Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 397–408 | Cite as

Analysis of genetic diversity in a sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) germplasm collection from Tanzania as revealed by AFLP

  • Abdelhameed Elameen
  • Siri Fjellheim
  • Arild Larsen
  • Odd Arne Rognli
  • Leif Sundheim
  • Susan Msolla
  • Esther Masumba
  • Kiddo Mtunda
  • Sonja S. KlemsdalEmail author
Research Article


Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is the fifth most important crop in the developing countries after rice, wheat, maize and cassava. The amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) method was used to study the genetic diversity and relationships of sweet potato accessions in the germplasm collection of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro and Sugarcane Research Institute, Kibaha, Tanzania. AFLP analysis of 97 sweet potato accessions using ten primer combinations gave a total of 202 clear polymorphic bands. Each one of the 97 sweet potato accessions could be distinguished based on these primer combinations. Estimates of genetic similarities were obtained by the Dice coefficient, and a final dendrogram was constructed with the un-weight pair-group method using arithmetic average. AFLP-based genetic similarity varied from 0.388 to 0.941, with a mean of 0.709. Cluster analysis using genetic similarity divided the accessions into two main groups suggesting that there are genetic relationships among the accessions. Principal Coordinate analysis confirmed the pattern of the cluster analysis. Analysis of molecular variance revealed greater variation within regions (96.19%) than among regions (3.81%). The results from the AFLP analysis revealed a relatively low genetic diversity among the germplasm accessions and the genetic distances between regions were low. A maximally diverse subset of 13 accessions capturing 97% of the molecular markers diversity was identified. We were able to detect duplicates accessions in the germplasm collection using the highly polymorphic markers obtained by AFLP, which were found to be an efficient tool to characterize the genetic diversity and relationships of sweet potato accessions in the germplasm collection in Tanzania.


AFLP Genetic diversity Ipomoea batatas Sweet potato 



The authors would like to thank the staff at the germplasm centers of The Sugarcane Research Institute, Kibaha and at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, for their cooperation and for supplying us with sweet potato accessions used in the study. This work has been partly supported by NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, project 021 TARPII-SUA).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelhameed Elameen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Siri Fjellheim
    • 2
  • Arild Larsen
    • 3
  • Odd Arne Rognli
    • 2
  • Leif Sundheim
    • 1
  • Susan Msolla
    • 4
  • Esther Masumba
    • 5
  • Kiddo Mtunda
    • 5
  • Sonja S. Klemsdal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Bioforsk–Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental ResearchPlant Health and Plant Protection Division, Department of Genetics and BiotechnologyAasNorway
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesNorwegian University of Life SciencesAasNorway
  3. 3.Graminor ASIlsengNorway
  4. 4.Department of Crop Science and ProductionSokoine University of AgricultureChuo KikuuTanzania
  5. 5.Root/Tuber Crops ProgrammeSugarcane Research InstituteKibahaTanzania

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