The Newtonian limit of spacetimes for accelerated particles and black holes

  • Jiří Bičák
  • David KofroňEmail author
Research Article


Solutions of vacuum Einstein’s field equations describing uniformly accelerated particles or black holes belong to the class of boost-rotation symmetric spacetimes. They are the only explicit solutions known which represent moving finite objects. Their Newtonian limit is analyzed using the Ehlers frame theory. Generic spacetimes with axial and boost symmetries are first studied from the Newtonian perspective. The results are then illustrated by specific examples such as C-metric, Bonnor–Swaminarayan solutions, self-accelerating “dipole particles”, and generalized boost-rotation symmetric solutions describing freely falling particles in an external field. In contrast to some previous discussions, our results are physically plausible in the sense that the Newtonian limit corresponds to the fields of classical point masses accelerated uniformly in classical mechanics. This corroborates the physical significance of the boost-rotation symmetric spacetimes.


Newtonian limit Boost-rotation symmetry Exact solutions 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsCharles UniversityPrague 8Czech Republic
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Gravitational PhysicsAlbert Einstein InstituteGolmGermany

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