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Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 63–74 | Cite as

Physiological responses of kiwifruit plants to exogenous ABA under drought conditions

  • Yanlei Wang
  • Fengwang MaEmail author
  • Mingjun Li
  • Dong Liang
  • Jun Zou
Original paper

Abstract

We studied the physiological responses to abscisic acid (ABA) when 2-year-old potted plants of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) were grown under moisture stress. Leaves treated with 60 μM exogenous ABA through various means had less severe damage when water was limiting, and sprayed plants showed relatively greater drought resistance. This indicates that ABA improves tolerance in kiwifruit, reducing membrane permeability and enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes, e.g., peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and glutathione reductase (GR). Exposure to ABA led to higher levels of antioxidants, such as ABA and glutathione (GSH), while altering the amounts of endogenous hormones—ABA, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and Gibberellin (GA)—and organic oxalate, malate, and citrate in the leaves. Although daily applications of ABA were more effective than a single spray event, the effect of treatment, i.e., avoiding tissue damage and increasing plant resistance, was more apparent on Day 4 than on Day 6. No difference in response was apparent between control plants (regular irrigation) and those sprayed with ABA on Day 4 of the drought period.

Keywords

Abscisic acid Actinidia deliciosa Drought Physiological characteristics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by National Science and Technology Project (2007BAD79B05) and Talent Support Program of Northwest A&F University. The authors are grateful to Mr Xuanchang Fu for field management on the kiwifruit plants.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanlei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fengwang Ma
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mingjun Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dong Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Zou
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of HorticultureNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Germplasm Resource Utilization in Northwest ChinaYanglingChina

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