General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 41, Issue 8, pp 1865–1886

A modification of Einstein–Schrödinger theory that contains Einstein–Maxwell–Yang–Mills theory

Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10714-009-0757-2

Cite this article as:
Shifflett, J.A. Gen Relativ Gravit (2009) 41: 1865. doi:10.1007/s10714-009-0757-2


The Lambda-renormalized Einstein–Schrödinger theory is a modification of the original Einstein–Schrödinger theory in which a cosmological constant term is added to the Lagrangian, and it has been shown to closely approximate Einstein– Maxwell theory. Here we generalize this theory to non-Abelian fields by letting the fields be composed of d × d Hermitian matrices. The resulting theory incorporates the U(1) and SU(d) gauge terms of Einstein–Maxwell–Yang–Mills theory, and is invariant under U(1) and SU(d) gauge transformations. The special case where symmetric fields are multiples of the identity matrix closely approximates Einstein–Maxwell–Yang–Mills theory in that the extra terms in the field equations are < 10−13 of the usual terms for worst-case fields accessible to measurement. The theory contains a symmetric metric and Hermitian vector potential, and is easily coupled to the additional fields of Weinberg–Salam theory or flipped SU(5) GUT theory. We also consider the case where symmetric fields have small traceless parts, and show how this suggests a possible dark matter candidate.


Einstein–Schrödinger theory Einstein–Straus theory Einstein–Maxwell–Yang–Mills theory Cosmological constant 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsWashington UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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