, Volume 132, Issue 2, pp 179–186 | Cite as

Karyotypic characterization and genomic organization of the 5S rDNA in Polypterus senegalus (Osteichthyes, Polypteridae)

  • Maria Alessandra Morescalchi
  • Innocenza Liguori
  • Lucia Rocco
  • Aristea Archimandritis
  • Vincenzo Stingo


Polypteridae (Cladistia) is a family of archaic fishes, confined to African freshwaters. On account of their primitiveness in anatomical and morphological characters and mosaic relationships among lower Osteichthyans fishes, they constitute an important subject for the study of evolution in vertebrates. Very little is known about the karyological structure of these species. In this article, a cytogenetic analysis on twenty specimens of Polypterus senegalus (Cuvier, 1829) was performed using both classical and molecular techniques. Karyotype (2n = 36; FN = 72), chromosome location of telomeric sequences (TTAGGG) n , (GATA)7 repeats and ribosomal 5S and 18S rRNA genes were examined by using Ag-NOR, classical C-banding, CMA3 staining and FISH. Staining with Ag-NOR showed the presence of two GC rich NORs on the p arm of the chromosome pair no. 1. CMA3 marked all centromerical and some (no. 1 and no. 14) telomeric regions. FISH with 5S rDNA marked the subtelomeric region of the q arm of the chromosome pair no. 14. FISH with 18S rDNA marked the telomeric region of the p arm of the chromosome pair no. 1, previously marked by Ag-NOR. (GATA)7 repeats marked the subtelomeric regions of all chromosome pairs, with the exclusion of the no. 1, 3 and 14. Hybridization with telomeric probes (TTAGGG) n showed bright signals at the end of all chromosomes. After cloning, the 5SrDNA alignment revealed an organization of sequences made up of two different classes of tandem arrays (5S type I and 5S type II) of different lengths.


FISH (GATA)n repeats Polypteridae Ribosomal genes Telomere 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Alessandra Morescalchi
    • 1
  • Innocenza Liguori
    • 1
  • Lucia Rocco
    • 1
  • Aristea Archimandritis
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Stingo
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della VitaSeconda Università degli Studi di NapoliCasertaItaly

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