Advertisement

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 55, Issue 8, pp 1257–1266 | Cite as

Collection and morphological characterization of Lagenaria siceraria germplasm from the Mediterranean region of Turkey

  • H. Yetişir
  • M. Şakar
  • S. Serçe
Research Article

Abstract

The landraces of Lagenaria siceraria in Turkey show great diversity for morphologic traits, particularly in fruit size and shape even though Turkey is not centre of genetic diversity for L. siceraria. In Turkey, L. siceraria is used as food, musical instruments and containers, according to the type and shape of their fruits. Its diversity has been gradually declining over the last 25 years. With the aim of assessing variations in plant, fruit and seed morphology among the L. siceraria landraces, 15 field trips for collection of germplasm to southern parts of Turkey (Mediterranean region) were carried out in the period of 2003–2004. The study also aimed at developing a representative core collection of the material to guide future studies and uses concerning its existing genetic diversity in Turkey. A total of 182 accessions (fruits and/or seeds) were collected. The seeds from all the sample material were sown in green house conditions at the experimental station of the Faculty of Agriculture of the Mustafa Kemal University in Hatay (Antakya), (36° 18′ 22′′ N, 36° 13′ 33′′ E, 82 m). In the spring of 2004, 162 out of the 182 sown seeds germinated and developed into viable seedlings. These were further transplanted in the field in 10 replicates. The morpho-agronomic characterization was carried out following the international standards for crop descriptors set by Bioversity International. The data were subject to both descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis by Principle Component Analysis. The descriptive statistics revealed that the whole collection exhibits a great deal of morphological diversity and that the subset core collection represents most of the variability. The first three principle components, calculated by using six quantitative traits, explained 26%, 21% and 17% (a total of 64%) of the total variation. Among the studied accessions, no apparently distinct patterns such as geographical origin were detected. This may suggest that the accessions have been introduced to Turkey from multiple locations and/or their diversity had been distributed almost evenly across the Mediterranean region of this country. Based on our results from the morphological characterization, 30 genotypes were selected to develop a subgroup (core) collection in order to represent most of the genetic diversity of all accessions. The work presented here is the first report about morphological characterization of Turkish L. siceraria germplasm.

Keywords

Bottle gourd Core collection Cucurbitaceae Genetic diversity Germplasm collection Lagenaria siceraria Morphological characterization Rootstock White flower 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge the financial supports from the Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey (TOGTAG-3216) and Mustafa Kemal University.

References

  1. Ashita E (1927) Grafting of watermelons (in Japanese). Korea (Chosun) Agric Newsl 1–9Google Scholar
  2. Bioversity International (2007) Guidelines for the development of crop descriptor lists. Bioversity Technical Bulletin Series. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. xii+72 p. ISBN: 978-92-9043-792-1Google Scholar
  3. Bose TK, Som MG (1986) Vegetable crops in India. Publ. B. Mitra, Naya Prokash, 206 Bidhan Sarani, Calcutta 700 006, India, 1664 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Decker-Walters D, Staub J, López-Sésé A, Nakata E (2001) Diversity in landraces and cultivars of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria; Cucurbitaceae) as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Genet Resour Crop Evol 48:369–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Decker-Walters DS, Wilkins-Ellert M, Chung S, Staub JE (2004) Discovery and genetic assessment of wild bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria; (Mol.) Standley; Cucurbitaceae] from Zimbabwe. Econ Bot 58:501–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. GBIF (2007) Catalogue of Life: Annual Checklist, Species 2000 (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://www.data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1542, 18-01-2008
  7. Hammer K, Knüpffer H, Laghetti G, Perrino P (1999) Seeds from the past. A catalogue of crop germplasm in central and north Italy. CNR, Instituto del Germoplasma, Bari, 254 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Harris DR (1967) New light on plant domestication and the origins of agriculture: a review. Geogr Rev 57:90–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Herklots GAC (1972) Vegetables in South East Asia. George Allen and Unwin Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Kılıc S (1999) Soil survey and land use planning of Antakya district by using remote sensing/GIS techniques. Ph.D. thesis, Çukurova University, Inst. Natural and Applied Sci., Adana-Turkey, 214 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee JM (1994) Cultivation of grafted vegetables I. Current status, grafting methods and benefits. HortScience 29:235–239Google Scholar
  12. Manandhar NP (2002) Plants and people of Nepal. Timber Press, Oregon. ISBN: 0-88192-527-6Google Scholar
  13. McGuire RG (1992) Reporting of objective color measurement. HortScience 27:1254–1255Google Scholar
  14. Moerman D (1998) Native American ethnobotany. Timber Press, OregonGoogle Scholar
  15. Morimoto Y, Maundu P, Fujimaki H, Morishima H (2005) Diversity of landraces of the white-flowered gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) and its wild relatives in Kenya: fruit and seed morphology. Genet Resour Crop Evol 52:737–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Oda M (1995) New grafting methods for fruit—bearing vegetables in Japan. JARQ 29:187–198Google Scholar
  17. Sakar M (2004) Characterization of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) genotypes collected from Mediterranean region. University of Mustafa Kemal, Institute of Natural and Applied Science. Master Thesis, Hatay, 74 pGoogle Scholar
  18. SAS Institute (2005) SAS Online Doc, Version 8. SAS Inst., Cary, NCGoogle Scholar
  19. Sensoy S, Buyukalaca S, Abak K (2007) Evaluation of genetic diversity in Turkish melons (Cucumis melo L.) based on phenotypic characters and RAPD markers. Genet Resour Crop Evol 54:1351–1365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tan A, Tan AS (1998) Database management systems for conservation of genetic diversity in Turkey. In: Zencirci N, Kaya Z, Anikster Y, Adams WT (eds) The proceeding of international symposium on in situ conservation of plant genetic diversity, Antalya, Turkey, 4–8 November, 1996Google Scholar
  21. Van Hintum TJL, Brown AHD, Spillane C, Hodgkin T (2000) Core collections of plant genetic resources. IPGRI Technical Bulletin No. 3. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  22. Whitaker TW (1971) Endemism and pre-Columbian migration of bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl. In: Riley CL, Kelley JC, Pennington CW, Runds RL (eds) Man across the sea. University of Texas Pres, Austin, pp 78–218Google Scholar
  23. Yetisir H, Sarı N (2003) Effect of different rootstock on plant growth, yield and quality of watermelon. Aust J Exp Agric 43:1269–1274CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of Mustafa KemalAntakyaTurkey

Personalised recommendations