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Glycoconjugate Journal

, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp 701–707 | Cite as

Microanalysis of stomach cancer glycosaminoglycans

  • Amanda Weyers
  • Bo Yang
  • Jong-Hwan Park
  • Yong-Seok Kim
  • Sun-Moon Kim
  • Sang-Eok Lee
  • Fuming Zhang
  • Kyung Bok LeeEmail author
  • Robert J. LinhardtEmail author
Article

Abstract

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGS) are anionic, linear, polysaccharides involved in cell signaling. The GAG content, composition and structure of human tissue have been suggested to play a role in cancer and might provide useful diagnostic or prognostic markers. The current study examines 17 stomach tissue biopsy samples taken from normal individuals and from patients with gastric cancers. An ultrasensitive liquid chromatography (LC) – mass spectrometry assay was applied to individual biopsy samples as small 250 μg providing GAG content and disaccharide composition. The results of these analyses show a significant increase in non-sulfated chondroitin/dermatan sulfate concentration in all cancer samples when compared to normal tissues. In addition in advanced gastric cancer, a significant decrease is observed in hyaluronan.

Keywords

Stomach cancer Glycosaminoglycan Chondroitin sulfate Hyaluronan Disaccharide analysis 

Abbreviations

AGC

Advanced gastric cancer

AMAC

2-aminoacridone

CHAPS

3-[(3-cholamidopropyl) dimethylammonio]-1-propane sulfonate

CS

Chondroitin sulfate

DS

Dermatan sulfate

EGC

Early gastric cancer

ESI

Electrospray ionization

GAG

Glycosaminoglycan

HA

Hyaluronan

HS

Heparan sulfate

LOD

Limit of detection

MWCO

Molecular weight cut-off

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the US National Institutes of Health (grant GM38060) and by (Grant No. 2011-0002726) for Basic Research in Science and Engineering of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Korea (MEST).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Weyers
    • 1
  • Bo Yang
    • 1
  • Jong-Hwan Park
    • 2
  • Yong-Seok Kim
    • 3
  • Sun-Moon Kim
    • 3
  • Sang-Eok Lee
    • 4
  • Fuming Zhang
    • 5
  • Kyung Bok Lee
    • 2
    Email author
  • Robert J. Linhardt
    • 1
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary StudiesRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, College of MedicineKonyang UniversityDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, College of MedicineKonyang University, Konyang HospitalDaejeonKorea
  4. 4.Department of Surgery, College of MedicineKonyang University, Konyang HospitalDaejeonKorea
  5. 5.Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary StudiesRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA
  6. 6.Department of Biology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary StudiesRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA

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