Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 1131–1146 | Cite as

Characterization of a landrace collection for Tomàtiga de Ramellet (Solanum lycopersicum L.) from the Balearic Islands

  • J. Bota
  • M. À. Conesa
  • J. M. Ochogavia
  • H. Medrano
  • D. M. Francis
  • J. Cifre
Research Article


Tomàtiga de Ramellet (Ramellet) is a traditional long-storage tomato from the Mediterranean Islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Eivissa (Ibiza), and Formentera (Balearic Islands). To investigate the observed phenotypic and shelf life variability within local varieties, we studied 142 accessions characterized as Ramellet varieties, and 29 accessions representing other local varieties. The 171 accessions constitute a new germplasm collection at the University of Balearic Islands (UIB). The evaluation of the collection demonstrated wide variability in most agronomic, morphological and quality traits of Ramellet accessions and clearly differentiates them from other local varieties with respect to fruit shape, size, fruit composition, and fruit storage. All accessions of Ramellet evaluated have the ripening mutation alcobaça (alc), suggesting an important role for this variant in controlling shelf life. Results of evaluation also showed wide variability between the Ramellet accessions for storage time, suggesting that other traits like fruit size and composition may play a role in fruit conservation. Observed variation within the Ramellet accessions is consistent with a genetically variable population or landrace group. The establishment of this collection will help prevent genetic erosion of this local landrace group and constitute a resource for future investigation and breeding.


Collection characterization Genetic diversity Genetic resources Mediterranean tomato landraces Solanumlycopersicum 



This work was supported by the BIA20/07 project of the Government of the Balearic Islands. We are grateful to all the people selflessly giving us fruit and seed to constitute the Ramellet UIB seed collection, which may help in preserving this particular tomato populations selected for centuries by our ancestors. We also thank all the UIB staff and people involved in the field experiments for Ramellet characterization.

Supplementary material

10722_2014_96_MOESM1_ESM.xls (250 kb)
Supplementary material 1: Identification, production parameters, fruit conservation data and morphological traits for the tomato germplasm collection, including 32 Tomato Analyzer parameters (XLS 250 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bota
    • 1
  • M. À. Conesa
    • 2
  • J. M. Ochogavia
    • 2
  • H. Medrano
    • 2
  • D. M. Francis
    • 3
  • J. Cifre
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut de Recerca i Formació Agrària i Pesquera (IRFAP)Conselleria d’Agricultura Medi Ambient i Territori, Govern de les Illes BalearsPalmaSpain
  2. 2.Grup de Recerca en Biologia de les Plantes en Condicions MediterràniesUniversitat de les Illes Balears (UIB)PalmaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development CenterThe Ohio State UniversityWoosterUSA

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