Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 85, Issue 1, pp 41–61 | Cite as

Modeling nitrate leaching on a cropped Andosol

Research Article

Abstract

The nitrate transfer model in Andosol using the multipurpose solver was developed using meteorological characteristics, three-species nitrification and/or denitrification chain (NH4 → NO3 → N2), and a cropping system to evaluate the behavior of nitrate leaching from a cropped Andosol. Its validity was then tested by comparing results calculated by proposed model with results from a capillary lysimeter experiment. The measured values of cumulative water flux and cumulative nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) flux were compared with those of simulated values, and the accuracy of proposed model was verified by using test statistics of the root mean square error (RMSE) and t-value. The calculated results using the proposed model were accurate despite the small numbers of parameters (e.g. denitrification rate, immobilization rate etc.) and simple mechanistic sub-models were adopted. To understand the behavior of NO3-N concentration visually and qualitatively in the soil horizon, we used colored isopleths of NO3-N concentration in pore water at a cropped Andosol. From the validated results and isopleths results, the leaching risk of nitrate is likely to increase when (1) the agricultural land has high permeability and low capability of adsorption of nitrate, and when (2) heavy rains fall soon after application of nitrogen fertilizer. The results of RMSE and t-test, it was demonstrated that relationship between FlexPDE and observed data is in more agreement than the Hydrus-1D model.

Keywords

Andosol Nitrate leaching model Validation in model 

References

  1. Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D et al (1998) Crop evapotranspiration. In: FAO (ed) FAO irrigation and drainage paper 56. FAO, Roma, pp 1–300Google Scholar
  2. Bowen WT, Jones JW, Carsky RJ et al (1993) Evaluation of the nitrogen submodel of CERES-Maize following legume green manure incorporation. Agron J 85:153–159Google Scholar
  3. Bristow KL, Kluitenberg GJ, Horton R (1994) Measurement of soil thermal properties with a dual-probe heat-pulse technique. Soil Sci Soc Am J 58:1288–1294Google Scholar
  4. Campbell GS, Norman JM (2003) Heat transfer in soil. In: Kume A (ed) An introduction to environmental biophysics, 2nd edn. Morikita, Tokyo, p 118Google Scholar
  5. Campbell GS, Calissendoref C, Williams JH (1991) Probe for measuring soil specific heat using a heat-pulse method. Soil Sci Soc Am J 55:291–293Google Scholar
  6. Chiba Prefectural Agriculture Research Center (ed) (2005) Nitrogen fertilizer application method based on the nitrogen uptake characteristics for sweet corn. Chiba Prefecture, ChibaGoogle Scholar
  7. de Vries DA (1963) Thermal properties of soils. In: van Wijk W (ed) Physics of plant environment. Wiley, New York, pp 210–235Google Scholar
  8. Endo A, Hara M (2007) Simultaneous measurement of water flux density vectors and thermal properties under drainage conditions in soils. Paddy Water Environ, 5:171–180. doi:10.1007/s10333-007-0081-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fujitomi S, Sueyoshi T, Hirano T (2005) Effects of continuous manure application on soil nitrogen mineralization and nitrogen balance of granitic soil vegetable fields. Bull Fukuoka Agric Res Cent 24:10–15Google Scholar
  10. Fukuoka Agricultural Research Center (2003) Nitrogen uptake pattern for spinach. In: Fukuoka Prefecture (ed) Fukuoka agricultural research center information. Fukuoka Prefecture, ChikushinoGoogle Scholar
  11. Furue K, Uwasawa M (2001) Data of N-mineralization parameters by kinetics method. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (eds), National agricultural research center, 43. MAFF, Tokyo,s pp 1–50Google Scholar
  12. Hill D (1984) Diffusion coefficient of nitrate, chloride, sulphate and water in cracked and uncracked chalk. J Soil Sci 35:27–33. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.1984.tb00256.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ibaraki Agricultural Center (1991) Low input fertilizer application technique for carrot growing in Andosls. Ibaraki prefecture (eds), Ibaraki Prefecture, KasamaGoogle Scholar
  14. Itahashi E, Takano K, Yamamoto S et al (eds) (2006) Soil management technique, pp 35–36. Okayama Prefectural Agriculture Experiment Station, Okayama Prefecture, AkaiwaGoogle Scholar
  15. Jabro JD, Stout WL, Fales SL, Fox RH (2001) SOIL-SOILN simulations of water drainage and nitrate nitrogen transport from soil core lysimeters. J Environ Qual 30:584–589PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Johnsson H, Bergstrom L, Jansson PE, Paustian K (1987) Simulated nitrogen dynamics and losses in a layered agricultural soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ 18:333–356. doi:10.1016/0167-8809(87)90099-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kamewada K (1997) Chemical thermodynamic study on movement of nutrients and water related to plant grows in Andosol. Bull Tochigi Agr Exp Stn 46:1–120. Tochigi Prefecture, UtsunomiyaGoogle Scholar
  18. Kluitenberg GJ, Ham JM, Bristow KL (1993) Error analysis of the heat pulse method for measuring volumetric heat capacity. Soil Sci Soc Am J 57:1444–1451Google Scholar
  19. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surface of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403. doi:10.1021/ja02242a004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lutz B, Ralf K, Klaus BB (2002) Temperature and moisture effects on nitrification rates on tropical rain-forest soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 66:834–844Google Scholar
  21. McLaren AD (1969) Nitrification in soil: system approaching a steady-state. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 33:551–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McLaren AD (1970) Temporal and vectorial reactions of nitrogen in soil. A review. Can J Soil Sci 50:97–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Millington RJ, Quirk JM (1961) Permeability of porous solids. Trans Faraday Soc 57:1200–1207. doi:10.1039/tf9615701200 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Minami K (1999) Relationship between the global environment and the agricultural production. In: Kata (ed) Agriculture and environmental problem. Agriculture and Forestry Statistics Association, Tokyo, pp 3–38Google Scholar
  25. Ministry of Agriculture Forestry, Fisheries (ed) (1997) Study result information. MAFF, Tokyo, pp 258–259Google Scholar
  26. Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (eds) (2000) The 47th Tochigi statistical year book, Ed. MAFF. Norin Tokei Kyokai, Tokyo, pp 75–76Google Scholar
  27. Nakamura K, Harter T, Hirono Y et al (2004) Assessment of root zone nitrogen leaching as affected by irrigation and nutrient management practice. Vadose Zone J 3:1353–1366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Naokawa T (2006) Variety and characteristic of the fertilizers. In: Okazu N (ed) Subject book of fertilizer. Asakawa Shoten, Tokyo, p 86Google Scholar
  29. Ozaki Y, Maeda M, Kamewada K et al (2001) Development of the monitoring technique for the nitrate nitrogen leaching in the upland field. Agric Hortic 76(4):56–62Google Scholar
  30. PDE solutions Inc. (2005) Technical descriptions of FlexPDE 5.0 User guide. pp 1–116Google Scholar
  31. Ren T, Kluitenberg GJ, Horton R (2000) Determining soil water flux and pore water velocity by a heat pulse technique. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:552–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Richards LA (1931) Capillary conduction of liquids through porous mediums, Physics, Nov. 1: 318–333, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Šimůnek J, van Genuchten R (2005) The HYFRUS-1D software package for simulating the one-dimensional movement of water, heat, and multiple solutions in variably-saturated media, Version 3.0. University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, pp 39Google Scholar
  34. Šimůnek J, Šejna M, van Genuchten MTh (1998) The HYFRUS-1D software package for simulating the one-dimensional movement of water, heat, and multiple solutions in variably-saturated media, Version 2.0. International Ground Water Modeling Center-TPS-70. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, p 162Google Scholar
  35. Singh KG, Sondhi SK (2001) Validation of a fertilizer nitrogen model during crop production. J Agric Engng Res 78:317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sughihara S, Konno T, Ishii K (1986) Kinetics mineralization of organic nitrogen in soil. In National Institute for the Agro-Environmental Sciences (eds) NIAES Annual Reports, 1, pp 127–166Google Scholar
  37. Suzuki Y (1996) Green soybean. In: Suzuki Y (ed) Basic knowledge of the vegetable cultivation. Rural Culture Association, Tokyo, p 178Google Scholar
  38. Takeda I, Kunimatsu T, Kobayashi S et al (1991) Pollutants balance of a paddy field area and its loading in the water system. Trans Jpn Soc Irrig Drain Reclam Eng 153:63–72Google Scholar
  39. Tani M, Okuten T, Koike M, Kuramochi K et al (2004) Nitrate adsorption in some Andosols developed under different moisture condition. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 50(3):439–446Google Scholar
  40. Tashiro Y (1986) Fourier analysis. In: Tashiro Y (ed) Applied analysis. Morikita, Tokyo, p 90Google Scholar
  41. Tochigi Prefecture (2000) Research results of environmental technology division. In: Tochigi Prefecture (ed) Research material for Tochigi Pref Agric Exper St. Tochigi Prefecture, Utsunomiya, pp 62–64Google Scholar
  42. Tochigi Prefecture (2001) Research results of environmental technology division. In: Tochigi Prefecture (ed) Research material for Tochigi Pref Agric Exper St. Tochigi Prefecture, Utsunomiya, pp 64–70Google Scholar
  43. van Genuchten MTH (1980) A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44:892–898Google Scholar
  44. Wada K (1989) Allophane and imogolite. In: Dixon JB (ed), Minerals in soil. SSSA Book series No. 1, Madison, Wisconsin, pp 1051–1087Google Scholar
  45. Weaver JE (1926) Root development of field crops. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  46. Weaver JE, Jean FC, Crist JW (1922) Development and activity of roots of crop plants. In: Weaver JE (ed) A study in crop ecology. Carnegie Institution, Washington, pp 1–117Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Iwate Prefectural Morioka Agricultural High SchoolTakizawa-muraJapan
  2. 2.National Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukuba-shiJapan

Personalised recommendations