International Journal of Fracture

, Volume 199, Issue 1, pp 105–134 | Cite as

On the growth of cracks under mixed-mode I + III loading

  • K. H. Pham
  • K. Ravi-ChandarEmail author
Original Paper


We examine the growth of cracks under mixed-mode I + III loading conditions. Specially designed specimen configurations are used to identify that crack front fragmentation occurs through nucleation of nearly regularly spaced daughter cracks, and that coarsening of this spacing during growth increases through an elastic shielding mechanism. It is shown further that linkage of the daughter cracks does not occur concurrently with the formation of the primary system of daughter cracks, but at a later stage of the growth of the daughter cracks. A mechanism of the combined growth of the parent and daughter cracks under mixed-mode I + III loading is suggested for capturing the pattern formation of the echelon crack patterns observed in laboratory experiments and field observations.


Fragmentation of crack fronts Echelon crack pattern  Coarsening Hydrogels 

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 2 (avi 30254 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Materials, Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering MechanicsThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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