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Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 401–411 | Cite as

Role of 1-MCP in regulating ‘Kensington Pride’ mango fruit softening and ripening

  • Kashif Razzaq
  • Zora Singh
  • Ahmad Sattar Khan
  • Shamim Ahmed Kamal Uddin Khan
  • Sami Ullah
Original paper

Abstract

Ripening of mango fruit is characterized by softening of flesh which limits its shelf life. 1-MCP is nontoxic gas that delays fruit softening and improves quality of several fruit. Therefore, the role of 1-MCP in regulating fruit softening and quality of ‘Kensington Pride’ mango was investigated. Physiological mature fruits treated with 1-MCP (1 mL L−1), ethylene (10 mL L−1) or 1-MCP + ethylene for 12 h at ambient condition (20 ± 1 °C). Untreated (control) as well as treated fruits were allowed to ripe at ambient temperature (20 ± 1 °C) for 10 days. Ethylene production, respiration rate and other fruit ripening parameters were determined periodically. Climacteric peaks of ethylene production and respiration rate were significantly supressed by 1-MCP application as compared to ethylene-treated and control fruit. Exogenous application of ethylene accelerated the development of fruit colour, fruit softening with increased activities of exo-PG, endo-PG and EGase enzymes in the pulp tissues. Whereas, activities of fruit softening enzymes were significantly delayed and/or suppressed in 1-MCP-treated fruit. 1-MCP-treated fruit showed improved rheological properties (i.e., firmness, springiness and stiffness), decreased level of citric acid, malic acid, succinic acid, total organic acids, total sugars and sucrose than other treatments. 1-MCP inhibited the activities of fruit softening enzymes which consequently delayed the ripening and ripening related changes in ‘Kensington Pride’ mango.

Keywords

1-Methylcyclopropene Ethylene Fruit softening Mango Organic acids Sugars 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Mr. Kashif Razzaq gratefully acknowledges the Higher Education Commission, Islamabad, Government of Pakistan for financial support to study under Indigenous PhD 5000 Batch IV Fellowships Program and also international research support initiative programme (IRSIP) at Curtin University, Australia. We thank Dr. Alan Payne for synthesis of 1-MCP for this experiment and Ms. Susan M Petersen for technical support.

Supplementary material

10725_2015_101_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kashif Razzaq
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zora Singh
    • 1
  • Ahmad Sattar Khan
    • 2
  • Shamim Ahmed Kamal Uddin Khan
    • 1
  • Sami Ullah
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Curtin Horticulture Research Laboratory, Department of Environment and Agriculture, School of ScienceCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Postharvest Research and Training Centre, Institute of Horticultural SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of AgricultureMultanPakistan

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