Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 91–93 | Cite as

Commentary on “Genetic Programming and Emergence”

  • Moshe SipperEmail author


In “Genetic Programming and Emergence” Banzhaf cogently demonstrates that emergence occurs constantly in genetic programming. I summarize the Emergence Test, which my colleagues and I introduced over a decade ago, which complements and substantiates Banzhaf’s views.


Genetic programming Emergence Emergence test 


  1. 1.
    W. Banzhaf, Genetic programming and emergence. Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.M.A. Ronald, M. Sipper, M.S. Capcarrère, Design, observation, surprise! A test of emergence. Artif. Life 5(3), 225–239 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceBen-Gurion UniversityBeer-ShevaIsrael

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