Advertisement

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 62, Issue 2, pp 265–273 | Cite as

Distribution and ecological diversity of Aegilops L. in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Regions of Azerbaijan

  • Mahammad Eldarov
  • Naib Aminov
  • Michiel van Slageren
Research Article

Abstract

Expeditions were conducted in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Regions of Azerbaijan in June–July, 2013. A total of 50 Aegilops L. accessions representing eight (two diploid and six tetraploid) species were collected in the 30 locations of the explored regions, and the eco-geographical characteristics of collection sites were recorded. Plant and germplasm collections were made by following established practice, and descriptors were compiled. Exploration on the right side the Girdman River near the village of Padar in the region of Greater Caucasus resulted in samples of Ae. umbellulata Zhuk. with different spike colours. The rarest species in the studied area were Ae. kotschyi Boiss., Ae. neglecta Req. ex Bertol. and Ae. columnaris Zhuk. The most widely distributed species among the diploid species was Ae. tauschii Coss., and among the tetraploid species were Ae. cylindrica Host, Ae. biuncialis Vis. and Ae. triuncialis L. The distribution and environmental condition data of Aegilops L. species in Azerbaijan will provide valuable information for the future collection, conservation and the genetic resource management for this region of Azerbaijan.

Keywords

Aegilops Diversity Eco-botanical Species–environment relationship 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first author is grateful for the reception of an Erasmus Mundus (ALRAKIS II) Scholarship and for the opportunity to work at the University of Göttingen, Germany, under the supervision of Prof. Dr Markus Hauck and Dr Choimaa Dulamsuren.

References

  1. Aminov NX, Aliyeva AJ (2012) The genetic interrelations between Aegilops L and Triticum L. species. Genetic Resources Institute of ANAS. Elm, Baku, pp 1–450 (in Azerbaijani)Google Scholar
  2. Dorofeev VF, Migushova EF (1966) Botanical diversity of Aegilops L. in Transcaucasia Byull Vsesoyuzn Ord Lenina Inst Rasteniev NI Vavilova 38(2):152–158 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Dorofeev VF, Migushova EF (1969) Botanical composition of Caucasian Aegilops explored by Plant Industry expedition. Byull Vsesoyuzn Ord Lenina Inst Rasteniev NI Vavilova 40(2):118–125 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Dorofeev VF, Migushova EF (1971) Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. in Transcaucasia Byull Vsesoyuzn Ord Lenina Inst R Rasteniev NI Vavilova 19:3–7 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Dorofeev VF, Migushova EF (1973) The populations of Aegilopses in the Transcaucasia Byull Vsesoyuzn Ord Lenina Inst Rasteniev NI Vavilova 50:205–215 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Eig A (1929a) Monographisch-kritische Übersicht der Gattung Aegilops. Feddes Repert., Beih 55:1–228, Tab. I–XVIIIGoogle Scholar
  7. Eig A (1929b) Amblyopyrum Eig. A new genus separated from the genus Aegilops. PZE Inst Agric Nat Hist Agric Rec 2:199–204Google Scholar
  8. Fomin A, Voronov Y (1909) Opredelitel rasteniy Kavkaza i Krima. Izdatel’stvo Tiflisskogo Botanicheskogo Sada (Plant determinant of Caucasus and Crimea, Ed. Tbilisi Botanical Garden) 1:1–331Google Scholar
  9. Gandilyan PA, Harutunyan MG (1987) New information about Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. in Subcaucasus. Biol J Armen 40(6):475–478 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Grossheim AA (1939) Flora Kavkaza, 2nd edn, vol 1. Polypodiaceae–Gramineae (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Haider N (2012) Evidence for the origin of the B genome of bread wheat based on chloroplast DNA. Turk J Agric For 36:13–25 TÜBİTAKGoogle Scholar
  12. Hammer K (1980) Vorarbeiten zur monographischen Darstellung von Wildpflanzensortimenten: Aegilops L. Kulturpflanze 28:3–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harlan JR, De Wet JMJ (1971) Toward a rational classification of cultivated plants. Taxon 20:509–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karjagin II (1950) Flora of Azerbaijan 1. Baku, Azerbaijan: 334–339 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Lipsky VI (1899) Flora Kavkaza (Flora of Caucasus) Gerolda, S. Petersburg-Trudy Tiflissk Bot Sada 4(1):1–584Google Scholar
  16. Mammadov GSh, Khalilov MY (2005) Ecology and protection of environment. Elm, Baku, pp 1–880 (in Azerbaijani)Google Scholar
  17. Marais GF, McCallum B, Marais SA (2006) Leaf rust and stripe rust resistance genes derived from Aegilops sharonensis. Euphytica 149:373–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Musayev SG (1991) Cereals of Azerbaijan. Elm, Baku, pp 1–420 (in Azerbaijani)Google Scholar
  19. Mustafayev ID (1961) Research materials for study wheats, ryes, barleys and Aegilopses of Azerbaijan (Results of expedition surveys), Baku, pp 1–95Google Scholar
  20. Mustafayev ID, Aminov NX (1972) New form of Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. Materials 2 VOGIS Congress, Moscow. p 23Google Scholar
  21. Sankary MN (1990) Ecogeographical survey of Aegilops in Syria. In: Srivastava JP, Damania AB (eds) Wheat genetic resources: meeting diverse needs. Wiley, Chichester, UK, pp 147–159Google Scholar
  22. Schmalhausen JTh (1897) Flora ssrednej I jushnoi Rossii [Flora of central and southern Russia] 2:i–xvi, 1–752Google Scholar
  23. Shahgedanova M, Hagg W, Zacios M, Popovnin V (2009) An assessment of the recent past and future climate, glacier retreat, and runoff in the Caucasus region using dynamical and statistical downscaling. In: Groisman P, Ivanov S (eds) Selected papers at the joint Northern Eurasia earth science partnership initiative (NEESPI) and the NATO advanced research workshop on regional aspects of climate terrestrial–hydrologic interactions. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series-C: Environmental Security. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 63–72Google Scholar
  24. Takhtajan AL (ed.-in-ch.), Menitsky YL, Popova TN (eds) (2006) Caucasian flora conspectus. St. Petersburg University Press, St. Petersburg [Izdatel’stvo Sankt Peterburgskogo Universiteta, St. Peterburg], pp 1–467Google Scholar
  25. Tsunewaki K, Mukai Y (1990) Wheat haploids through the Salmon method. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Wheat. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag, 13:460–478Google Scholar
  26. van Slageren MW (1994) Wild Wheats: A monograph of Aegilops L. and Amblyopyrum (Jaub. & Spach) Eig (Poaceae). Wageningen Agric Univ Pap 94(7):i–xiv, 1–512 (joint publication of Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands, and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria)Google Scholar
  27. Zaharieva M, Prosperi J-M, Monneveux P (2004) Ecological distribution and species diversity of Aegilops L. genus in Bulgaria. Biodivers Conserv 13:2319–2337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhukovsky PM (1928) Kritiko-systematischeskii obzor vydov roda Aegilops L. (Specierum generis Aegilopis L. revisio critica). Trudy Prikl Bot 18(1): 417–609 (in Russian with English summary on pp 584–609)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahammad Eldarov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naib Aminov
    • 1
  • Michiel van Slageren
    • 3
  1. 1.Genetic Resources Institute of the ANASBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, Plant Ecology and Ecosystem ResearchUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.Millennium Seed Bank PartnershipRoyal Botanic GardensWest SussexUK

Personalised recommendations