Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 789–798 | Cite as

Diversity and structure of a sample of traditional Italian and Spanish tomato accessions

  • Santiago García-Martínez
  • Giandomenico Corrado
  • Juan José Ruiz
  • Rosa Rao
Research Article

Abstract

Italy and Spain are the countries with the oldest record of tomato cultivation in Europe and arguably, with the higher number of traditional and heirloom varieties. In this work we evaluated the genetic diversity and structure in a sample of 26 cultivated accessions belonging to four traditional tomato types, Muchamiel and De la Pera from Spain, and San Marzano and Sorrento from Italy. The (GATA)4 fingerprinting of the 109 genotypes confirmed the ability of this DNA marker to discriminate tomato plants that are otherwise difficult to distinguish. Furthermore, both the estimated population structure and the genetic differentiation statistics were consistent in indicating that subpopulations are more likely to correspond to farmers’ breeding efforts and market specialization than to country-specific groups. Our results provide useful information not only for germplasm description and management but also for current breeding programs in both regions.

Keywords

De la Pera (GATA)4 Muchamiel San Marzano Solanum lycopersicum Sorrento 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by the Spanish MICINN through projects AGL2008-03822, AGL2011-26957, and IT2009-0005.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santiago García-Martínez
    • 1
  • Giandomenico Corrado
    • 2
  • Juan José Ruiz
    • 1
  • Rosa Rao
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied BiologyMiguel Hernández UniversityOrihuelaSpain
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze del Suolo, della Pianta, dell’Ambiente e delle Produzioni AnimaliUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico IIPorticiItaly

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