Surveys in Geophysics

, 30:561 | Cite as

Depth-Recursive Tomography Along the Eger Rift Using the S01 Profile Refraction Data: Tested at the KTB Super Drilling Hole, Structural Interpretation Supported by Magnetic, Gravity and Petrophysical Data

  • Miroslav Novotný
  • Zuzana Skácelová
  • Jan Mrlina
  • Bedřich Mlčoch
  • Bohuslav Růžek
Article

Abstract

The refraction data from the SUDETES 2003 experiment were used for high-resolution tomography along the profile S01. The S01 profile crosses the zone Erbendorf-Vohenstrauss (ZEV) near the KTB site, then follows the SW–NE oriented Eger Rift in the middle part and continues toward the NE across the Elbe zone and the Sudetic structures as far as the Trans-European Suture Zone. To get the best resolution in the velocity image only the first arrivals of Pg waves with minimum picking errors were used. The previous depth-recursive tomographic method, based on Claerbout’s imaging principle, has been adapted to perform the linearized inversions in iterative mode. This innovative DRTG method (Depth-Recursive Tomography on Grid) uses a regular system of refraction rays covering uniformly the mapped domain. The DRTG iterations yielded a fine-grid velocity model with a required level of RMS travel-time fit and the model roughness. The travel-time residuals, assessed at single depth levels, were used to derive the statistical lateral resolution of “lens-shaped” velocity anomalies. Thus, for the 95% confidence level and 5% anomalies, one can resolve their lateral sizes from 15 to 40 km at the depths from 0 to 20 km. The DRTG tomography succeeded in resolving a significant low-velocity zone (LVZ) bound to the Franconian lineament nearby the KTB site. It is shown that the next optimization of the model best updated during the DRTG iterations tends to a minimum-feature model with sweeping out any LVZs. The velocities derived by the depth-recursive tomography relate to the horizontal directions of wave propagation rather than to the vertical. This was proved at the KTB site where pronounced anisotropic behavior of a steeply tilted metamorphic rock complex of the ZEV unit has been previously determined. Involving a ~7% anisotropy observed for the “slow” axis of symmetry oriented coincidentally in the horizontal SW–NE direction of the S01 profile, the DRTG velocity model agrees fairly well with the log velocities at the KTB site. Comparison with the reflectivity map obtained on the reflection seismic profile KTB8502 confirmed the validity of DRTG velocity model at maximum depths of ~16 km. The DRTG tomography enabled us to follow the relationship of major geological units of Bohemian Massif as they manifested in the obtained P-wave velocity image down to 15 km. Although the contact of Saxothuringian and the Teplá-Barrandian Unit (TBU) is collateral with the S01 profile direction, several major tectonic zones are rather perpendicular to the Variscan strike and so fairly imaged in the S01 cross-section. They exhibit a weak velocity gradient of sub-horizontal directions within the middle crust. In particular, the Moldanubian and TBU contact beneath the Western Krušné hory/Erzgebirge Pluton, the buried contact of the Lusatia unit and the TBU within the Elbe fault zone were identified. The maxima on the 6,100 ms−1 isovelocity in the middle crust delimitated the known ultrabasic Erbendorf complex and implied also two next ultrabasic massifs beneath the Doupovské hory and the České středohoří volcanic complexes. The intermediate mid-crustal P-wave velocity lows are interpreted as granitic bodies. The presented geological model is suggested in agreement with available gravity, aeromagnetic and petrophysical data.

Keywords

Depth-recursive refraction tomography Lateral resolution Correction for anisotropy Low-velocity zones Optimization Bohemian Massif Eger rift German Continental Deep Drilling Project (KTB) Zone Erbendorf-Vohenstrauss (ZEV) Erbendorf complex 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miroslav Novotný
    • 1
  • Zuzana Skácelová
    • 2
  • Jan Mrlina
    • 1
  • Bedřich Mlčoch
    • 2
  • Bohuslav Růžek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsAcademy of Science of Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Czech Geological SurveyPragueCzech Republic

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