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Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 87, Issue 3, pp 339–352 | Cite as

Uptake and allocation of plant nutrients and Cd in maize, sunflower and tobacco growing on contaminated soil and the effect of soil conditioners under field conditions

  • Erika FässlerEmail author
  • Brett H. Robinson
  • Satish K. Gupta
  • Rainer Schulin
Research Article

Abstract

Contaminated land may in many cases still be used for agriculture, provided that crops are chosen appropriately, as the accumulation of contaminants varies greatly among cultivars and also plant parts. We aimed to determine whether maize (Zea mays), sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum) grown on a heavy-metal contaminated soil containing copper (540 mg Cu kg−1), zinc (680 mg Zn kg−1) and cadmium (1.4 mg Cd kg−1) could be used to gradually remediate the soil, while producing valuable biomass. The soil was treated with either a normal fertiliser regime (control), elemental sulphur (S), or the biodegradable chelant NTA (nitrilotriacetic acid), to test how soil acidification or chelating organic compounds would affect the uptake and allocation of selected elements (Ca, Cd, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, P, S and Zn). The highest concentrations of Cd, Cu and Zn occurred in the leaves and/or roots, while seeds and grains contained much lower concentrations of these elements. All these concentrations, however, were still in the ranges considered normal for the respective plant parts grown on uncontaminated soil. While sunflower and maize could be safely used as food and feed, tobacco would better be used for bioenergy than for cigarette production because of its relatively high foliar Cd concentration. The two treatments (S and NTA) had only slight effects on the uptake and allocation of plant nutrients and Cd. Thus, there was little benefit of these treatments for phytoextraction purposes at this site.

Keywords

Heavy metal accumulation and distribution in crop plants Phytomanagement Tobacco Maize Sunflower Zinc Cadmium Manganese Copper 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Werner Stauffer for the maintenance of the field experiment and to Anna Grünwald, Diane Bürgi, Fabian von Känel, and Viktor Stadelmann for technical assistance in the lab, as well as to Andreas Papritz for his help in statistical analysis. The project was funded by the Federal Office for Education and Science within COST action 859.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika Fässler
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Brett H. Robinson
    • 2
  • Satish K. Gupta
    • 3
  • Rainer Schulin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial EcosystemsETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Agriculture and Life Sciences DivisionLincoln UniversityLincoln, CanterburyNew Zealand
  3. 3.Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon Research Station (ART)ZurichSwitzerland

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