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Plant Growth Regulation

, 55:221 | Cite as

Effects of plant growth regulators and sucrose on post harvest physiology, membrane stability and vase life of cut spikes of gladiolus

  • Alka Singh
  • Jitendra Kumar
  • Pushpendra Kumar
Original Paper

Abstract

Effects of post-harvest application of two plant growth regulators viz., gibberellic acid (GA3) and benzyl adenine (BA) with sucrose in the vase solution on cell membrane stability and vase life of gladiolus were investigated. The vase solution treatment combinations of GA3 and BA with sucrose significantly increased the membrane stability index and enhanced the vase life as compared to the sucrose alone treatments or the controls. Vase solution treatment of GA3 (50 mg l−1), followed by BA (50 mg l−1) with sucrose (50 g l−1) significantly increased solution uptake, fresh weight and dry weight of cut spikes. The same treatments also enhanced the concentration of reducing and non-reducing sugars in gladioli petals 4 days after treatment (DAT). Cut spikes in vase solution enriched with 50 mg l−1 GA3 + 50 g l−1 sucrose showed higher antioxidative enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR), lower lipoxygenase (LOX) activity and lipid peroxidation (measured as TBARS). Petal membrane stability index was also highest in cut spikes 6 DAT with 50 mg l−1 GA3 + 50 g l−1 sucrose vase solution. Treatment of gladiolus cut spikes with 50 mg l−1 GA3 + 50 g l−1 sucrose vase solution showed two fold increase in vase life and improved flower quality with a higher number of open flower per spike at any one time. These results suggest that post-harvest application of GA3 (50 mg l−1) with sucrose (50 g l−1) maintains higher spike fresh and dry weight, improves anti-oxidative defence, stabilizes membrane integrity leading to a delay in petal cell death.

Keywords

Benzyladenine Gibberellic acid Glutathione reductase Superoxide dismutase Lipoxygenase TBARS Membrane stability index Post-harvest Vase life 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are thankful to Dr. M. U. Charaya, Reader, CCS University, Meerut, UP, India for critically going through the manuscript and giving suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Floriculture & Landscaping, ACHFN.A.U.NavsariIndia
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureC.C.S. UniversityMeerutIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyS.V.B.P.U.A & TMeerutIndia

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