, Volume 137, Issue 1, pp 77–86 | Cite as

Molecular evolution of PKD2 gene family in mammals

  • Chun Ye
  • Huan Sun
  • Wenhu Guo
  • Yuquan Wei
  • Qin Zhou


PKD2 gene encodes a critical cation channel protein that plays important roles in various developmental processes and is usually evolutionarily conserved. In the present study, we analyzed the evolutionary patterns of PKD2 and its homologous genes (PKD2L1, PKD2L2) from nine mammalian species. In this study, we demonstrated the orthologs of PKD2 gene family evolved under a dominant purifying selection force. Our results in combination with the reported evidences from functional researches suggested the entire PKD2 gene family are conserved and perform essential biological roles during mammalian evolution. In rodents, PKD2 gene family members appeared to have evolved more rapidly than other mammalian lineages, probably resulting from relaxation of purifying selection. However, positive selection imposed on synonymous sites also potentially contributed to this case. For the paralogs, our results implied that PKD2L2 genes evolved under a weaker purifying selection constraint than PKD2 and PKD2L1 genes. Interestingly, some loop regions of transmembrane domain of PKD2L2 exhibited higher P N/P S ratios than expected, suggesting these regions are more functional divergent in organisms and worthy of special attention.


PKD2 gene family Mammalian Evolutionary patterns Rodents 



This work was supported by a grant of the National Key Basic Research Program of China to Prof. Qin Zhou (2005CB522506) and a grant of the National Key Basic Research Program of China to academician Yuquan Wei (2004CB518800). The work was also supported by a grant of the S&T Bureau of Sichuan Province to Qin Zhou.

Supplementary material

10709_2009_9352_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (49 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun Ye
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huan Sun
    • 1
  • Wenhu Guo
    • 2
  • Yuquan Wei
    • 1
  • Qin Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, West China Medical School and College of Life ScienceSichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of BioengineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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