Transport Infrastructure Monitoring by InSAR and GPR Data Fusion

  • Luca Bianchini CiampoliEmail author
  • Valerio Gagliardi
  • Chiara Clementini
  • Daniele Latini
  • Fabio Del Frate
  • Andrea Benedetto


This study reviews research developments in non-destructive assessment of linear transport infrastructures. The main focus will be on the integration between satellite remote sensing and ground-based techniques. Specifically, the potential of using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and high-frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR) techniques as self-standing and integrated survey methodologies will be discussed. To this effect, an overview on data fusion techniques will be given. The last section of the paper reports recent results achieved by using both GPR systems and the permanent scatterers InSAR technique on a real-life railway.


Data fusion NDT Monitoring Transport infrastructures InSAR GPR Ground penetrating radar Remote sensing Integration 



The license for using the software ENVI SARscape® is granted by the ESA-approved project “STRAIN: Sensing Transport Infrastructures” (EOhops proposal ID 46829). The COSMO-SkyMed StripMap HIMAGE images (CSK® Products) are © of the Italian Space Agency (ASI), delivered under the license to use. Finally, the authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Spartaco Cera for the invaluable support provided in field activities.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luca Bianchini Ciampoli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Valerio Gagliardi
    • 1
  • Chiara Clementini
    • 2
  • Daniele Latini
    • 2
  • Fabio Del Frate
    • 2
  • Andrea Benedetto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringRoma Tre UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Computer Science Engineering (DICII)Tor Vergata University of RomeRomeItaly

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