Brittle crack-arrest fracture toughness in a high heat-input thick steel weld
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Brittle crack-arrest fracture toughness (KIa) was determined as a function of the temperature in a large-scale (1 x 1 m) 50-mm thick steel base metal and its high heat-input (32 kJ/mm) weld. An impact initiates crack propagation from a notch at low temperature toward a higher temperature region where the crack stopped due to the improved fracture toughness. The relationship between the toughness and crack-arrest temperature provides the KIa at −10 °C of about 100 MPa√m in the weld specimen, which is a significant decrease compared to that of the base metal (240 MPa√m). Furthermore, the path of the crack propagation was discussed in terms of the grain size, hardness, and Charpy impact energy of the localized crack region.
KeywordsBrittle fracture crack arrest toughness thick steel welds
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