Foundations of Physics

, Volume 48, Issue 11, pp 1590–1616 | Cite as

Bohmian Trajectories for Kerr–Newman Particles in Complex Space-Time

  • Mark DavidsonEmail author


Complexified Liénard–Wiechert potentials simplify the mathematics of Kerr–Newman particles. Here we constrain them by fiat to move along Bohmian trajectories to see if anything interesting occurs, as their equations of motion are not known. A covariant theory due to Stueckelberg is used. This paper deviates from the traditional Bohmian interpretation of quantum mechanics since the electromagnetic interactions of Kerr–Newman particles are dictated by general relativity. A Gaussian wave function is used to produce the Bohmian trajectories, which are found to be multi-valued. A generalized analytic continuation is introduced which leads to an infinite number of trajectories. These include the entire set of Bohmian trajectories. This leads to multiple retarded times which come into play in complex space-time. If one weights these trajectories by their natural Bohmian weighting factors, then it is found that the particles do not radiate, that they are extended, and that they can have a finite electrostatic self energy, thus avoiding the usual divergence of the charged point particle. This effort does not in any way criticize or downplay the traditional Bohmian interpretation which does not assume the standard electromagnetic coupling to charged particles, but it suggests that a hybridization of Kerr–Newman particle theory with Bohmian mechanics might lead to interesting new physics, and maybe even the possibility of emergent quantum mechanics.


Quantum gravity Kerr–Newman Bohm Complex space-time Electron model Emergent quantum mechanics 



I would like to thank the two reviewers for this paper who provided valuable insights and suggestions. I would also like to thank Ezra Newman for his helpful correspondence.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spectel Research Corp.Palo AltoUSA

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