research university in the U.S. Southwest. Based on interviews of a sample of 24 students from 15 countries, we consider a range of difficulties they encounter which runs from perceptions of unfairness and inhospitality to cultural intolerance and confrontation. Utilizing the conceptual framework of neo-racism to explain many of their experiences, we organize our analysis and discussion around their words and the contexts in which the difficulties they encounter emerge. We find that not all of the issues international students face can be problematized as matters of adjustment, as much research does, but that some of the more serious challenges are due to inadequacies within the host society.

Keywords

Home Country Sexual Harassment International Student Chinese Student Host Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Altbach, P. 1989‘The new internationalism: Foreign students and scholars’Studies in Higher Education14125135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altbach, P. 1998Comparative Higher Education: Knowledge, the University, and DevelopmentAblex Publishing CorporationGreenwich, CTGoogle Scholar
  3. Altbach, P. 2004‘Higher education crosses borders’Change361825Google Scholar
  4. Arnone, M. 2003‘Security at home creates insecurity abroad: With fewer foreign students applying to U.S. colleges federal visa rules get the blame’The Chronicle of Higher Education50A21Google Scholar
  5. Balibar, E. 1992Is there a ‘neo-racism’?Balibar, E.Wallerstein, I. eds. Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous IdentitiesVersoNew York1728Google Scholar
  6. Barber, E. G., Morgan, R. P. 1987‘The impact of foreign graduate students on engineering education in the United States’Science2363337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barker, M. 1981The New Racism: Conservatives and the Ideology of the TribeJunction BooksLondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Beoku-Betts, J. 2004‘African women pursuing graduate studies in the sciences: Racism, gender bias, and Third World marginality’NWSA Journal16116135Google Scholar
  9. Bevis, T. B. 2002‘At a glance: International students in the United States’International Educator111217Google Scholar
  10. Bogdan, R.C., Biklen, S.K. 1998Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and MethodsAllyn and BaconBostonGoogle Scholar
  11. Brender, A. 2004‘In Japan, protection or prejudice? Government slashes number of visas issued to Chinese students’The Chronicle of Higher Education50A37Google Scholar
  12. Cole, D., Ahmadi, S. 2003‘Perspectives and experiences of Muslim women who veil on campuses’Journal of College Student Development444766Google Scholar
  13. Council of Graduate Schools. (2004). International graduate student admissions survey. Retrieved from Council of Graduate Schools website: http://www.cgsnet.org/.
  14. Habu, T. 2000‘The irony of globalization: The experience of Japanese women in British higher education’Higher Education394366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harrison, P. 2002‘Educational exchange for international understanding’International Educator1124Google Scholar
  16. Hechanova-Alampay, R., Beehr, T. A., Christiansen, N. D., Horn, R. K. 2002‘Adjustment and strain among domestic and international student sojourners’School Psychology International23458Google Scholar
  17. Heggins, W. J.,III, Jackson, J.F.L. 2003‘Understanding the collegiate experience for Asian international students at a Midwestern research university’College Student Journal37379Google Scholar
  18. Hervik, P. 2004‘Anthropological perspectives on the new racism in Europe’Ethnos69140155Google Scholar
  19. Institute of International Education (IIE). (2004). International student enrollments declined by 2.4% in 2003/04: Graduate student enrollments increased slightly while undergraduate numbers dropped. Retrieved from IIE Network: http://opendoors.iienetwork.org/?p=50137.Google Scholar
  20. Institute of International Education (IIE). (2003a). Open doors 2003: Report on international educational exchange. Retrieved from IIE Network: http://opendoors.iienetwork.org/.
  21. Institute of International Education (IIE). (2003b). Fall 2003 survey report on international educational exchange. Retrieved from IIE Network: http://opendoors.iienetwork.org/?p=36558.
  22. Kher, N., Juneau, G., Molstad, S. 2003‘From the southern hemisphere to the rural south: A Mauritian students’ version of coming to America’College Student Journal37564569Google Scholar
  23. Klineberg, O., Hull, W. F. 1979At a Foreign University: An International Study of Adaptation and Coping PraegerNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Knight, J. 2003‘Updated internationalization definition’International Higher Education3323Google Scholar
  25. Knight, J., Wit, H. 1995Strategies for internationalization of higher education: Historical and conceptual perspectivesWit, H. eds. Strategies for Internationalization of Higher Education: A Comparative Study of Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States of AmericaEAIEAmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  26. Lane, K. 2002‘So where are you from?’Community College Week1669Google Scholar
  27. Lee, J. J. 2005Experiences and satisfaction among international students. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research AssociationMontrealCanadaGoogle Scholar
  28. Levin, J. S. 2002‘Global culture and the community college’Community College Journal of Research and Practice26121145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li, R. Y., Kaye, M. 1998‘Understanding overseas students’ concerns and problems’Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management204150Google Scholar
  30. Lloyd, N., (2003). A research study exploring the attitudes and experiences of international students enrolled in the faculty of engineering, computing and mathematics at the University of Western Australia. Unpublished manuscript. University of Western Australia: The Equity and Diversity OfficeGoogle Scholar
  31. MacWilliams, B. 2004‘Foreign students attacked in Ukraine’The Chronicle of Higher Education50A45Google Scholar
  32. Man questioned in shooting death of Sikh. (2001, September 16). CNN. Retrieved March 31, 2001 from http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/09/16/gen.mesa.shooting/index.html.
  33. Marshall C., Rossman, G. B., (1999). Designing Qualitative Research, 3rd edn. Thousand Sage Publications OaksGoogle Scholar
  34. McMurtie, B., (2001). Arab students in U.S. head home, citing growing hostility. Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from online edition: http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v48/i06/06a04201.htm.
  35. NAFSA. (2003). In America’s Interest: Welcoming International Students. Washington D.C.: NAFSAGoogle Scholar
  36. NAFSA et al. (2004a). Study of applications by prospective international students to U.S. higher education institutions. Washington D.C.: NAFSA. Retrieved from NAFSA Press Room: http://www.nafsa.org/content/PublicPolicy/FortheMedia/appsjtsurvey.pdf
  37. NAFSA et al. (2004b). Fewer international graduate students applying to study in the United States. Washington D.C.: NAFSA. Retrieved from NAFSA Press Room: http://www.nafsa.org/content/PublicPolicy/FortheMedia/appssurveyresults.pdf
  38. Owens, J. (2002). Foreign students facing post-9/11 rules. Chicago Tribune, Education Today, ZONE C. p. 2Google Scholar
  39. Perucci, R., Hu, H. 1995‘Satisfaction with social and educational experiences among international graduate students’Research in Higher Education36491508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Peterson, D., Briggs, P., Dreasher, L., Horner, D., Nelson, T. 1999‘Contributions of international students and programs to campus diversity’New Directions for Student Services866777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pimpa, N. 2003‘The influence of peers and student recruitment agencies on Thai students’ choices of international education’Higher Education7178192Google Scholar
  42. Pritchard, R. M. O., Skinner, B. 2002‘Cross-cultural partnerships between home and international students’Journal of Studies in International Education6323354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rhee, J. 2004‘International students: Constructions of imperialism in the Chronicle of Higher Education’The Review of Higher Education287796Google Scholar
  44. Rhoades, G., Smart, D. 1996The political economy of entrepreneurial culture in higher education: Policies toward foreign students in Australia and the United StatesKempner, K.Tierney, W. G. eds. The social role of higher education: Comparative perspectivesGarland PublishingNew York125159Google Scholar
  45. Robertson, M., Line, M., Jones, S., Thomas, S. 2000‘International students, learning environments and perceptions: A case study using the Delphi technique’Higher Education Research and Development1989102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schram, J., Lauver, P. 1988‘Alienation in international students’Journal of College Student Development29146150Google Scholar
  47. Slaughter, S., Rhoades, G. 2004Academic capitalism and the new economyJohns Hopkins University PressBaltimore, MDGoogle Scholar
  48. Spears, A. 1999Race and ideology: An introductionSpears, A. eds. Race and Ideology: Language, Symbolism, and Popular CultureWayne State PressDetroit, MI1159Google Scholar
  49. Strauss, A., Corbin, J. 1998Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded TheorySage PublicationsThousand Oaks, CAGoogle Scholar
  50. Wilton, L., Constantine, M. G. 2003‘Length of residence, cultural adjustment difficulties, and psychological distress symptoms in Asian and Latin American international students’Journal of College Counseling6177186Google Scholar
  51. Zhao, C., Kuh, G. D., Carini, R. M. 2005‘A comparison of international student and American student engagement in effective educational practices’Journal of Higher Education76209231CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for the Study of Higher EducationUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations