Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 59, Issue 8, pp 1899–1906 | Cite as

Characterization of Vitis cinerea Engelm. ex Millardet fruits from the southern region of the State of Mexico, Mexico

  • Omar Franco-Mora
  • Sara Aguirre-Ortega
  • Andrés González-Huerta
  • Álvaro Castañeda-Vildózola
  • Edgar Jesús Morales-Rosales
  • Delfina de Jesús Pérez-López
Notes on Neglected and Underutilized Crops

Abstract

The berries of eight plants of Vitis cinerea Engelm. ex Millardet growing in the mountains of the southern region of the State of Mexico, Mexico, during 2008–2010 (three seasons) were characterized according to the IPGRI descriptor. In addition, the fruit phenolics, total and reducing sugars and total soluble solids (TSS) were determined. Plant 169 produced over 100 fruits per bunch, with a berry weight of 0.32 g; these fruits presented an increased TSS value (20.4°B). The fruit phenolic content was increased in the berries of all the plants (at least 3 mg g−1 fresh weight) compared with the values reported for the commercial cultivars. Principal components 1 and 2 explained nearly 65 % of the observed variance. According to the biplot analysis, three groups were formed. Plants 169 and 183 were correlated with fruits per bunch, seeds per 10 fruits, the weight of berries per bunch, TSS, total sugars, bunch width and length. Plants 176, 188 and 129 were correlated with phenols, reducing sugars, seed weight in 10 fruits, seed length, the weight of 10 fruits, the weight of 100 seeds, and fruit and seed width. Additionally, plants 148, 180 and 184 were associated with peduncle length.

Keywords

Conservation Fruit phenolics Plant genetic resource Red grapes Sugar content Vitis cinerea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was financially supported by grants from the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (UAEM), the Mexican Ministry of Agriculture (SAGARPA) through the Sistema Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos (SINAREFI), and the Mexican Ministry of Education (SEP/PROMEP) for CA UAEM-127. S. Aguirre-Ortega was a fellow of the Mexican Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omar Franco-Mora
    • 1
  • Sara Aguirre-Ortega
    • 1
  • Andrés González-Huerta
    • 2
  • Álvaro Castañeda-Vildózola
    • 2
  • Edgar Jesús Morales-Rosales
    • 2
  • Delfina de Jesús Pérez-López
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Horticultura, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Fitomejoramiento, Facultad de Ciencias AgrícolasUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoTolucaMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias AgrícolasUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoTolucaMexico

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