Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 2247–2260 | Cite as

A Risk-Based Technique to Analyze Flyrock Results Through Rock Engineering System

  • Mahdi Hasanipanah
  • Danial Jahed Armaghani
  • Hassan Bakhshandeh Amnieh
  • Mohammadreza Koopialipoor
  • Hossein ArabEmail author
Original paper


Flyrock is an adverse effect produced by blasting in open-pit mines and tunneling projects. So, it seems that the precise estimations and risk level assessment of flyrock are essential in minimizing environmental effects induced by blasting. The first aim of this research is to model the risk level associated with flyrock through rock engineering systems (RES) methodology. In this regard, 62 blasting were investigated in Ulu Tiram quarry, Malaysia, and the most effective parameters of flyrock were measured. Using the most influential parameters on flyrock, the overall risk of flyrock was obtained as 32.95 which is considered as low to medium degree of vulnerability. Moreover, the second aim of this research is to estimate flyrock based on RES and multiple linear regression (MLR). To evaluate performance prediction of the models, some statistical criteria such as coefficient of determination (R2) were computed. Comparing the values predicted by the models demonstrated that the RES has more suitable performance than MLR for predicting the flyrock and it could be introduced as a powerful technique in this field.


Blasting Flyrock distance Risk assessment Rock engineering systems 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahdi Hasanipanah
    • 1
  • Danial Jahed Armaghani
    • 2
  • Hassan Bakhshandeh Amnieh
    • 3
  • Mohammadreza Koopialipoor
    • 4
  • Hossein Arab
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringUniversity of KashanKashanIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.School of Mining, College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  4. 4.Faculty of Mining and MetallurgyAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  5. 5.Young Researchers and Elite ClubQom Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityQomIran

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