Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1069–1083 | Cite as

Viscous Behaviour of Soft Clay and Inducing Factors

  • Thu Minh Le
  • Behzad FatahiEmail author
  • Hadi Khabbaz
State-of-the-Art Review


As a result of the scarcity of land for construction, a number of projects to construct man-made islands or to expand lands over soft grounds keeps increasing. Creep behaviour of soft ground has been considered as a challenging issue for engineers and researchers for many years. A number of studies have focused on the method to predict the creep deformation of the ground under a construction site. However, there is no unified theory to clearly explain the mechanism of soil creep deformation of soils. Results of the critical review in this paper indicate that the causes of soil creep can be categorised into five main groups, namely (a) the breakdown of the inter-particle bonds, (b) sliding between the soil particles, (c) water flow from micro-pores to macro-pores (d) the deformation due to the structural viscosity and (e) the deformation due to the jumping of bonds. This paper presents these mechanisms in details with an effort to recommend an enhanced explanation for the creep compression mechanisms of clays.


Creep Soft soils Structural viscosity Adsorbed water Clay mineralogy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Centre for Built Infrastructure ResearchUniversity of Technology Sydney (UTS)SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering and IT, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Centre for Built Infrastructure ResearchUniversity of Technology (UTS)SydneyAustralia

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