Atom interferometers for gravitational wave detection: a look at a “simple” configuration
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- Tino, G.M. & Vetrano, F. Gen Relativ Gravit (2011) 43: 2037. doi:10.1007/s10714-010-1139-5
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A symmetric Ramsey-Bordé (Mach-Zehnder geometry) atom interferometer is studied as gravitational wave detector under the hypothesis of shot noise limited sensitivity. Full gauge-invariant response function is deduced via ABCD matrices approach and the resulting sensitivity is analyzed in the frequency domain. As an example, a possible use in a specific frequency range is studied in some detail.