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The origin of Datura metel (Solanaceae): genetic and phylogenetic evidence

  • Mario Luna-Cavazos
  • Robert ByeEmail author
  • Meijun Jiao
Research Article

Abstract

Using the analysis of nine isozyme systems and cladistic analysis of 32 morphological characters of the Mexican species of the section Dutra of the genus Datura, evidence was sought on the origin of the cultivated D. metel L. The genetic similarity and the phylogenetic relationship suggest that D. metel is related more closely to D. inoxia Mill. than to the other taxa of the section Dutra based upon the small genetic distance between them. The cladistic analysis revealed two main clades: the long-lived, tuberous rooted perennials (D. inoxia, D. lanosa A.S. Barclay ex Bye, D. metel, and D. wrightii Regel) and the tap-rooted annuals (D. discolor Bernh., D. kymatocarpa A.S. Barclay, D. leichhardtii F.V. Muell. ex Benth. ssp. pruinosa (Greenm.) Barclay ex Hammer (syn.: D. pruinosa Greenm.), D. reburra A.S. Barclay). Datura inoxia is the sister taxon of D. metel next to which is D. wrightii while D. lanosa is the basal taxon of this group. The combination of genetic and cladistic data indicates that D. inoxia is most likely the progenitor of D. metel.

Keywords

Datura metel Domesticated plant Isozymes Mexico Phylogeny Solanaceae 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Alfredo Cervantes, Fernando Chiang, Patricia Dávila, Alfonso Delgado, Patricia Escalante, Victor Fuentes, Les Landrum, Gary Nabhan, Juan Nuñez-Farfán, Porfirio Ramírez, David Spooner, Oswaldo Tellez, and John Turrell for their suggestions and helpful reviews during the development of this work. We acknowledge the bibliographic, field, and technical assistance of José Arellano, Jennifer Bain, Francisco Basurto, Bruce Bartholomew, Germán Bojórquez, Lourdes Carmona, Rafael Corral, Carlos Díaz, Francisco Felix, Oscar Ferrera, Raymundo García, Martín Hilerio, Elia Herrera, Ma. Antonieta Isidro, Edelmira Linares, Rigoberto López, Gilberto Márquez, Miguel Ángel Martínez, Myrna Mendoza, Gustavo Morales, Eduardo Palacios, Isaac Reyes, Lourdes Rico, Joel Rodríguez, Victoria Sosa, Richard Spellenberg, Miguel Trejo, and Hugh Wilson. The main electrophoresis works were carried out at the Laboratory of Electrophoresis of Instituto de Biología de la UNAM; special thanks go to Fernando Cervantes and members of his group. Nidia Pérez from the Instituto de Ecología de la UNAM provided initial guidance for electrophoresis techniques. Partial financial support for this work was provided by Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (Project 088), International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (“Bioactive agents from dryland biodiversity of Latin America” grant U01 TW 00316 from the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, and USAID), and Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. CONACYT provided partial scholarship support to Mario Luna-Cavazos. Dirección General de Asuntos del Personal Académico de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México provided a partial scholarship to Meijun Jiao.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de BotánicaColegio de PostgraduadosTexcocoMexico
  2. 2.Jardín Botánico, Instituto de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexicoMexico

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