Advertisement

Influence of copper on hormone content and selected morphological, physiological and biochemical parameters of hydroponically grown Zea mays plants

  • Sarka ReckovaEmail author
  • Jiri Tuma
  • Petre Dobrev
  • Radomira Vankova
Original paper
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

The impact of copper on hydroponically grown Zea mays L. has been characterized at the level of morphological changes and phytohormones. Maize plants were grown in Hoagland nutrient solution for 14 days with the addition of 50 µM or100 µM CuSO4. Both the height and the fresh weight of plants were reduced. The hormone analysis, performed by mass spectrometry, revealed elevation of abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in directly exposed roots, only content of active cytokinins (CKs) did not change. In leaves, the content of ABA, JA, IAA and CKs was increased, while the content SA did not change. The content of Ca, Mg, K and Zn decreased in leaves and roots with increasing concentration of Cu in nutrient medium. Leaf Cu concentration decreased at 100 µM CuSO4 in medium compared to the control (by 48%). Endogenous Cu content highly increased in roots exposed to 50 µM CuSO4 (by 690%), while only moderate elevation was observed at 100 µM CuSO4. The content of phenolic substances and flavonoids increased in both roots and leaves, while protein content increased in leaves, not changing in roots. In conclusion, the increase in content of ABA, SA, JA, CKs and IAA in response to elevated Cu concentration in the medium indicated their participation in maize responses to Cu stress. Negative correlation revealed between endogenous Cu and JA or CKs content in leaves suggested their role in reduction of Cu uptake.

Keywords

Maize Phytohormone Heavy metal Copper 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Specific Research Project of the Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, No. 2109/2016 and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of CR from the European Regional Development Fund-Project "Centre for Experimental Plant Biology": [Grant No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000738]. We would like to thank OSEVA UNI, a.s., Choceň for providing maize seeds.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Al-Hakimi A-BM, Hamada AM (2011) Ascorbic acid, thiamine or salicylic acid induced changes in some physiological parameters in wheat grown under copper stress. Plant Prot Sci 47:92–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Argueso CT, Ferreira FJ, Kieber JJ (2009) Environmental perception avenues: the interaction of cytokinin and environmental response pathways. Plant Cell Environ 32:1147–1160.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01940.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bali S, Kaur P, Kohli SK et al (2018) Jasmonic acid induced changes in physio-biochemical attributes and ascorbate-glutathione pathway inLycopersicon esculentum under lead stress at different growth stages. Sci Total Environ 645:1344–1360.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.164 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bari R, Jones JDG (2009) Role of plant hormones in plant defence responses. Plant Mol Biol 69:473–488.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11103-008-9435-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benimeli CS, Medina A, Navarro CM et al (2009) Bioaccumulation of copper by Zea mays: impact on root, shoot and leaf growth. Water Air Soil Pollut 210:365–370.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-009-0259-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhattarai KK, Xie Q-G, Mantelin S et al (2008) Tomato susceptibility to root-knot nematodes requires an intact jasmonic acid signaling pathway. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 21:1205–1214.  https://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-21-9-1205 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bradford MM (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72:248–254.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(76)90527-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bücker-Neto L, Paiva ALS, Machado RD et al (2017) Interactions between plant hormones and heavy metals responses. Genet Mol Biol 40:373–386.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2016-0087 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bulak P, Walkiewicz A, Brzezińska M (2014) Plant growth regulators-assisted phytoextraction. Biol Plant 58:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-013-0382-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Demirevska-Kepova K, Simova-Stoilova L, Stoyanova Z et al (2004) Biochemical changes in barley plants after excessive supply of copper and manganese. Environ Exp Bot 52:253–266.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2004.02.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Di Ferdinando M, Brunetti C, Fini A, Tattini M (2012) Flavonoids as antioxidants in plants under abiotic stresses. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dobrev PI, Kamínek M (2002) Fast and efficient separation of cytokinins from auxin and abscisic acid and their purification using mixed-mode solid-phase extraction. J Chromatogr A 950:21–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0021-9673(02)00024-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dobrev P, Vankova R (2012) Quantification of abscisic acid, cytokinin, and auxin content in salt-stressed plant tissues. Methods Mol Biol 251–261Google Scholar
  14. Elahi N, Rehmani MIA, Majeed A, Ahmad M (2018) Salicylic acid improves physiological traits of Zea mays L. seedlings under copper contamination. Asian J Agric Biol 6:115–124Google Scholar
  15. Freitas F, Lunardi S, Souza LB et al (2018) Accumulation of copper by the aquatic macrophyte Salvinia biloba Raddi (Salviniaceae). Braz J Biol 78:133–139.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.166377 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grant M, Lamb C (2006) Systemic immunity. Curr Opin Plant Biol 9:414–420.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2006.05.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hąc-Wydro K, Sroka A, Jabłońska K (2016) The impact of auxins used in assisted phytoextraction of metals from the contaminated environment on the alterations caused by lead(II) ions in the organization of model lipid membranes. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 143:124–130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.03.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Han Y, Chen G, Chen Y, Shen Z (2015) Cadmium toxicity and alleviating effects of exogenous salicylic acid in iris hexagona. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 95:796–802.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1640-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hanaka A, Lechowski L, Mroczek-Zdyrska M, Strubińska J (2018) Oxidative enzymes activity during abiotic and biotic stresses in Zea mays leaves and roots exposed to Cu, methyl jasmonate and Trigonotylus caelestialium. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 24:1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-017-0479-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jung Y, Ha M, Lee J et al (2015) Metabolite profiling of the response of burdock roots to copper stress. J Agric Food Chem 63:1309–1317.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf503193c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ke W, Xiong Z-T, Chen S, Chen J (2007) Effects of copper and mineral nutrition on growth, copper accumulation and mineral element uptake in two Rumex japonicus populations from a copper mine and an uncontaminated field sites. Environ Exp Bot 59:59–67.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2005.10.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kereszturi P, Andrasi N, Czudar A et al (2009) Effects of exogenous salicylic acid on growth and catalase enzyme in white mustard seedlings under heavy metal and salt stress. Cereal Res Commun 37:597–600Google Scholar
  23. Lachman J, Dudjak J, Miholova D et al (2005) Effect of cadmium on flavonoid content in young barley (Hordeum sativum L.) plants. Plant Soil Environ—UZPI Czech Repub 51(11):513–516.  https://doi.org/10.17221/3625-PSE CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liphadzi MS, Kirkham MB, Paulsen GM (2006) Auxin-enhanced root growth for phytoremediation of sewage-sludge amended soil. Environ Technol 27:695–704.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332708618683 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu J, Wang J, Lee S, Wen R (2018) Copper-caused oxidative stress triggers the activation of antioxidant enzymes via ZmMPK3 in maize leaves. PLoS ONE 13:e0203612.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203612 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu JJ, Wei Z, Li JH (2014) Effects of copper on leaf membrane structure and root activity of maize seedling. Bot Stud 55:47.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40529-014-0047-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Maksymiec W (2011) Effects of jasmonate and some other signalling factors on bean and onion growth during the initial phase of cadmium action. Biol Plant 55:112–118.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-011-0015-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maksymiec W, Krupa Z (2007) Effects of methyl jasmonate and excess copper on root and leaf growth. Biol Plant 51:322–326.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-007-0062-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maksymiec W, Wianowska D, Dawidowicz AL et al (2005) The level of jasmonic acid in Arabidopsis thaliana and Phaseolus coccineus plants under heavy metal stress. J Plant Physiol 162:1338–1346.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2005.01.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Moravcova S, Tuma J, Ducaiova ZK et al (2018) Influence of salicylic acid pretreatment on seeds germination and some defence mechanisms of Zea mays plants under copper stress. Plant Physiol Biochem 122:19–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2017.11.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mostofa MG, Fujita M (2013) Salicylic acid alleviates copper toxicity in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings by up-regulating antioxidative and glyoxalase systems. Ecotoxicology 22:959–973.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-013-1073-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Müller B, Sheen J (2007) Advances in cytokinin signaling. Science 318:68–69.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1145461 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ouzounidou G, Čiamporová M, Moustakas M, Karataglis S (1995) Responses of maize (Zea mays L.) plants to copper stress—I. Growth, mineral content and ultrastructure of roots. Environ Exp Bot 35:167–176.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-8472(94)00049-B CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Palma JM, Sandalio LM, Javier Corpas F et al (2002) Plant proteases, protein degradation, and oxidative stress: role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiol Biochem 40:521–530.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01404-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Perez Chaca MV, Vigliocco A, Reinoso H et al (2014) Effects of cadmium stress on growth, anatomy and hormone contents in Glycine max (L.) Merr. Acta Physiol Plant 36:2815–2826.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-014-1656-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Perfus-Barbeoch L, Leonhardt N, Vavasseur A, Forestier C (2002) Heavy metal toxicity: cadmium permeates through calcium channels and disturbs the plant water status. Plant J Cell Mol Biol 32:539–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pielichowska M, Wierzbicka M (2004) Uptake and localization of cadmium by Biscutella laevigata, a cadmium hyperaccumulator. Acta Biol Cracoviensia Ser Bot 46:57–63Google Scholar
  38. Piotrowska-Niczyporuk A, Bajguz A, Zambrzycka-Szelewa E, Bralska M (2018) Exogenously applied auxins and cytokinins ameliorate lead toxicity by inducing antioxidant defence system in green alga Acutodesmus obliquus. Plant Physiol Biochem 132:535–546.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.09.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ribeiro DM, Desikan R, Bright J et al (2009) Differential requirement for NO during ABA-induced stomatal closure in turgid and wilted leaves. Plant Cell Environ 32:46–57.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2008.01906.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rubio MI, Escrig I, Martínez-Cortina C et al (1994) Cadmium and nickel accumulation in rice plants. Effects on mineral nutrition and possible interactions of abscisic and gibberellic acids. Plant Growth Regul 14:151–157.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00025217 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schulz E, Tohge T, Zuther E et al (2016) Flavonoids are determinants of freezing tolerance and cold acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Sci Rep 6:34027.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Semida WM, Rady MM, Abd El-Mageed TA et al (2015) Alleviation of cadmium toxicity in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants by the exogenous application of salicylic acid. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 90:83–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sharma SS, Kumar V (2002) Responses of wild type and abscisic acid mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana to cadmium. J Plant Physiol 159:1323–1327.  https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00601 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sheldon AR, Menzies NW (2005) The effect of copper toxicity on the growth and root morphology of Rhodes Grass (Chloris gayana Knuth.) in resin buffered solution culture. Plant Soil 278:341–349.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-8815-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sinha P, Shukla AK, Sharma YK (2015) Amelioration of heavy-metal toxicity in cauliflower by application of salicylic acid. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 46:1309–1319.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2015.1033543 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Srivastava S, Srivastava AK, Suprasanna P, D’Souza SF (2013) Identification and profiling of arsenic stress-induced microRNAs in Brassica juncea. J Exp Bot 64:303–315.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers333 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sugawara S, Mashiguchi K, Tanaka K et al (2015) Distinct characteristics of indole-3-acetic acid and phenylacetic acid, two common auxins in plants. Plant Cell Physiol 56:1641–1654.  https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcv088 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Umehara M, Hanada A, Yoshida S et al (2008) Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormones. Nature 455:195–200.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07272 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Veselov DS, Kudoyarova GR, Kudryakova NV, Kusnetsov VV (2017) Role of cytokinins in stress resistance of plants. Russ J Plant Physiol 64:15–27.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443717010162 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Vishwakarma K, Upadhyay N, Kumar N et al (2017) Abscisic acid signaling and abiotic stress tolerance in plants: a review on current knowledge and future prospects. Front Plant Sci.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00161 Google Scholar
  51. Wellburn A (1994) The spectral determination of chlorophyll-a and chlorophhyll-B, as well. J Plant Physiol 144:307–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wilkinson S, Davies WJ (2010) Drought, ozone, ABA and ethylene: new insights from cell to plant to community. Plant Cell Environ 33:510–525.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02052.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Shinozaki K (2006) Transcriptional regulatory networks in cellular responses and tolerance to dehydration and cold stresses. Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:781–803.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105444 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yang Z, Chen J, Dou R et al (2015) Assessment of the phytotoxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles on two crop plants, maize (Zea mays L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int J Environ Res Public Health 12:15100–15109.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121214963 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhu XF, Wang ZW, Dong F et al (2013) Exogenous auxin alleviates cadmium toxicity in Arabidopsis thaliana by stimulating synthesis of hemicellulose 1 and increasing the cadmium fixation capacity of root cell walls. J Hazard Mater 263 Pt 2:398–403.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.09.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarka Reckova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jiri Tuma
    • 1
  • Petre Dobrev
    • 2
  • Radomira Vankova
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Hradec KraloveHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental BotanyThe Czech Academy of SciencesPraha 6Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations