Contesting Chinatown: Place-making and the Emergence of ‘Ethnoburbia’ in Brisbane, Australia Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Ip, D. GeoJournal (2005) 64: 63. doi:10.1007/s10708-005-3926-1 Abstract
This paper juxtaposes the actual areas of settlement and settlement activities of Chinese migrants in Brisbane’s southern suburbs since the mid-1980s, with the concomitant, ‘government planned’ construction of the city’s Chinatown as an ‘exotic,’ ‘ethnic,’ and ‘cosmopolitan’ landmark. It argues that while the latter, as with Chinatowns in other Australian and world cities, has continued to appropriate the symbols of so-called ‘Chineseness’ to sell the locale to non-Chinese, the former, in recalling the notion of ‘ethnoburbia,’ significantly evinces actual Chinese migrants’ agency and role in place-making. In the process, these migrants have not only established a local, ethnically meaningful environment, but also challenged the still current metonymic Western image of the Chinese as preferring life in ‘ethnic’ urban enclaves that had its origin from early Chinese settlement and fundamentally detached from the lives of other ethnic groups
per se. Indeed greater recognition and comprehension of such locales may go a long way to illustrate that many Chinese living in Australia today do not fit the territorial, place-based identity often associated with them in the imagination of mainstream society. Keywords Chinatown Chinatown Australia Chinese Community Australia Cosmopolitanisation ethnoburbia References Anderson, K. 1990 Chinatown re-oriented: a critical analysis of recent re-development schemes of a Melbourne and Sydney enclave Australian Geographical Studies 28 137 154 CrossRef Google Scholar
Anstee M., 1995:
From Paw Paws to Palm Urns: Immigrant Agency and Southside Postsuburbia in Brisbane. Unpublished Honour’s Thesis. Department of Anthropology and Sociology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Australian Heritage Commission, 2002:
Tracking the Dragon. A Guide for Finding and Assessing Chinese Australian Heritage Places. Australian Heritage Commission, Canberra ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2002Basic Community Profile Australian Government Publishing Service Canberra Google Scholar Blainey, G. 1982The Blainey View Australian Broadcasting Corporation Sydney Google Scholar Brändle, M. 1992Liu, Eddie, The Pre-War Migrants. Reminiscences from a Past Era Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland Brisbane Google Scholar Burnley, I., Murphy, P., Fagan, R. 1997Immigration and Australian Cities Federation Press Sydney Google Scholar Burneley, I.H. 2001The Impact of Immigration on Australia: A Demographic Approach Oxford University Press South Melbourne Google Scholar Chiang, L.-H.N., Hsu, C.J. 2000 Location decisions and economic incorporation of Taiwanese migrants in Sydney Journal of Geographical Science 27 1 20 Google Scholar Chinatown Downtown Brisbane 2004Brisbane Chinatown the Guide Brisbane Marketing Brisbane Google Scholar Choi, C.Y. 1975Chinese Migration and Settlement in Australia Sydney University Press Sydney Google Scholar
Choi P., (n.d.):
The History of Breakfast Creek – Its Relationship to the Chinese People in Brisbane. The Australian Chinese Writers’ Association, Brisbane
Dickie P., 1983: Chinatown: a special city grows in Brisbane’s heart.
Sunday Mail Color October 30
Fisher R., 1988: Old frogs hollow: devoid of interest, or a den of iniquity? In: Brisbane History Group (ed.),
Brisbane in 1888 The Historical Perspective. Brisbane History Group Papers No. 8, Brisbane Gibb, D.M. 1979The Making of White Australia Victoria Historical Association Melbourne Google Scholar
Hay J., 1995:
The Sunday Mail, May 7 Hibbins, R. 2003 Male gender identity among Chinese male migrants: multiple hegemonic masculinities? Louie, K. Low, M. eds. East Asian Masculinities Curzon London Google Scholar
Holliday M., 1982: Brisbane’s Chinatown.
Telegraph November 12 Hsu, J.C. 2003A Survey Research of Contemporary Taiwanese Immigrants in Australia Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee, Taiwan Government Taipei Google Scholar Hsu, J.C., Chiang, L.-H.N. 2004 Factors of space and place in residential location of Taiwanese migrants in Australia Journal of Population Studies 24 81 107 Google Scholar Immigration Reform Group 1962Immigration: Control or Colour Bar? The Background for ‘White Australia’ and a Proposal for Change University of Melbourne Press Melbourne Google Scholar Ip, D. 1993 Reluctant entrepreneurs: professionally qualified Asian migrants in small businesses in Australia Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 2 57 74 Google Scholar Ip, D., et al. 1999 Network as capital: PRC immigrant entrepreneurs in Brisbane Tseng, Y.-F. eds. Asian Migration: Pacific Rim Dynamics Interdisciplinary Group for Australian Studies, National Taiwan University Taipei 149 164 Google Scholar Ip, D. 2001 A decade of Taiwanese migrant settlement in Australia: comparisons with mainland Chinese and Hong Kong settlers Journal of Population Studies 23 113 145 Google Scholar Ip, D., Anstee, M., Wu, C.T. 1998a Cosmopolitanising Australian suburbia: Asian immigration in Sunnybank Journal of Population Studies 19 53 80 Google Scholar
Ip D., Wu C.T. and Inglis C., 1998b: Settlement experiences of Taiwanese migrants in Australia.
Asian Studies Review (March): 79–97 Jayasuriya, L., Kee, O. 1999The Asianisation of Australia? Some Facts about the Myths Melbourne University Press Melbourne Google Scholar Jupp, J. 1991Immigration Sydney University Press Sydney Google Scholar Jupp, J. 1999Immigration2 Sydney University Press Sydney Google Scholar Jupp, J. 2002From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration Cambridge University Press Cambridge Google Scholar
Lack J. and Templeton J., 1988:
Sources of Australian Immigration History. Melbourne University History Monograph Series No. 2, History Department, University of Melbourne, Melbourne Lary, D., Inglis, C., Wu, C.T., et al. 1994 Hong Kong: A case study of immigration settlement Adelman, H. eds. Immigration and Refugee Policy Australia and Canada Compared Melbourne University Press Melbourne 405 446 Google Scholar
Phillips J., 1988: Slow death for the valley.
The Courier Mail
March 5: 4
Google Scholar Rolls, E. 1992Sojourners University of Queensland Press Brisbane Google Scholar Rolls, E. 1996Citizens. Flowers and the Wide Sea University of Queensland Press Brisbane Google Scholar Schak, D., et al. 1999 Middle class migration and problems of adjustment: Taiwanese business migrants in Brisbane Tseng, Y.-F. eds. Asian Migration: Pacific Rim Dynamics Interdisciplinary Group for Australian Studies, National Taiwan University Taipei 117 148 Google Scholar Sunnybank State High School Parents and Citizen Association 1995From Paddocks to Pavements: A Local Folk History of Sunnybank 1885–1985 Sunnybank State High School Brisbane Google Scholar Tsu, T.Y. 1999 From ethnic Ghetto to ‘Gourmet Republic:’ the changing image of Kobe’s Chinatown in modern Japan Japanese Studies 19 17 32 Google Scholar Yarwood, A.T. 1964Asian Migration to Australia Melbourne University Press Melbourne Google Scholar Zhou, M., Logan, J.R. 1991 In and out of Chinatown: residential mobility and segregation of New York city’s Chinese Social Forces 70 387 407 CrossRef Google Scholar