Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 81–91 | Cite as

Effect of changing groundwater levels caused by land-use changes on greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peat lands

  • Yuichiro Furukawa
  • Kazuyuki InubushiEmail author
  • Mochamad Ali
  • A. M. Itang
  • Haruo Tsuruta
Article

Abstract

Monthly measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes in peat soils were carried out and compared with groundwater level over a year at four sites (drained forest, upland cassava,upland and lowland paddy fields) located in Jambi province, Indonesia. Fluxes from swamp forest soils were also measured once per year as the native state of this investigated area. Land-use change from drained forest to lowland paddy field significantly decreased the CO2 (from 266 to 30 mg C m−2 h−1) and N2O fluxes (from 25.4 to 3.8 μg N m−2 h−1), but increased the CH4 flux (from 0.1 to 4.2 mg C m−2 h−1) in the soils. Change from drained forest to cassava field significantly increased N2O flux (from 25.4 to 62.2 μg N m−2 h−1), but had no significant influence on CO2 (from 266 to 200 mg C m−2 h−1) and CH4 fluxes (from 0.1 to 0.3 mg C m−2 h−1) in the soils. Averaged CO2 fluxes in the swamp forests (94 mg C m−2 h−1) were estimated to be one-third of that in the drained forest. Groundwater levels of drained forest and upland crop fields had been lowered by drainage ditches while swamp forest and lowland paddy field were flooded, although groundwater levels were also affected by precipitation. Groundwater levels were negatively related to CO2 flux but positively related to CH4 flux at all investigation sites. The peak of the N2O flux was observed at –20 cm of groundwater level. Lowering the groundwater level by 10 cm from the soil surface resulted in a 50 increase in CO2 emission (from 109.1 to 162.4 mg C m−2 h−1) and a 25% decrease in CH4 emission (from 0.440 to 0.325 mg C m−2 h−1) in this study. These results suggest that lowering of groundwater level by the drainage ditches in the peat lands contributes to global warming and devastation of fields. Swamp forest was probably the best land-use management in peat lands to suppress the carbon loss and greenhouse gas emission. Lowland paddy field was a better agricultural system in the peat lands in terms of C sequestration and greenhouse gas emission. Carbon loss from lowland paddy field was one-eighth of that of the other upland crop systems, although the Global Warming Potential was almost the same level as that of the other upland crop systems because of CH4 emission through rice plants.

Keywords

Carbon dioxide Groundwater Histosol Land-use Methane Nitrous oxide Peat 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bartlet, K.B., Harris, R.C. 1993Review and assessment of methane emissions from wetlandsChemosphere25261320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batjes, N.H. 1996Total carbon and nitrogen in the soil of the worldEur. J. Soil Sci47151163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouwman, A.F. 1990Estimating the effect of changing land-use on transpiration and evaporationBouwman, A.F. eds. Soils and the Greenhouse EffectJohn Wiley and SonsChichester,UK129142Google Scholar
  4. Cicerone, R.J., Shetter, J.D. 1981Sources of atmospheric methane: measurements in rice paddies and a discussionJ .Geophys. Res8672037209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Driessen P.M. (1978). Peat soils. In: IRRI (ed.), Soil and Rice. IRRI, Los Baños, Philippines, pp. 763-779.Google Scholar
  6. Hadi, A., Inubushi, K., Purnomo, E., Razie, F., Yamakawa, K., Tsuruta, H. 2000Effect of land-use changes on nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from tropical peat landsChemosphere-Global Change Sci2347358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hadi, A., Haridi, M., Inubushi, K., Purunomo, E., Razie, F., Tsuruta, H. 2001Effect of land-use change in tropical peat soil on the microbial population and emission of greenhouse gasesMicrobes Environ167986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hadi, A., Inubushi, K., Furukawa, Y., Purnomo, E., Rasmadi, M.d, Tsuruta, H. 2005Greenhouse gas emissions from tropical peat lands of Kalimantan, IndonesiaNutr.Cycl.Agroecosyst717380(this issue)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ishida, T., Suzuki, S., Nagano, T., Osawa, K., Yoshino, T., Fukumura, K., Nuyim, T. 2001CO2 emission rate from a primary peat swamp forest ecosystem in ThailandEnviron.Control Biol35267274(in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  10. Inubushi, K., Hadi, A., Okazaki, M., Yonebayashi, K. 1998Effect of converting wetland forest to sago palm plantations on methane flux and organic carbon dynamics in tropical peat soilHydrol. Process1220732080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Inubushi, K., Hori, K., Matsumoto, S., Umebayashi, M., Wada, H. 1989Methane emission from the flooded paddy soils to the atmosphere through rice plantJpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr60318324(in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  12. Keller, M., Reiners, W.A. 1994Soil-atmosphere exchange of nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, and methane under secondary succession of pasture to forest in the Atlantic lowlands of Costa RicaGlobal Biochem. Cycles.8399409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kiese, R., Butterbach-Bahl, K. 2002N2O and CO2 emissions from three different tropical forest sites in the wet tropics of Queensland, AustraliaSoil Biol. Biochem34975987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lumbanraja, J., Nugroho, S.G., Niswati, A., Ardjasa, W.S., Subadiyasa, N., Arya, N., Haraguchi, H., Kimura, M. 1998Methane emission from Indonesian rice fields with special references to the effects of yearly and seasonal variations, rice variety, soil and water managementHydrol. Process1220572072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moore, T.R., Dava, M. 1993The influence of temperature and water-table position on carbon-dioxide and methane emission from laboratory columns of peat land soilsJ. Soil Sci44651664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mosier, A.R., Delgado, J.A. 1997Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in grasslands in western Puerto RicoChemosphere3520592082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mosier, A.R., Delgado, J.A., Keller, M. 1998Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in an acid oxisol in western Puerto Rico: Effects of tillage, liming and fertilizationSoil. Biol Biochem3020872098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Noordwijk, M.V., Cerri, C., Woomer, P.L., Nugroho, K., Bernoux, M. 1997Soil carbon dynamics in the humid tropical forest zoneGeoderma79187225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ramaswamy, V. 2001Radiative forcing of climate changeHoughton, J.T.Ding, Y.Griggs, D.J.Noguer, M.Linden, P.J.Xiaosu, D. eds. Climate Change 2001:The Scientific BasisCambridge University PressCambridge,UK351406Google Scholar
  20. Sampson, R.N., Scholes, R.J. 2000Addition human-induced activities - article 3.4. In: Watson RWatson, R.T.Noble, I.R.Bolin, B.Ravindranath, N.H.Verardo, D.J.Dokken, D.J. eds. Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry. A Special Report of the IPCCCambridge University PressCambridge,UK217220Google Scholar
  21. Seiler, W., Holzapfel-Pschorn, A., Conrad, R., Scgarffe, A. 1984Methane emission from rice paddiesJ. Atmos. Chem1241268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh, S., Kashyap, A.K., Singh, J.S. 1998Methane flux in relation to growth and phonology of a high yielding rice variety as affected by fertilizationPlant Soil201157164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Suzuki, S., Ishida, T., Nagano, T., Waijaroen, S. 1999Influences of deforestation on carbon balance in a natural tropical peat swamp forest in ThailandEnviron. Control Biol37115128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Takai Y. (1997). Environmental characteristic and management in peat/acid sulfate soils of Southeast Asia. MAB Report. 1996-1997:31-49Google Scholar
  25. Tsuruta H., Yonemura S., Minomo K., Yoh M., Akagi Y., Wada Y., Inubushi K., Hadi A., Sugii H.,Kihira E. (1998). Methane emission from Ozegahara. In: Oze Scientific Research Group (ed.), Scientific Researches of the Oze Area in Central Japan. Nihon Seihan Insatsu, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 192-216.Google Scholar
  26. Wang, F.L., Bettany, J.R. 1995Methane emission from an usually well-drained prairie soil after snowmelt and precipitationCan. J. Soil Sci75239241CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuichiro Furukawa
    • 1
  • Kazuyuki Inubushi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mochamad Ali
    • 3
  • A. M. Itang
    • 3
  • Haruo Tsuruta
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and TechnologyChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of HorticultureChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of AgricultureJambi UniversityKampus UNJA, Mendalo, JambiIndonesia
  4. 4.National Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesKan-nodai, TsukubaJapan
  5. 5.Meguro, TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations