Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 253–262 | Cite as

Lead Removal from Aqueous Solution by Natural and Pretreated Zeolites

  • Ismael S. Ismael
  • Ahmed Melegy
  • Tomas Kratochvíl
Original paper

Abstract

Hazardous metal cations enter water through the natural geochemical route or from the industrial wastes. Their separation and removal can be achieved by adsorptive accumulation of the cations on a suitable adsorbent. In the present work, toxic Pb(II) ions are removed from water by accumulating it on the surface of natural zeolite in three different forms; one untreated and two treated samples, one sample treated with 2 M HCI solution and other is treated with 3 M NaOH solution. Natural zeolite is mainly composed of clinoptilolite, and mordenite, with amount of non-zeolite phase (smectite and illite) and C and CT opal. The adsorption experiments are carried out using a batch process in environments of different pH, initial Pb(II) concentration, interaction time and amount of zeolites. Treated zeolite samples show high exchange capacity for Pb(II) compared to untreated sample, however, acid-treated sample shows an exceedingly good exchange capacity. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum adsorption capacity of 115, 126, and 132 mg g−1 of untreated natural zeolites, alkali-treated zeolites and acid-treated zeolites respectively. The rates of adsorption were found to confirm to pseudo-first order kinetic with good correlation and the overall rate of lead ions uptake.

Keywords

Natural zeolites Clinoptilolite Pb(II) removal Alkali-treated zeolites Acid-treated zeolites 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ismael S. Ismael
    • 1
  • Ahmed Melegy
    • 2
  • Tomas Kratochvíl
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceSuez Canal UniversitySuezEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesNational Research CentreDokki, CairoEgypt
  3. 3.Faculty of Natural ScienceComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovak Republic

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