Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp 157–170 | Cite as

Soil microbial communities under film mulching and N fertilization in semiarid farmland

  • Shasha Luo
  • Shaojie Wang
  • Pengwei Yao
  • Dan Guo
  • Xiujun Li
  • Shiqing LiEmail author
  • Chunjie TianEmail author
Original Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Film mulching and N fertilization can affect soil physicochemical properties, thereby improving plant growth, and may in turn affect soil microbial communities. Therefore, a 2-year field experiment was conducted to research the effects of film mulching and N fertilization on soil microbial communities. The four main treatments were N0F0, N0F1, N1F0, and N1F1, combining two N fertilizer rates (N0, 0 kg N ha−1; N1, 225 kg N ha−1) and two mulching methods (F0, no mulching; F1, film mulching) in the absence and presence of plants. The film mulching treatments significantly increased the mean temperature by 0.2 °C and decreased the soil organic carbon (SOC), mineral N and water soluble organic C by 5.6%, 35.5% and 24.0%, respectively. The N fertilization treatments significantly increased the mineral N, water soluble organic N and KMnO4-oxidizable C by 117.9%, 256.4% and 55.3%, respectively. Additionally, the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis of the soil microbial community revealed that the film mulching treatments significantly decreased the total PLFAs by 21.5% and the absolute abundance of fungi (F), bacteria (B), and actinomycetes by 26.7%, 23.1% and 24.6%, respectively. N fertilization significantly decreased the Gram-positive B/Gram-negative B ratio by 9.8%. Film mulching combining N fertilization significantly decreased the F/B ratio by 10.0%. Temperature (P < 0.001) and SOC/total P (P < 0.001) were confirmed to play significant roles in shaping the soil microbial community. Accordingly, short-term film mulching increases soil organic matter decomposition in the top soil and decreases the total soil microbial biomass and most microbial communities.

Keywords

Plastic film mulching Maize cultivation Microbial community abundance Microbial community structure Labile soil organic matter 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the Special Foundation for State Major Basic Research Program of China (2016YFC0501202), Key Research Program of CAS (KFZD-SW-112-05-04), Special Foundation for Basic Research Program in Soil of CAS (XDB15030103), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571255 and 41701332), Key Laboratory Foundation of Mollisols Agroecology (2016ZKHT-05), 135 Project of Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology (Y6H2043001), and Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Development Project of China (20180519002JH and 20180520048JH). We also declare that no conflicts of interest exit in the submission of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

10705_2019_9998_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (104 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 103 kb)
10705_2019_9998_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (98 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 97 kb)
10705_2019_9998_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (197 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 197 kb)
10705_2019_9998_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (86 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 85 kb)

References

  1. Babujia LC, Hungria M, Franchini JC, Brookes PC (2010) Microbial biomass and activity at various soil depths in a Brazilian oxisol after two decades of no-tillage and conventional tillage. Soil Biol Biochem 42:2174–2181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonanomi G, Chiurazzi M, Caporaso S, Del Sorbo G, Moschetti G, Felice S (2008) Soil solarization with biodegradable materials and its impact on soil microbial communities. Soil Biol Biochem 40:1989–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bossio DA, Scow KM (1998) Impacts of carbon and flooding on soil microbial communities: phospholipid fatty acid profiles and substrate utilization patterns. Microb Ecol 35:265–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Breulmann M, Masyutenko NP, Kogut BM, Schroll R, Dorfler U, Buscot F, Schulz E (2014) Short-term bioavailability of carbon in soil organic matter fractions of different particle sizes and densities in grassland ecosystems. Sci Total Environ 497:29–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bu LD, Liu JL, Zhu L, Luo SS, Chen XP, Li SQ, Hill RL, Zhao Y (2013) The effects of mulching on maize growth, yield and water use in a semi-arid region. Agric Water Manage 123:71–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen YX, Wen XX, Sun YL, Zhang JL, Wu W, Liao YC (2014) Mulching practices altered soil bacterial community structure and improved orchard productivity and apple quality after five growing seasons. Sci Hortic Amst 172:248–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Vries FT, Bloem J, van Eekeren N, Brusaard L, Hoffland E (2007) Fungal biomass in pastures increases with age and reduced N input. Soil Biol Biochem 39:1620–1630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Domagała-Świątkiewicz I, Siwek P (2013) The effect of direct covering with biodegradable nonwoven film on the physical and chemical properties of soil. Pol J Environ Stud 22:667–674Google Scholar
  9. Dunn RM, Mikola J, Bol R, Bardgett RD (2006) Influence of microbial activity on plant-microbial competition for organic and inorganic nitrogen. Plant Soil 289:321–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Farmer J, Zhang B, Jin XX, Zhang P, Wang JK (2017) Long-term effect of plastic film mulching and fertilization on bacterial communities in a brown soil revealed by high through-put sequencing. Arch Agron Soil Sci 63:230–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fierer N, Schimel JP, Holden PA (2003) Variations in microbial community composition through two soil depth profiles. Soil Biol Biochem 35:67–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gan Y, Siddique KHM, Turner NC, Li XG, Niu JY, Yang C, Liu L, Chai Q (2013) Ridge-furrow mulching systems-an innovative technique for boosting crop productivity in semiarid rain-fed environments. In: Sparks DL (ed) Advances in agronomy. Academic Press, Cambridge, pp 429–476Google Scholar
  13. Guo JH, Liu XJ, Zhang Y, Shen JL, Han WX, Zhang WF, Christie P, Goulding KWT, Vitousek PM, Zhang FS (2010) Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands. Science 327:1008–1010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hai L, Li XG, Liu XE, Jiang XJ, Guo RY, Jing GB, Rengel Z, Li FM (2015) Plastic mulch stimulates nitrogen mineralization in urea-amended soils in a semiarid environment. Agron J 107:921–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kapanen A, Schettini E, Vox G, Itävaara M (2008) Performance and environmental impact of biodegradable films in agriculture: a field study on protected cultivation. J Polym Environ 16:109–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li FM, Song QH, Jjemba PK, Shi YC (2004) Dynamics of soil microbial biomass C and soil fertility in cropland mulched with plastic film in a semiarid agroecosystem. Soil Biol Biochem 36:1893–1902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li YS, Wu LH, Zhao LM, Lu XH, Fan QL, Zhang FS (2007) Influence of continuous plastic film mulching on yield, water use efficiency and soil properties of rice fields under non-flooding condition. Soil Till Res 93:370–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li J, Li ZA, Wang FM, Zou B, Chen Y, Zhao J, Mo QF, Li YW, Li XB, Xia HP (2015) Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus addition on soil microbial community in a secondary tropical forest of China. Biol Fertil Soils 51:207–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li XG, Jia B, Lv J, Ma Q, Kuzyakov Y, Li FM (2017) Nitrogen fertilization decreases the decomposition of soil organic matter and plant residues in planted soils. Soil Biol Biochem 112:47–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu YJ, Mao L, He XH, Cheng G, Ma XJ, An LZ, Feng HY (2012) Rapid change of AM fungal community in a rain-fed wheat field with short-term plastic film mulching practice. Mycorrhiza 22:31–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu CA, Li FR, Zhou LM, Feng Q, Li X, Pan CC, Wang L, Chen JL, Li XG, Jia Y, Siddique KHM, Li FM (2013) Effects of water management with plastic film in a semi-arid agricultural system on available soil carbon fractions. Eur J Soil Biol 57:9–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu JL, Bu LD, Zhu L, Luo SS, Chen XP, Li SQ (2014a) Optimizing plant density and plastic film mulch to increase maize productivity and water-use efficiency in semiarid areas. Agron J 106:1138–1146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu JL, Zhu L, Luo SS, Bu LD, Chen XP, Yue SC, Li SQ (2014b) Response of nitrous oxide emission to soil mulching and nitrogen fertilization in semi-arid farmland. Agr Ecosyst Environ 188:20–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu XE, Li XG, Hai L, Wang YP, Fu TT, Turner NC, Li FM (2014c) Film-mulched ridge-furrow management increases maize productivity and sustains soil organic carbon in a dryland cropping system. Soil Sci Soc Am J 78:1434–1441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu JL, Zhan A, Chen H, Luo SS, Bu LD, Chen XP, Li SQ (2015a) Response of nitrogen use efficiency and soil nitrate dynamics to soil mulching in dryland maize (Zea mays L.) fields. Nutr Cycl Agroecosystems 101:271–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu L, Gundersen P, Zhang W, Zhang T, Chen H, Mo JM (2015b) Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus additions on soil microbial biomass and community structure in two reforested tropical forests. Sci Rep UK 5:14378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu JL, Chen XP, Zhan A, Luo SS, Chen H, Jiang HB, Huang XY, Li SQ (2016) Methane uptake in semiarid farmland subjected to different mulching and nitrogen fertilization regimes. Biol Fertil Soils 52:941–950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu YH, Zang HD, Ge TD, Bai J, Lu SB, Zhou P, Peng PQ, Shibistova O, Zhu ZK, Wu JS, Guggenberger G (2018) Intensive fertilization (N, P, K, Ca, and S) decreases organic matter decomposition in paddy soil. Appl Soil Ecol 127:51–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Luo SS, Zhu L, Liu JL, Bu LD, Yue SC, Shen YF, Li SQ (2015a) Mulching effects on labile soil organic nitrogen pools under a spring maize cropping system in semiarid farmland. Agron J 107:1465–1472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Luo SS, Zhu L, Liu JL, Bu LD, Yue SC, Shen YF, Li SQ (2015b) Sensitivity of soil organic carbon stocks and fractions to soil surface mulching in semiarid farmland. Eur J Soil Biol 67:35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Luo SS, Zhu L, Liu JL, Bu LD, Yue SC, Shen YF, Li SQ (2016) Response of labile organic C and N pools to plastic film removal from semiarid farmland soil. Soil Use Manage 32:535–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Luo SS, Wang SJ, Tian L, Li SQ, Li XJ, Shen YF, Tian C (2017) Long-term biochar application influences soil microbial community and its potential roles in semiarid farmland. Appl Soil Ecol 117:10–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Maul JE, Buyer JS, Lehman RM, Culman S, Blackwood CB, Roberts DP, Zasada IA, Teasdale JR (2014) Microbial community structure and abundance in the rhizosphere and bulk soil of a tomato cropping system that includes cover crops. Appl Soil Ecol 77:42–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Moreno MM, Moreno A (2008) Effect of different biodegradable and polyethylene mulches on soil properties and production in a tomato crop. Sci Hortic Amst 116:256–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Muñoz K, Schmidt-Heydt M, Stoll D, Diehl D, Ziegler J, Geisen R, Schaumann GE (2015) Effect of plastic mulching on mycotoxin occurrence and mycobiome abundance in soil samples from asparagus crops. Mycotoxin Res 31:191–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Oksanen J, Guillaume-Blanchet F, Friendly M, Kindt R, Legendre P, McGlinn D, Minchin PR, O’Hara RB, Simpson GL, Solymos P, Stevens HMH, Szoecs E, Wagner H (2019) vegan: community ecology package. R package version 2.5-4. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan
  37. Paul EA (2006) Soil microbiology, ecology, and biochemistry, 3rd edn. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  38. Peres-Neto PR, Legendre P, Dray S, Borcard D (2006) Variation partitioning of species data matrices: estimation and comparison of fractions. Ecology 87:2614–2625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rinnan R, Michelsen A, Bååth E, Jonasson S (2007) Fifteen years of climate change manipulations alter soil microbial communities in a subarctic health system. Global Change Biol 13:28–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Savci S (2012) An agricultural pollutant: chemical fertilizer. Int J Environ Sci Dev 3:77–80Google Scholar
  41. Simmons CW, Guo H, Claypool JT, Marshall MN, Perano KM, Stapleton JJ, Vander Gheynst JS (2013) Managing compost stability and amendment to soil to enhance soil heating during soil solarization. Waste Manage 33:1090–1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Simmons CW, Claypool JT, Marshall MN, Jabusch LK, Reddy AP, Simmons BA, Singer SW, Stapleton JJ, Vander Gheynst JS (2014) Characterization of bacterial communities in solarized soil amended with lignocellulosic organic matter. Appl Soil Ecol 73:97–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stagnari F, Perpetuini G, Tofalo R, Campanelli G, Leteo F, Della Vella U, Schirone M, Suzzi G, Pisante M (2014) Long-term impact of farm management and crops on soil microorganisms assessed by combined DGGE and PLFA analyses. Front Microbial 5:644Google Scholar
  44. Steinmetz Z, Wollmann C, Schaefer M, Buchmann C, David J, Tröger J, Muñoz K, Frör O, Schaumann GE (2016) Plastic mulching in agriculture. Trading short-term agronomic benefits for long-term soil degradation? Sci Total Environ 550:690–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Subrahmaniyan K, Kalaiselvan P, Balasubramanian TN, Zhou W (2006) Crop productivity and soil properties as affected by polyethylene film mulch and land configurations in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Arch Agron Soil Sci 52:79–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ter Braak CJF, Prentice IC (1988) A theory of gradient analysis. Adv Ecol Res 18:271–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wang L, Li XG, Lv J, Fu T, Ma Q, Song W, Wang YP, Li FM (2017) Continuous plastic-film mulching increases soil aggregation but decreases soil pH in semiarid areas of China. Soil Till Res 167:46–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wu MY, Hao RC, Wu LH (2016) Effects of continuous plastic film mulching on soil bacterial diversity, organic matter and rice water use efficiency. J Geosci Environ Protect 4:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yao PW, Li XS, Nan WG, Li XY, Zhang HP, Shen YF, Li SQ, Yue SC (2017) Carbon dioxide fluxes in soil profiles as affected by maize phenology and nitrogen fertilization in the semiarid Loess Plateau. Agric Ecosyst Environ 236:120–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zang H, Wang J, Kuzyakov Y (2016) N fertilization decreases soil organic matter ecomposition in the rhizosphere. Appl Soil Ecol 108:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang HY, Liu QJ, Yu XX, Lv GA, Wu YZ (2012) Effects of plastic mulch duration on nitrogen mineralization and leaching in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivated land in the Yimeng Mountainous Area, China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 158:164–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang B, Li YJ, Ren TS, Tian ZC, Wang GM, He XY, Tian CJ (2014) Short-term effect of tillage and crop rotation on microbial community structure and enzyme activities of a clay loam soil. Biol Fertil Soils 50:1077–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang GS, Hu XB, Zhang XX, Li J (2015) Effects of plastic mulch and crop rotation on soil physical properties in rain-fed vegetable production in the mid-Yunnan plateau, China. Soil Till Res 145:111–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhao S, Qiu S, Cao C, Zheng C, Zhou W, He P (2014) Responses of soil properties, microbial community and crop yields to various rates of nitrogen fertilization in a wheat–maize cropping system in north-central China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 194:29–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhong YQW, Yan WM, Shangguan ZP (2015) Impact of long-term N additions upon coupling between soil microbial community structure and activity, and nutrient-use efficiencies. Soil Biol Biochem 91:151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhou LM, Jin SL, Liu CA, Xiong YC, Si JT, Li XG, Gan YT, Li FM (2012) Ridge-furrow and plastic-mulching tillage enhances maize-soil interactions: opportunities and challenges in a semiarid agroecosystem. Field Crop Res 126:181–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mollisols Agroecology, Northeast Institute of Geography and AgroecologyChinese Academy of SciencesChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Tobacco SciencesHenan Agricultural UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water ConservationChinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water ResourceYanglingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations