Chromosome rearrangements in Pectinidae (Bivalvia: Pteriomorphia) implied based on chromosomal localization of histone H3 gene in four scallops
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Chromosomal structural rearrangement in four scallops, Chlamys farreri (n = 19), Patinopecten yessoensis (n = 19), Chlamys nobilis (n = 16) and Argopecten irradians (n = 16), was studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization using histone H3 gene probes. The results show that histone H3 gene sites differ strikingly with regard to number, location, and intensity among, or even within these species. For example, two histone H3 gene loci were detected on the metaphase chromosomes of P. yessoensis, while one locus was found in the others. In P. yessoensis, differing intensities of hybridization signals were detected between homologues 5 and 11, and within homologue 11. These data suggest that the histone H3 gene is a qualified chromosome marker for the preliminary understanding of the historical chromosomal reconstructing of the Pectinidae family. The variable distribution patterns of the histone H3 gene suggest that gene duplication/diminution as well as chromosome rearrangements by inversion and translocation may have played important roles in the genomic evolution of Pectinidae. We also compiled our present results with former published data regarding the chromosome mapping of rDNAs in species of the Pectinidae family. Such comparative chromosomal mapping should improve our understanding of historical chromosomal reconstructions of modern-day scallops.
KeywordsChromosome rearrangements Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Histone H3 gene Pectinidae
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The authors thank Dr. Ke Bi (University of Guelph, Canada) for critically reviewing the manuscript. This work is supported by grants from Hi-Tech Research and Development Program of China (2005AA603220) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (30300268).
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