General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 387–407 | Cite as

Current status of gravitational wave observations

  • Stephen Fairhurst
  • Gianluca M. Guidi
  • Patrice Hello
  • John T. Whelan
  • Graham Woan
Review Article

Abstract

The first generation of gravitational wave interferometric detectors have taken data at, or close to, their design sensitivity. This data has been searched for a broad range of gravitational wave signatures. An overview of gravitational wave search methods and results are presented. Searches for gravitational waves from unmodelled burst sources, compact binary coalescences, continuous wave sources and stochastic backgrounds are discussed.

Keyword

Gravitational waves 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Rep. Prog. Phys. 72, 076901 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Acernese F. et al.: J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 120, 032007 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Takahashi R.: The TAMA Collaboration: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S403 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lück H. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 23, S71 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Acernese F. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 184001 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Smith J.R.: for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration: Class. Quant. Gravit. 26, 114013 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Accadia T. et al.: J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 203, 012074 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ott C.D. et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 201102 (2006)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ott C.D. et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 261101 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ott C.D. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 24, 139 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Marek A., Janka H.-T., Müller E.: Astron. Astrophys. 496, 475 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baker J.G., Campanelli M., Pretorius F., Zlochower Y.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 24, S25 (2007)MATHMathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pretorius F.: In: Colpi, M., Casella, P., Gorini, V., Moschella, U., Possenti, A. (eds) Physics of Relativistic Objects in Compact Binaries: from Birth to Coalescence, Springer, Heidelberg (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baiotti L., Giacomazzo B., Rezzolla L.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 084033 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hjorth J. et al.: Nature 423, 847 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Campana S. et al.: Nature 442, 1008 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nakar E.: Phys. Rep. 442, 166 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fryer C.L, Woosley S.E., Hartmann D.H.: Astrophys. J. 526, 152 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cannizzo J.K, Gehrels N.: Astrophys. J. 700, 1047 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Duncan R.C., Thompson C.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 392, L9 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Thompson C., Duncan R.C.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 275, 255 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schwartz S.J. et al.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 627, L129 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Andersson N., Kokkotas K.D.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 299, 1059 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Klimenko S., Mitselmakher G.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S1819 (2004)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Klimenko S. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, S114029 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chatterji S. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S1809 (2004)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Clapson A.-C. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 035002 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chatterji S. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 74, 082005 (2006)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cavalier F. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 74, 082004 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Markowitz J., Zanolin M., Cadonati L., Katsavounidis E.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 122003 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Acernese F. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 26, 085009 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Leroy N. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 26, 204007 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Blackburn L. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 184004 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chatterji S.K. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S1809 (2004)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Brady P.R., Creighton J.D.E., Wiseman A.G.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S1775–S1782 (2004)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 102001 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 102002 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Astrophys. J. 681, 1419 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 062004 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Acernese F. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 225001 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Abadie, J., et al.: arXiv:0908.3824 [astro-ph.HE]Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 211102 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Astrophys. J. 701, L68 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 062002 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Weisberg J.M., Taylor J.H.: ASP Conf. Ser. 328, 25 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Cokelaer T., Pathak D.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 26, 045013 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Martel K., Poisson E.: Phys. Rev. D 60, 124008 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Blanchet L.: Liv. Rev. Rel. 9, 3 (2006)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Buonanno A., Iyer B., Ochsner E., Pan Y., Sathyaprakash B.S.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 084043 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Berti E., Cardoso V., Will C.M.: Phys. Rev. D 73, 064030 (2006)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Chandrasekhar S., Detweiler S.: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 344, 441 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Leaver E.W.: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 402, 285 (1985)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Husa S.: Eur. Phys. J. ST 152, 183 (2007)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hannam M.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 26, 114001 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Buonanno A. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 104049 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Damour T., Nagar A.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 024043 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Ajith P. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 24, S689 (2007)MATHMathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Duez M.D. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 104015 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Read J.S. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 79, 124033 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Shibata M., Taniguchi K.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 084015 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Wainstein, L.A., Zubakov, V.D.: Extraction of Signals from Noise. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1962)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Finn, L.S., Chernoff, D.F.: Phys. Rev. D 47, 2198 (2219) (1993)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Allen, B.A., Anderson, W.G., Brady, P.R., Brown, D.A., Creighton, J.D.E.: arXiv:gr-qc/0509116Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Owen B.J.: Phys. Rev. D 53, 6749–6761 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Owen B.J., Sathyaprakash B.S.: Phys. Rev. D 60, 022002 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Babak S. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 23, 5477 (2006)MATHMathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Buonanno, A., Chen, Y., Vallisneri, M.: Phys. Rev. D 67, 104025 (2003). Erratum Phys. Rev. D 74, 029904(E) (2006)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 042002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Pan, Y., Buonanno, A., Chen, Y., Vallisneri, M.: Phys. Rev. D 69, 104017 2004. Erratum Phys. Rev. D742006029905(E)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    van der Sluys M.V. et al.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 688, L61 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Sluys M. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 184011 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Van Den Broeck C. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 024009 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Christensen N., Shawhan P., González G.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 21, S1747 (2004)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Robinson C.A.K., Sathyaprakash B.S., Sengupta A.S.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 062002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Allen B.: Phys. Rev. D 71, 062001 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Rodríguez, A.: Master’s thesis, Louisiana State University (2007)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 062002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Kopparapu, R.K., et al.: arXiv:0706.1283 [astro-ph]Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Abadie, J., et al.: arXiv:1003.2480 [astro-ph.HE]Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 79, 122001 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 047101 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 69, 122001 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Buonanno A., Chen Y., Vallisneri M.: Phys. Rev. D 67, 024016 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 062001 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Robinson, C., for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration: LIGO-G0900596-v2 (2009). http://dcc.ligo.org/cgi-bin/DocDB/ShowDocument?docid=G0900596
  86. 86.
    Abadie, J., et al.: arXiv:1001.0165 [astro-ph.HE]Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Ushomirsky G., Cutler C., Bildsten L.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 319, 902 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Owen B.J.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 211101 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Horowitz C.J., Kadau K.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 191102 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Colaiuda A., Ferrari V., Gualtieri L., Pons J.A.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 385, 2080 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Friedman J.L., Schutz B.F.: Astrophys. J. 222, 281 (1978)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Bildsten L.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 501, L89 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Owen B.J.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 23, S1 (2006)MATHMathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Cutler C., Gholami I., Krishnan B.: Phys. Rev. D 72, 042004 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 69, 082004 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 181103 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 042001 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 683, L45 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Astrophys. J. 713, 671 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 082001 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 082003 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 72, 102004 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 022001 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 79, 022001 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 111102 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 80, 042003 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Frasca, S., for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration: LIGO-G0900712-v1 (2009). http://dcc.ligo.org/cgi-bin/DocDB/ShowDocument?docid=G0900712
  108. 108.
    Knispel B., Allen B.: Phys. Rev. D 78, 044031 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Wette K. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 25, 235011 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Grishchuk L.P.: Sov. Phys. JETP 40, 409 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Grishchuk L.P.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 14, 1445 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Starobinsky A.A.: Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 30, 719 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Kosowsky A., Turner M.S., Watkins R.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2026 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Apreda R., Maggiore M., Nicolis A., Riotto A.: Nucl. Phys. B 631, 342 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Gasperini M., Veneziano G.: Astropart. Phys. 1, 317 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Gasperini M., Veneziano G.: Phys. Rep. 373, 1 (2003)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Buonanno A., Maggiore M., Ungarelli C.: Phys. Rev. D 55, 3330 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Caldwell R.R., Allen B.: Phys. Rev. D 45, 3447 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Damour T., Vilenkin A.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3761 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Damour T., Vilenkin A.: Phys. Rev. D 71, 063510 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Siemens X., Mandic V., Creighton J.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 111101 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Smith T.L. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 73, 123503 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Coward D.M., Burman R.R., Blair D.G.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 329, 411 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Regimbau T., de Freitas Pacheco J.A.: Astron. Astrophys. 376, 381 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Regimbau T., de Freitas Pacheco J.A.: Astron. Astrophys. 447, 1 (2006)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Cyburt R.H. et al.: Astropart. Phys. 23, 313 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Allen B., Romano J.: Phys. Rev. D 59, 102001 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Ballmer S.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 23, S179 (2006)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Mitra S. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 77, 042002 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Abbott B.P. et al.: Nature 460, 990 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Abbott B. et al.: Astrophys. J. 659, 918 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 082003 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Abbott B. et al.: Phys. Rev. D 76, 022001 (2007)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Cella G. et al.: Class. Quant. Gravit. 24, S639 (2007)MATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Fairhurst
    • 1
  • Gianluca M. Guidi
    • 2
  • Patrice Hello
    • 3
  • John T. Whelan
    • 4
  • Graham Woan
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Matematica, Fisica e InformaticaUniversità di Urbino, INFN FirenzeUrbinoItaly
  3. 3.LAL, Universite Paris-Sud, IN2P3/CNRSOrsayFrance
  4. 4.Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation and School of Mathematical SciencesRochester Institute of TechnologyRochesterUSA
  5. 5.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations