A GRASP + ILP-based metaheuristic for the capacitated location-routing problem
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In this paper we present a three-phase heuristic for the Capacitated Location-Routing Problem. In the first stage, we apply a GRASP followed by local search procedures to construct a bundle of solutions. In the second stage, an integer-linear program (ILP) is solved taking as input the different routes belonging to the solutions of the bundle, with the objective of constructing a new solution as a combination of these routes. In the third and final stage, the same ILP is iteratively solved by column generation to improve the solutions found during the first two stages. The last two stages are based on a new model, the location-reallocation model, which generalizes the capacitated facility location problem and the reallocation model by simultaneously locating facilities and reallocating customers to routes assigned to these facilities. Extensive computational experiments show that our method is competitive with the other heuristics found in the literature, yielding the tightest average gaps on several sets of instances and being able to improve the best known feasible solutions for some of them.
KeywordsLocation-routing Column generation Metaheuristic
We thank the three anonymous referees and the Associate Editor for their helpful comments and suggestions that contributed to improve the quality of the article. We also thank the Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) for its financial support.
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