Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 86, Issue 1, pp 69–77

Recent trends in phosphate balance nationally and by region in Japan

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Abstract

A reduction in chemical phosphate (P) fertilizer application to farmland from 137.6 kg P ha−1 in 1985 to 99.0 kg P ha−1 in 2005 and in manure application from 42.4 kg P ha−1 in 1985 to 32.8 kg P ha−1 in 2005 did not reduce crop P uptake, which averaged 27 kg P ha−1 over the period. Phosphate balance on farmland declined from 153.0 kg P ha−1 in 1985 to 105.4 kg P ha−1 in 2005 while livestock excreta disposal increased from 12.7 kg P ha−1 in 1985 to 23.7 kg P ha−1 in 2005. As a result, residual P associated with agriculture declined from 165.8 kg P ha−1 in 1985 to 129.1 kg P ha−1 in 2005. Phosphate utilization efficiency increased from 15.7% in 1985 to 20.1% in 2005. Median, minimum and maximum values of P flows by region showed similar trends. Phosphate input and withdrawal through crop production by region were not related to regional nitrogen (N) input and withdrawal through crop production. Although non-utilized P associated with agriculture has declined nationally and regionally, it is still higher than that in foreign countries, because of high chemical P fertilizer inputs and low crop yield withdrawal. Because soil P fertility was often sufficiently high previous large P surpluses, reducing P applications did not affect crop yields. Crop P uptake was less than half that of crop N yield. These results indicate that P inputs, especially by chemical fertilizer, for crop production could be reduced, thereby reducing negative environmental effects such as eutrophication of soil and water and conserving limited P resources.

Keywords

Phosphate Balance Surplus National Region 

References

  1. Amano H, Ohta K, Kusaba K, Nakai M (1991) Quantification of accumulated phosphate in each kind of soil type and in each kind of form in northern Japan. Development of refreshment and recycle techniques for soil accumulated phosphate Agriculture. Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries Research Council, MAFF, Tokyo, pp 28–36Google Scholar
  2. Antikainen R, Lemola R, Nousiainen JI, Sokka L, Esala M, Huhtanen P, Rekolainen S (2005) Stocks and flows of nitrogen and phosphorus in Finnish food production and consumption system. Agric Ecosyst Environ 107:287–305. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2004.10.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bechmann ME, Stalnacke T, Kverno SH (2007) Testing the Norwegian phosphorus index at the field and sub-catchment scale. Agric Ecosyst Environ 120:117–128. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.05.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buciene A, Svedas A, Antanaitis S (2003) Balances major nutrients N, P and K at the farm and field level and some possibilities to improve comparisons between actual and estimated crop yields. Eur J Agron 20:53–62. doi:10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00073-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cordell D, Drangert J-O, White S (2009) The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought. Glob Environ Change (Article in Press). doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009
  6. D’Haene K, Magyar M, De Neve S, Palmai O, Nagy J, Nemeth T, Hofman G (2007) Nitrogen and phosphorus balances of Hungarian farms. Eur J Agron 26:224–234. doi:10.1016/j.eja.2006.10.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ekholm P, Turtola E, Gronroos J, Seuri P, Ylivainio K (2005) Phosphorus loss from different farming systems estimated from soil surface phosphorus balance. Agric Ecosyst Environ 110:266–278. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2005.04.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hechrath G, Brooks PC, Poulton PR, Goulding KWT (1995) Phosphorus leaching from soils containing different phosphorus concentrations in Broadbald experiment. J Environ Qual 24:904–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hiradate (2007) What type of soil exotic plants or local plants (In Japanese). Farmland Soil 39–5:30–38Google Scholar
  10. Kyllingsbaek A, Hansen JF (2007) Development in nutrient balances in Danish agriculture 1980–2004. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 79:267–280. doi:10.1007/s10705-007-9114-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. MAFF (1986a) Cost of livestock production (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  12. MAFF (1986b) The 61st Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokaiGoogle Scholar
  13. MAFF (1987) Rice related report (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  14. MAFF (1991a) Cost of livestock production (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  15. MAFF (1991b) The 66th Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokai, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  16. MAFF (1992) Rice related report (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  17. MAFF (1996a) Cost of livestock production (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  18. MAFF (1996b) The 71st Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokaiGoogle Scholar
  19. MAFF (1997) Rice related report (In Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  20. MAFF (1998) Agricultural production environment report (in Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  21. MAFF (2001a) Cost of livestock production (in Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  22. MAFF (2001b) The 75th Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokaiGoogle Scholar
  23. MAFF (2002) Rice related report (in Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  24. MAFF (2006a) Cost of livestock production (in Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  25. MAFF (2006b) The 80th Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokaiGoogle Scholar
  26. MAFF (2007a) Production cost of rice and wheat (in Japanese). TokyoGoogle Scholar
  27. MAFF (2007b) The 81st Statistical Yearbook of Ministry of Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries, Norin-tokei-kyokai, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  28. Masujima H (2001) Environmental aspects of material cycles in arable land (in Japanese). Jour JSIDRE 69:1237–1240Google Scholar
  29. Ministry of Education Culture and Sports (2000) The food content standard, Ver. 5. Publisher of Ministry of Found, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  30. Mishima S (2001) Quantitative evaluation of environmental risk associated with nitrogen flow in agricultural production and mitigation plan for 2 typical prefecture in Japan. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 47(3):511–518Google Scholar
  31. Mishima S (2003) Trends of phosphate fertilizer demand and phosphate balance in farmland soils in Japan. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 49:39–45Google Scholar
  32. Mishima S, Endo A, Kohyama K (2009) Recent trend of residual nitrogen on the national and regional scale in Japan and its relation with groundwater quality. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 83:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nishio M (2002) Trend of chemical fertilizer consumption. Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 73:219–225Google Scholar
  34. Nishio M (2003) Analysis of the actual state of phosphate application in arable farming in Japan. Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 74:435–443Google Scholar
  35. Obara H (2000) Outline of the soil monitoring and soil quality changes of the arable land in Japan. Pedologist 44:134–142 in Japanese with English summaryGoogle Scholar
  36. Obara H, Nakai M (2004) Available phosphate of arable lands in Japan Changes of characteristics in Japanese arable lands (II). Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 75:59–67Google Scholar
  37. OECD (2000) Environmental indicators for agriculture issue and design vol 2. ParisGoogle Scholar
  38. OECD (2001) Environmental indicators for agriculture methods and results, vol 3. ParisGoogle Scholar
  39. OECD (2008) Environmental performance of agriculture in OECD Countries Since 1990. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/44/26/40678331.pdf
  40. Ondersteijn DJM, Beldman ACG, Daatselaar CHG, Giesen GWJ, Huirne RBM (2002) The Dutch mineral accounting system and European nitrate directive: implications for N and P management and farm performance. Agric Ecosyst Environ 92:283–296. doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00288-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Owa N (1996) Nutrient balance on crop production. In: Kanto-Tokai N (ed) New movement on effective use of fertilizer. National Agricultural Research Center, Tsukuba, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  42. Prasad R, Power JF (1997) Soil fertility management for sustainable agriculture. RC Publisher, New York, p 171Google Scholar
  43. Sharpley AN, Weld JL, Beegle DB, kleinman PJA, Gburek WJ, Moore PA, Mullins G (2003) Development of phosphorus indices for nutrient management planning strategies in the United States. J Soil Water Conserv 58:137–152Google Scholar
  44. Takeuchi M (1997) Nitrate and phosphate outflow from arable land. Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 68:708–715Google Scholar
  45. Tochigi prefecture (2004) Soil fertilization standard (in Japanese). UtsunomiyaGoogle Scholar
  46. Tsuiki K, Harada Y (1997) Livestock excretion and future theme in Japan. In: Nishio M (ed) Environmental conservation and new animal industry (in Japanese). Nourinsuisan-gijutukyokai, Tokyo, pp 15–29Google Scholar
  47. Watanabe K, Uehara Y, Toyota K, Shinohara M, Kunoh H, Goto I, Murakami K, Maekawa K (2004) Relationship between mineral nutrition and plant disease (in Japanese). Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 75:399–404Google Scholar
  48. Yasuda T (2003) Sustainable food production and phosphorus resources (in Japanese). Agric Hortic 78:1253–1257Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Toyo College of Food TechnologyKawanishiJapan

Personalised recommendations