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Glycoconjugate Journal

, Volume 29, Issue 8–9, pp 599–607 | Cite as

Potential roles of N-glycosylation in cell adhesion

  • Jianguo Gu
  • Tomoya Isaji
  • Qingsong Xu
  • Yoshinobu Kariya
  • Wei Gu
  • Tomohiko Fukuda
  • Yuguang Du
Article

Abstract

The functional units of cell adhesion are typically multiprotein complexes made up of three general classes of proteins; the adhesion receptors, the cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, and the cytoplasmic plaque/peripheral membrane proteins. The cell adhesion receptors are usually transmembrane glycoproteins (for example E-cadherin and integrin) that mediate binding at the extracellular surface and determine the specificity of cell-cell and cell-ECM recognition. E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion can be both temporally and spatially regulated during development, and represents a key step in the acquisition of the invasive phenotype for many tumors. On the other hand, integrin-mediated cell-ECM interactions play important roles in cytoskeleton organization and in the transduction of intracellular signals to regulate various processes such as proliferation, differentiation and cell migration. ECM proteins are typically large glycoproteins, including the collagens, fibronectins, laminins, and proteoglycans that assemble into fibrils or other complex macromolecular arrays. The most of these adhesive proteins are glycosylated. Here, we focus mainly on the modification of N-glycans of integrins and laminin-332, and a mutual regulation between cell adhesion and bisected N-glycan expression, to address the important roles of N-glycans in cell adhesion.

Keywords

Bisected N-glycan Cell adhesion E-cadherin N-glycosylation Integrin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partly supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research NO. 21370059 (JG), for Challenging Exploratory Research No. 23651196 (JG) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and by the Academic Frontier Project for Private Universities from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan; and Mizutani Foundation for Glycoscience (JG).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianguo Gu
    • 1
  • Tomoya Isaji
    • 1
  • Qingsong Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshinobu Kariya
    • 1
    • 3
  • Wei Gu
    • 1
  • Tomohiko Fukuda
    • 1
  • Yuguang Du
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Regulatory GlycobiologyTohoku Pharmaceutical UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Dalian Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryFukushima Medical University School of MedicineFukushimaJapan

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