Factors influencing willingness to comply with HIV/AIDS prevention measures by female college students in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
- 216 Downloads
With a 2.4 million people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), India is among the countries in the world most vulnerable to the spread of HIV. This study focuses on understanding what makes female college students (ages 18–24) in Kolkata, India willing to comply with HIV/AIDS preventive measures; these students are widely believed to be at low risk of infection with HIV. Through a questionnaire survey, the data used in this study was collected from 232 female students attending five higher education institutes. Multiple regression analysis reveals that religion, household income, perception of whether preventive measures would hamper freedom, and respondents’ perception of the effectiveness of preventive measures all influence the students’ willingness to comply with preventive measures. Based on its findings, the study makes several recommendations to improve HIV/AIDS prevention in Kolkata and West Bengal, India.
KeywordsFemale college students HIV/AIDS preventive measures Modes of HIV transmission Affirmative score Kolkata West Bengal India
- AVERT. (2007). Overview of HIV and AIDS in India. http://www.avert.org/aidsindia.htm.
- AVERT. (2010). India HIV/AIDS Statistics. http://www.avert.org/india-hiv-aids-statistics.htm.
- AVERT. (2012a). Who is affected by HIV and AIDS in India? www.avert.org/hiv-India.htm.
- AVERT. (2012b). Overview of HIV and AIDS in India. www.avert.or/aidsindia.htm.
- Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Bowes, J. E. (1997). Communication and community development for health information: Constructs and models for evaluation. Review prepared for the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region. Seattle.Google Scholar
- Census of India. (2001). Report of census 2001. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.Google Scholar
- Choubey, K. (2007). Epidemic scenario of HIV/AIDS in India. Everyman’s Science, 40(1), 30–35.Google Scholar
- Craddock, S., Kalipeni, E., Oppong, J. R., & Ghosh, J. (2004). Beyond epidemiology: Locating AIDS in Africa. In E. Kalipeni, et al. (Eds.), HIV and AIDS in Africa: Beyond epidemiology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
- Ghosh, D. (2007). Predicting vulnerability of India women to domestic violence incident. Research & Practice Social Sciences, 3(1), 48–72.Google Scholar
- IIPS (International Institute for population Studies) and ORC Macro. (2008). National Family Health Survey, India, 2005–2006: State Reports Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. Mumbai: IIPS.Google Scholar
- MacNaughton, G. (2004). Women’s human rights related to health-care services in the context of HIV/AIDS. Health and Human Rights Working Paper Series No. 5. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
- NACO. (2005). UNGASS India Report. Progress Report on the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. http://aidsdatahub.org/en/india-reference-library/items/12031-ungass-country-progress-report-india-mational-aids-control-organization-india-2005.
- NACO. (2007). Behind the numbers. New survey indicates AIDS epidemic in check, but guard cannot be lowered. NACO News, 3(3). http://www.nacoonline.org/upload/naco%20nesletters/Vol.III%20Issue%203%20-%20Jul-sep/%202007.pdf.
- NACO. (2009). 2008–2009. Annual Report. New Delhi: Department of AIDS Control, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.Google Scholar
- NACO. (2010). ‘Red ribbon express’: National AIDS control programme, phase III, India.Google Scholar
- Pradhan, B., & Sundar, R. (2006). Gender impact of HIV and AIDS in India. A joint study of NCAER-UNDP-NACO.Google Scholar
- Ramasubban, R. (1998). HIV/AIDS in India: Gulf between rhetoric and reality. Economic and Political Weekly, 33(45), 2865–2872.Google Scholar
- Sharma, A. K., Gupta, A., & Aggarwal, O. P. (2001). HIV/AIDS related knowledge, risk perception, attitude and sexual behavior of working women staying in hostels. Indian Journal of Dermatology Venereology & Leprology, 67(1), 21–24.Google Scholar
- Sharma, R. K., & Ranjan, R. (2002). Gender differentials in the knowledge of HIV/AIDS in India: Evidence from RCH-RHS-II. In International conference on AIDS, July 7–12; 14: abstract no. E11401.Google Scholar
- Sirkin, R. M. (1999). Statistics for the social sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Studenmund, A. H. (2006). Using econometrics: A practical guide. Boston: Pearson-Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
- UNAIDS. (1999). Gender and HIV/AIDS: Taking stock of research programmes. Best practice collection. http://www.data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub05/jc419-gender-takingstock_en.pdf.
- UNAIDS. (2010). Outlook Report 2010. Geneva: UNAIDS.Google Scholar
- Vandemoortele, J., & Delamonica, E. (2002). The education vaccine against HIV. Current Issues in Comparative Education, 3(1), 6–13.Google Scholar
- Williams, E. (2005). Asian culture and AIDS. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 12(1), 209–223.Google Scholar