Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp 321–330 | Cite as

Effect of the integrated use of legume residue, poultry manure and inorganic fertilizers on maize yield, nutrient uptake and soil properties

  • A. O. Amusan
  • M. T. Adetunji
  • J. O. Azeez
  • J. G. Bodunde
Original Article

Abstract

Identification of a sustainable integrated soil fertility management option in the tropics will not only salvage the degraded soils but also enhances the attainment of the goal of food security. This study was conducted in 2004 and 2005 on a degraded tropical Alfisol in south western Nigeria to evaluate the effect of legume residue, poultry manure and inorganic fertilizers on maize yield, nutrient uptake and soil properties. The treatments consisted of two rates of poultry manure (0 and 5 t ha−1), three rates of N fertilizer (0, 50 and 100 kg N ha−1 applied as urea), three rates of P fertilizer (0, 30 and 60 kg P ha−1 applied as single super phosphate) and two soybean treatments (with or without incorporation of legume residue) in various combinations as a factorial experiment in Randomized Complete Block design with three replicates. Results showed that poultry manure alone led to significant increase in maize yield (60%) and soil organic matter (45%). In contrast, legume residue incorporation gave significantly lower increase in yield (7%) and soil organic matter (11%). However, the combined application of poultry manure and legume incorporation led to 72% increase in maize yield as opposed to 63 and 10% increase recorded when manure alone or legume alone were incorporated, respectively. Optimal maize yield was achieved when manure application was integrated with P fertilizer application. The interaction of P fertilizer and legume incorporation indicated that soil phosphorus and maize P concentration were significantly increased with the application of the P fertilizer and legume incorporation. Hence, the application of P fertilizer alone is most likely to be economical compared with its integration with legume incorporation.

Keywords

Integrated nutrient management Soil fertility Nutrient cycling Degraded soil 

References

  1. Adebusuyi BA (1985) Soil test and nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium requirement of maize in southwestern Nigeria. Ph.D. Thesis, Obafemi Awolowo University, Department of Soil ScienceGoogle Scholar
  2. Adeniyan ON, Ojeniyi SO (2003) Comparative effectiveness of different levels of poultry manure with NPK fertilizer on residual soil fertility, nutrient uptake and yield of maize. Moor J Agric Res 4(2):191–197Google Scholar
  3. Adepetu JA, Adigun BT, Ajayi EO (1981) The critical leaf-tissue phosphorus concentration and sampling time for evaluation of P-fertilization requirement of cowpea soil. Nig J Soil Sci 3:51–60Google Scholar
  4. Adetunji MT (1996) Predicting nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer needs of maize/cassava intercrops. East Afr Agric For J 61(3):239–247Google Scholar
  5. Adetunji MT (1997) Organic residue management, soil nutrient changes and maize yield in a humid ultisol. Nut Cycl Agroecosyst 47:189–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aiboni VU (2001) Characteristics and classification of soils of a representative topographic location in the University of Agriculture Abeokuta. ASSET Series A 1(1):35–50Google Scholar
  7. Azam F (2002) Added nitrogen interaction in the soil-plant system–a review. Pakistan J Agron 1:54–59Google Scholar
  8. Azeez JO, Adetunji MT, Adebusuyi B (2007) Effect of residue burning and fertilizer application on soil nutrient dynamics and dry grain yield of maize in an Alfisol. Nig J Soil Sci 17:71–80Google Scholar
  9. Chadwick DR, John F, Pain BF, Chambers BJ, Williams JC (2000) Plant uptake of nitrogen from the organic nitrogen fraction of animal manures: a laboratory experiment. J Agric Sci Camb 134:159–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Iyamuremye F, Dick RP (1999) Organic amendments and phosphorus sorption in soils. Adv Agron 56:139–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lekasi JK, Tanner JC, Kimani SK, Harris PJC (1998) Manure management in the Kenya highlands: practices and potentials. HDRA, CoventryGoogle Scholar
  12. Manyong VM, Makinde KO, Ogungbile AGO (2002) Agricultural transformation and fertilizer use in the cereal-based systems of the Northern Guinea Savanna, Nigeria. In: Vanlauwe B et al (eds) Integrated plant nutrient management in Sub-Saharan Africa: from concept to practice. CABI publishing, UK, pp 75–85Google Scholar
  13. Mclean EO (1967) Aluminum. In: Black CA (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Am Soc Agron monograph No. 9Google Scholar
  14. Mokwunye UA, de Jager A, Smaling EMA (1996) Restoring and maintaining the productivity of West African soils: key to sustainable development. Miscellaneous fertilizer studies 14. International Fertilizer Development Centre, Lome, TogoGoogle Scholar
  15. Nziguheba G, Palm CA, Buresh RJ, Smithson PC (1998) Soil phosphorus fractions and adsorption as affected by organic and inorganic sources. Plant Soil 198:159–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. SAS Institute (1999) The SAS system for windows. Release 8.0. SAS Inst, Cary, NCGoogle Scholar
  17. Udo EJ, Ogunwale JA (1986) Laboratory manual for the analysis of soil, plant and water samples, 2nd edn. University Press, Ibadan, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  18. Vanlauwe B, Sanginga N, Merckx R (1998) Recovery of leucaena and dactyladenia residue nitrogen-15 in alley cropping systems. Soil Sci Soc Am J 62:454–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vanlauwe B, Aman S, Aihou K, Tossah BK, Adebiyi V, Sanginga N, Lyasse O, Diels J, Merckx R (1999) Alley Cropping in the moist savanna of West Africa III. Soil organic matter fractionation and soil productivity. Agrofor Syst 42:245–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vanlauwe B, Diels J, Sanginga N, Carsky RJ, Deckers J, Merckx R (2000) Utilization of rock phosphate by crops on a representative toposequence in the Northern Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria: response by maize to previous herbaceous legume cropping and rock phosphate treatments. Soil Bio Biochem 32:2079–2090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wagger MG, Kissel DE, Smith SJ (1985) Mineralization of nitrogen from nitrogen-15 labelled crop residues under field conditions. Soil Sci Soc Am J 49:1220–1226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Whitehead DC (1995) Grassland Nitrogen. CAB International, WallingfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Amusan
    • 1
  • M. T. Adetunji
    • 2
  • J. O. Azeez
    • 2
  • J. G. Bodunde
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Production and Management ScienceTai Solarin University of EducationIjebu-OdeNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and Land ManagementUniversity of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria
  3. 3.Department of HorticultureUniversity of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria

Personalised recommendations