Developing a Relation Between Pore Fluid Salinity and Electrical Resistivity of Highly Compacted Bentonite
- 20 Downloads
Highly compacted bentonite is an engineered barrier material that is being examined in the Canadian concept for storage of used fuel bundle in a deep geological repository. Having an estimation of the in situ ground water salinity will help to predict hydro-mechanical behavior of the engineered barriers as well as understanding of any potential corrosion of the cylinders of the used fuel bundles. The current research investigates the impact of pore fluid chemistry on the electrical resistivity of highly compacted bentonite. In these tests, pore fluid solutions were selected to represent groundwater salinity of host rocks locations of the Canadian DGR. Former studies found that electrical resistivity is a powerful tool to monitor the degree of saturation of barrier materials. Following the similar approach, this study suggests that the salinity of the highly compacted bentonite can be monitored by means of electrical resistivity to acquire a clearer picture of the deep geological repository’s performance.
KeywordsHighly compacted bentonite Canadian DGR Electrical resistivity Pore fluid chemistry Degree of saturation
The corresponding author would like to acknowledge the funding support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)/Discovery Grants Program (Grant # 62R09724) for this research.
- Arulanandan K, Smith SS (1973) Electrical dispersion in relation to soil structure. J Soil Mech Found Div 99(2):447–471Google Scholar
- NWMO (2016) Deep geological repository conceptual design report crystalline/sedimentary rock environment. Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto, Ont. Adaptive Phased Management Report APM-REP-00440-0015 R001Google Scholar
- Priyanto DG, Baumgartner P (2008) Volume–mass relationships of soil with fresh water and saline solutions. Nuclear Waste Management Organisation, Toronto, ON. Appendix D:Technical Report TR-2008-04Google Scholar
- Sarkar G, Siddiqua S (2016b) Preliminary studies of hydraulic and mechanical behavior of nanoparticle-based light backfill exposed to pore fluid salinity. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 21(2):1–8Google Scholar