Surveys in Geophysics

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 387–393

Estimating Global Energy Flow from the Global Upper Ocean


DOI: 10.1007/s10712-011-9167-6

Cite this article as:
Lyman, J.M. Surv Geophys (2012) 33: 387. doi:10.1007/s10712-011-9167-6


The relative significance of short multi-year linear trends in the global integral of 0–700 m ocean heat content anomaly (OHCA) is investigated by examining the overlapping segments of the 16-year OHCA curve from Lyman et al. (Nature 465:334–337, 2010). Segments of 4 years and less are found not to be significantly different from each other or from 0 at the 90% confidence interval. Likewise, short 5- to 7-year segments are not statistically different from each other. Ten-year and longer trends are significant and provide a useful comparison for satellite observations of the radiation imbalance at the top of the atmosphere.


Ocean heat content Top of the atmosphere (TOA) Expendable bathythermograph (XBT) Warming 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric ResearchUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA
  2. 2.NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental LaboratorySeattleUSA

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