, Volume 140, Issue 7–9, pp 393–405 | Cite as

Genetic dissection of developmental behavior of grain weight in wheat under diverse temperature and water regimes

  • Shiping Li
  • Chengshe Wang
  • Xiaoping Chang
  • Ruilian JingEmail author


As a quantitatively inherited trait related to high yield potential, grain weight (GW) development in wheat is constrained by abiotic stresses such as limited water supply and high temperature. Data from a doubled haploid population, derived from a cross of (Hanxuan 10 × Lumai 14), grown in four environments were used to explore the genetic basis of GW developmental behavior in unconditional and conditional quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses using a mixed linear model. Thirty additive QTLs and 41 pairs of epistatic QTLs were detected, and were more frequently observed on chromosomes 1B, 2A, 2D, 4A, 4B and 7B. No single QTL was continually active during all stages or periods of grain growth. The QTLs with additive effects (A-QTLs) expressed in the period S1|S0 (the period from the flowering to the seventh day after) formed a foundation for GW development. GW development at these stages can be used as an index for screening superior genotypes under diverse abiotic stresses in a wheat breeding program. One QTL, i.e. Qgw.cgb-6A.2, showed high adaptability for water-limited and heat-stress environments. Many A-QTLs interacted with more than one other QTL in the two genetic models, such as Qgw.cgb-4B.2 interacted with five QTLs, showing that the genetic architecture underlying GW development involves a collective expression of genes with additive and epistatic effects.


Quantitative Trait Locus Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Conditional Analysis Grain Weight Phenotypic Variation Explain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Additive effect QTL

a effect

Additive main effect

aa effect

Epistatic main effect


Drought stress


Doubled haploid lines


Epistatic effect QTL


DS and NT conditions


DS and HS conditions


WW and NT conditions


WW and HS conditions


Grain weight


General high superior line


General less superior line


Hanxuan 10


Heat stress


Heat susceptibility index


Lumai 14


Natural temperature


Phenotypic variation explained


Quantitative trait loci


Superior line


Thousand-grain weight




Additive QTL × environment interaction effect


Epistatic QTL × environment interaction effect


QTL × environment interaction effects



This study was supported by CGIAR Generation Challenge Programme (G7010.02.01) and the National Key Technologies R&D Program (2011ZX08010-005). We thank Professor Robert A. McIntosh (Plant Breeding Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia) for revising the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiping Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Chengshe Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoping Chang
    • 2
  • Ruilian Jing
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid AreasAgronomy College of Northwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm and BiotechnologyMinistry of AgricultureBeijingChina
  3. 3.Wheat Research InstituteShanxi Acadamy of Agricultural ScienceLinfenChina

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