Creating sustainable communities through tenure-mix: the responsibilisation of marginal homeowners in Scotland
- 510 Downloads
The idea that the deprived communities of the UK’s towns and cities are ‘unsustainable’ has been a central theme of government housing policy since New Labour came into power in 1997. The creation of ‘mixed-tenure communities’ has been heralded by some policy makers as a key component of creating sustainable communities by overcoming concentrations of deprivation as well as creating responsible citizens who make few demands on the state. Since devolution, support for owner-occupation has been promoted by both Scottish Labour and SNP regimes as a regeneration tool, and has been included in the Local Housing Strategy of many local authorities in Scotland. Drawing on research in Glasgow, this paper achieves three things. First, it highlights the ethopolitics associated with the identities of owner-occupiers and social rented tenants as skilled or flawed consumers; second, it explores the tools used in recent years to create mixed communities through encouraging owner-occupation; and third, it questions the continued uncritical support of the insertion of owner-occupiers into deprived areas as a regeneration and responsiblisation tool.
KeywordsAffordability Ethopolitics Governance Housing Regeneration
- Allen, C. (2007). Housing market renewal and social class. Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Bauman, Z. (1998). Work, consumerism and the new poor. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Bone, J., Collins, C., Foster, J., Glynn, S., Hodkinson, S., Manley, D., Slater, T. (2007). Firm foundations? A response to the Scottish Government’s Housing Green Paper [online], Accessed 31 October. http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/homes/sglynn/Firm_foundations_final.pdf.
- Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of Taste. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Bramley, G., Morgan, J., & Littlewood, M. (2007). The initial evaluation of the open market homestake pilot. Edinburgh: Communities Scotland.Google Scholar
- CCHPR (Cambridge Centre for Housing, Planning Research). (2008). Low cost home ownership: Affordability, risks and issues. London: Housing Corporation.Google Scholar
- CLG. (2005). Homebuy—expanding the opportunity to own. London ODPM for CLG http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/housing/homebuyexpanding.
- DETR. (2000). Quality and choice: A decent home for all: The housing green paper. London: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.Google Scholar
- Eisenschitz, A., & Gough, J. (1993). The politics of local economic policy: The problems and possibilities of local initiative. Hampshire: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
- Forrest, R., & Murie, A. (1998). Selling the welfare state: The privatisation of public housing. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1980). Truth and power. In C. Gordon (Ed.), Power/knowledge: Selected interview and other writings 1972–1977. London: Tavistock.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (2003). The subject and power. In R. Rabinow & N. Rose (Eds.), The essential foucault: Selections from essential works of Foucault 1954–1984 (pp. 126–144). London and New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
- GCC. (2003a). Glasgow city plan. Glasgow: Glasgow City Council.Google Scholar
- GCC. (2003b). Glasgow’s local housing strategy 2003—2008. Glasgow: Glasgow City Council http://www.local.housingstrategy.glasgow.gov.uk/pdf/lhs_23-04-04.pdf.
- GCC. (2005a). Local housing strategy update 2005. Glasgow: Glasgow City Council.Google Scholar
- GCC. (2005b). The sustainability of publicly promoted owner occupation in Glasgow. Glasgow: Glasgow City Council.Google Scholar
- Gurney, C. (1999a). ‘We’ve got friends who live in council houses’: Power and resistance in home ownership. In J. Hearn & S. Roseneil (Eds.), Consuming cultures: Power and resistance. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Kemeny, J. (1981). The myth of home ownership: Public versus private choices in housing tenure. London: Routledge and Keegan Paul.Google Scholar
- McIntyre, Z. (2007). Mixing it up: Using gentrification as a tool for creating social diversity. In J. E. Klausen & P. Swianiewicz (Eds.), Cities in city regions governing the diversity. Warsaw: Unviersity of Warsaw.Google Scholar
- McIntyre, Z., & McKee, K. (2008). Governance and sustainability in glasgow: Connecting symbolic capital and housing consumption to regeneration. Area, 40(4), 481–490.Google Scholar
- McKee, K. (2009). The responsible tenant and the problem of apathy. Social policy and Society, 8(1), 25–36.Google Scholar
- Miller, P., & Rose, N. (2008). Governing the present. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Newhaven Research and the University of Glasgow. (2008). The credit crunch and the Scottish housing system. Edinburgh: CIH Scotland.Google Scholar
- ODPM. (2005). Planning for mixed communities: A consultation paper on a proposed change to planning policy guidance Note 3: Housing. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.Google Scholar
- Pacione, M. (1998). Britain’s cities, geographies of division in Urban Britain. Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Painter, J. (2005). Governmentality and regional economic spaces. In J. Hillier & E. Rooksby (Eds.), Habitus: A sense of place (2nd ed.). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Raco, M. (2007). Building sustainable communities spatial policy and labour mobility in post-war Britain. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
- Saunders, P. (1990). A nation of home owners. London: Unwin Hyman.Google Scholar
- SE. (2005). Homes for Scotland’s People: A Scottish housing policy statement. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive.Google Scholar
- SEU. (2001). A new commitment to neighbourhood renewal. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
- SG. (2007). Firm foundations: The future of housing in Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.Google Scholar
- SG. (2008). First time buyers. Accessed 31 January ‘09. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Built-environment/Housing/BuyingSelling/lift.
- SG. (2009). Owner occupiers with mortgage difficulties. Accessed 25 January. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Built-Environment/Housing/access/grants/4418.
- Threadgold, S. (2006). Habitus, governmentality and young people’s engagement with September 11. Conference paper presented at Australasian Political Studies Association conference, University of Newcastle 2006.Google Scholar